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Bishops Mills Natural History Centre surveys of the Tay Watershed, EOBase Narrative filtered by RTOD(ACOS(COS(DTOR(LATITUDE-44.82386))*COS(DTOR(LONGITUDE- -76.38878)*COS(DTOR(44.82386))))) *111.2<=23, non-Tay locations manually deleted.


17 September 1987

1) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Bathurst: 2 km W of Glen Tay. 31C/16, 44.88120N 76.33542W TIME: night. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). mature, call, heard. calling, picnic area on Highway 7, swampy forest, at night.


20 August 1990

moved 16.6 km NNW.
2) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Lanark: 1.5 mi N Lanark, Highway 511. 31F/1, 45.02741N 76.37944W OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, DM Tomes. Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). DOR. DOR, roadside, swampy Thuja woods, shell/bones, 0.7 mi S Clyde River.

3) (same location) Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). juvenile, . abund juvs, roadside, swampy Thuja woods, 0.7 mi S Clyde River.


13 October 1995

moved 25.4 km SE.
4) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Tay River at Port Elmsley. (100m topo map(assumed)), 31C/16, 44.89071N 76.12162W TIME: 1202-1253. AIR TEMP: 21.9, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: rocky river flowing into impounded canal. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 95/140/, datasheet (datasheet) (event). natural history, . This visit was for OMNR unionid survey. . DATASHEET SUMMARY: Shore ownership seems to be private. The locality is based on topo map. The recorded time was Eastern Daylight. The diel period was midday. The sky was completely clear. The wind was strong breeze. Weather for the past 48 hr was unseasonably warm seasonally normal moisture. The site was in/on valley plain. Upland substrate was not exposed where it's not fill. Soil moisture was moist. The terrestrial vegetation was parkland deciduous. DOMINANT SPECIES: Ulmus (Elm) > Tilia, and lawns. Human impact on the site included village 150 yr canal system. Site wetlands were fringing marsh. Development stage of Typha glauca, was dry seedheads was dry seedheads bursting leaf tips dying leaf tips dry. Water at the site was permanent natural previously canalized river. Water level was high, and receding. The bottom was bedrock boulders. Water quality was very clear. Spaces under rocks were clear of sediment. Water movement was fast. WIDTH: 20-40 m LENGTH SAMPLED: 150 m MAX. DEPTH: 1 m DEPTHS SAMPLED: 0-1 m. Water temperature 16 C, at 10 cm depth, in main flow. Dominant aquatic plants were submerged grainy algal scum on rocks. Capture was by hand. Cover checked included flat rocks. I waded through the creek for ca 150 m downstream of the bridge, and found an astonishing lack of unionids. NO:crayfish and NO:Dreissena, but isopods under many rocks, as if the stream is closed off at times.

5) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00644, 95/140/b, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 8 adult, shell, specimen. 65 & 68 mm taken alive, on & under rock, others very corroded.

6) (same location) 95/140/c, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). several juvenile, seen. along shore, small.

7) (same location) 95/140/d, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). several juvenile, larva, seen. 2 juvs, 1 tadpole, 2 large ads probably this species.

8) (same location) 95/140/e, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen. large ad on bedrock/marshy shore.

moved 6.9 km WSW.
9) Jebbs Crk/Co Road 1. (100m topo map(assumed)), 44.87454N 76.20613W TIME: 1530-1607. AIR TEMP: 24.2, sunny, windy. HABITAT: peaty lake-outlet, Typha-Lythrum marsh, deciduous forest. 95/142/, datasheet (datasheet) (event). natural history, wade. This visit was for OMNR unionid survey. DATASHEET SUMMARY: Land ownership is highway right-of-way & private. The locality is based on topo map. The recorded time was Eastern Daylight. The diel period was mid-cooling afternoon. The sky was completely clear. The wind was strong Beaufort 4-5 Force. Weather for the past 48 hr was unseasonably warm seasonally normal moisture.

The site was a plain abutting knolly Shield. Bedrock was granite. Upland substrate was bedrock, but soil not exposed. Soil moisture was moist. The terrestrial vegetation was forest deciduous. DOMINANT SPECIES: Beech, Maple, Yellow Birch, Hemlock, etc. Human impact on the site included scattered residences & road construction 15 yr ago. Site wetlands were permanent fringing marsh. Dominant wetland plants were: Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife), Typha (Cattail), Sparganium (Bur-reed). Development stage of Typha (Cattail) was dry seedheads, some seedheads bursting, leaf tips dying. Water at the site was permanent natural lake outlet slow creek. Water level was seasonally normal. The bottom was bedrock boulders gravel sand muck. Water quality was clear brown. Water movement was slow. WIDTH: 7-10 m LENGTH SAMPLED: 100 m MAX. DEPTH: 1 m DEPTHS SAMPLED: 0-1 m. Water temperature 16.5 C, at 35 cm depth, in main flow. Dominant aquatic plants were submerged Potamogeton amplifolium, & many other species dying back for the autumn. Capture was by hand. Cover checked included rocks. Road hunting was just around the bridge.

10) (same location) 95/142/b, Castor canadensis (Beaver) (Mammal). present adult, tracks, scat. much digging, burrows, feces, but creek not impounded.

11) (same location) 95/142/c, Mustela vison (Mink) (Mammal). 1 adult, dead, seen. maggoty carcase on shore below bridge, perhaps DOR.

12) (same location) 95/142/d, Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) (Mammal). present adult, scat. droppings, but no shell piles.

13) (same location) 95/142/e, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). few call, heard. some high-pitched calling.

14) (same location) 95/142/f, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). few juvenile, seen, DOR. along creek & DOR.

15) (same location) 95/142/g, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). few juvenile, seen, DOR. along creek & DOR.

16) (same location) 95/142/h, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). few juvenile, seen, DOR. many DOR, vegetation popping with juvs.

17) (same location) 95/142/i, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). 1 adult, DOR. old fragments of large ad. Also a couple of predator-opened turtle nests, probably Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle), on the edge of the road.

18) (same location) 95/142/j, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, DOR. large fresh crushed ad.

19) (same location) 95/142/k, Cambaridae (Crayfish) (Crayfish). 1 adult, found dead, specimen. cheliped on bottom, none under turned stones.

20) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00528, 95/142/l, Lampsilis cf ovata () (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. old M valves, larger 128 mm, includes some smaller shells. Wayne Grimm suggested that these might be Actinonaias.

21) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00489, 95/142/m, Pyganodon grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 1+ mature, grav, shell, specimen. 120 mm F, sample of glochidia, plus shell fragments. Sample of glochidia not with shells - August 2005.

22) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00533, 95/142/n, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 9 adult, shell, specimen. 1 alive, 3 fresh, 4 old pairs, 1 valve, largest 93 mm, 1 very inflated.

23) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00304, 95/142/n, cf Lasmigona compressa (Brook Lasmigona) (Mollusca). 2 adult, shell, specimen. old pairs, largest 75 mm. These may be Elliptio with ripply beak sculpture and flattish teeth. - fws Aug 2005.

moved 4.8 km WNW.
24) Perth: Tay River at Perth Golf Club Road. (100m site(assumed)), 44.89738N 76.25854W TIME: 1630-1700. AIR TEMP: 22 ca, sunset, breezy. HABITAT: rocky stream through marsh, Elm/Oak golf/urban parkland. 95/139/ca, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). 2 juvenile, seen. noted.

25) (same location) 95/139/cb, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). few juvenile, seen. noted.

26) (same location) 95/139/cc, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 mature, seen. very large.

27) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00330, 95/139/ce, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 179/abundant shell, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. big piles along banks, old light eroded shells, largest 104.5 mm. Many of these shells are quite small. The stream here is ca 2 m deep and 30 m wide, through a Typha/Alnus marsh, and with Elms and Burr Oaks dominating the golf/urban parkland on either side.

This is just a sample of the Ondatra piles upstream of the bridge, some of the shells fresh and others quite old.

28) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01125, 95/139/cfa, cf Leptodea ochracea (Delicate Mucket) (Mollusca). 8 shell, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. big piles along banks, old light eroded shells, largest 99.5 mm. Some are so light, and have such reduced teeth, that they appear to be Leptodea fragilis.

29) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00714, 95/139/cfb, Lampsilis radiata SUBSPECIES:siliquoidea (Fat Mucket) (Mollusca). 11 shell, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. big piles along banks, small light shells, largest 69 mm. Most have Lampsilis radiata siliquoidea shape & periostracum.

30) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00291, 95/139/cg, Alasmidonta marginata (Elktoe) (Mollusca). 1 shell, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. eroded 95 mm pair, grew very slowly, ca>40 yrs old. DET_BY:FWS, & FWG, 17 May 2000 - appears in 1995 report as Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell).

31) (same location) *, 95/139/ch, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 35 shell, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. broken as if bitten by Ondatra, largest 35 mm.

32) (same location) *, 95/139/ci, Campeloma decisum (Brown Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 3 shell, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. broken as if bitten by Ondatra, largest 27 mm. These and the Viviparus taken incidently with the unionids.

moved 21.5 km SW.
33) S.Sherbrooke: 1 km NE Althorpe. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.76743N 76.45955W TIME: 1736. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, sunset, breezy. HABITAT: Sugar Maple/Tilia woods, old pastures. 95/139/d, Elaphe obsoleta (Rat snake) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen, AOR. ca 30 cm TL, spotted pattern.

moved 5.0 km W.
34) Bolingbroke. (100m topo map(assumed)), 31C, 44.76004N 76.52216W TIME: 1756-1817. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, sunset, breezy. HABITAT: deciduous woods, rushing rocky stream below dam. 95/139/e, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen. jumping down bank. The only herp noted in wandering around trying to find unionids here, which proved impossible due to the high water level and gradient below the dam, which is on the grounds of a farm.

moved 1.28 km SSE.
35) S end Farrell Lake. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.74922N 76.51670W TIME: 1823-1840. AIR TEMP: 18 ca, sunset, breezy. HABITAT: clearwater lake with Chara/sand bottom, cottage beach. *, 95/143, datasheet (datasheet) (event). natural history, wade. This visit was for OMNR unionid survey. My search for unionids was limited to 1 unoccupied cottage lot by the presence of steely-eyed spectators in the adjacent lot who doubtless found my wading-about-and-picking-up inexplicable. I found no great concentrations of shells or animals. Land ownership is private. The locality is based on topo map & global positioning. The recorded time was Eastern Daylight. The diel period was sunset/dusk. The sky was clear. There was no precipitation. The wind was breeze. Weather for the past 48 hr was unseasonably warm seasonally normal moisture. The terrestrial vegetation was parkland. DOMINANT SPECIES: Populus, Thuja.

Human impact on the site included cottage & scattered residences. Wetlands were represented by fringing Scirpus along lakeshore. Water at the site was permanent natural lake. Water level was seasonally normal. The bottom was sand muck marl. Water quality was clear. Water movement was still. Dominant aquatic plants were submerged Chara (Stonewort) over black muck. Capture was by hand.

36) (same location) 95/143/a, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). 15+ juvenile, seen. along shore, in Scirpus. There were lots of little frogs I couldn't get a good look at, but none that seemed not to be this species; the count is the approximate number I got a good look at.

37) (same location) 95/143/b, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). few call, heard. sporadic calling.

38) (same location) *, 95/143/c, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). abundant shell, dead, drift, specimen. vast piles of shells on bottom & beach, largest 28.6 mm. Also contains a few Helisoma (Ramshorn Snail).

39) (same location) 95/143/d, Chara (Stonewort) (alga). dominant specimen. covers bottom at 1 m depth, over black muck.

40) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00965, 95/143/ea, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 3 juvenile, shell, specimen. 1 small pair, 1 alive, 1 old valve(72 mm).

41) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00513, 95/143/eb, Pyganodon cf cataracta (Eastern Floater) (Mollusca). 6 adult, shell, specimen. 3 alive, 3 fresh pairs, largest 93.5 mm. Beak sculpture ripply or chaotic.

One small Lampsilis radiata (Eastern Lamp-Mussel) removed from sample - Aug 2005.

42) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00544, 95/143/ec, Lampsilis radiata SUBSPECIES:siliquoidea (Fat Mucket) (Mollusca). 8 adult, shell, specimen. 3 pairs, 1 alive, 66 mm, 2 large old pairs, largest 85 mm, 1 old valve. One small pair removed from Pyganodon sample, Aug 2005.


16 January 1996

moved 26.7 km NE.
43) : : : Perth, Hwys 43/7. 31C/16, 44.90986N 76.26428W TIME: 2209. AIR TEMP: .4, overcast, windy. OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler. WAYPT/021, visit () (event). drive. street wet, not much rain falling.


20 April 1996

moved 11.3 km E.
44) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Tay River backwater at Hwy 43, Port Elmsley. (100m wetland(assumed)), 44.89321N 76.12252W TIME: 1455. AIR TEMP: 17, raining. HABITAT: Tay River backwater behind highway, Salix/Acer/Populus woods. OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler, Kate Struthers. 96/046/ea, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) (herp). index 3 mature, call, heard. WAYPT/015, loud chorus. This is the 1 st really big chorus of this species we have heard this yr.

45) (same location) 96/046/eb, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). index 2-3 mature, call, heard. WAYPT/015, some calling, swamped by P. triseriata.


23 July 1996

moved 9.2 km W.
46) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth: Tay Canal, Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89933N 76.23920W TIME: 1402-1417. AIR TEMP: 26, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: deciduous lawnpark woodland, weedy clearwater canal. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. EOBM(MOLL)00542, 96/156/ba, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 6/few shell, specimen. WAYPT/003, 3 pairs, 3 valves, largest 74 mm, in water. I searched the N bank of the canal here and only found these, but the S bank is better habitat for muskrat piles, and should be searched.

47) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00640, 96/156/bb, Lampsilis (Lamp-Mussel) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. old thin 80.5 mm inflated pair with sparse narrow rays.

48) (same location) 96/156/bc, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). several adult, seen. big ads, other Rana splashes seen but not id. .

49) (same location) 96/156/bd, Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) (Mammal). 1 adult, dead, seen. floating in canal, not fresh.

moved 11.1 km WSW.
50) Bathurst: Gamble Sideroad, 1 km E Wemyss. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.87030N 76.37450W TIME: 1445-1452. AIR TEMP: 25, breezy, light rain. HABITAT: 1 m deep, 3 m wide weedy pasture creek. EOBM(MOLL)01320, 96/156/ca, Anodontoides ferussacianus (Cylindrical Floater) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. WAYPT/004, 41.5 mm valve on stones of brige abutment. The creek was too weedy, & the shores too grown up to search, so it was pure good fortune that I found these shells on the bridge abutment. A trace of rain falling.

51) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01321, 96/156/cb, Pyganodon grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. broken pair on stones of brige abutment, trace of rain. Bi-nodular beak sculpture -- more like excavations than nodules.

52) (same location) AIR TEMP: 25, breezy, rainy. 96/156/cc, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). >1? call, heard. few calls.


2 August 1996

moved 5.6 km E.
53) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Tay River bridge/0.8 km SSE Glen Tay. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.87651N 76.30378W TIME: 0844-0859. AIR TEMP: 16.7, overcast, calm. HABITAT: clear river, low weirs, limestone bedrock/sand bottom, in village. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 96/169/ca, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 11 adult, shell, specimen. WAYPT/071, 1 alive, 10 pairs, generally small. This was a quick check while AKS turned the truck around. The clear river runs over low weirs here, and between the little impoundments, over limestone bedrock, chunks of bedrock, gravel and sand. The water level is fairly high today, and I didn't turn any cover.

54) (same location) 96/169/cb, Lampsilis cf ventricosa (Pocket-Book) (Mollusca). 3 shell, specimen. 2 pairs, 1 valve, same light shells as in Perth(95/139/cfa).

55) (same location) 96/169/cc, Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake) (herp). 1 female, grav, seen. on roadside, a movement in wateredge veg. likely also this sp.

56) (same location) 96/169/cd, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 adult, seen. big ad.

moved 0.84 km NNW.
57) Glen Tay (settlement). (50m waypoint), 44.88318N 76.30874W TIME: 0909. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, overcast. WAYPT/072, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/072, a straggling settlement around river, road, & tracks.


23 August 1996

moved 14.7 km E.
58) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Highway 43/Port Elmsley. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89323N 76.12259W TIME: 1650-1656. AIR TEMP: 25 ca, sunny. HABITAT: herbed-over dry channel, Salix/Acer/Populus woods. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 96/187/ba, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 3 juvenile, seen. WAYPT/002, on roadside rattling with Melanoplus.

59) (same location) 96/187/bb, Storeria occipitomaculata (Redbelly Snake) (herp). 1 adult, under cover, seen. redbrown dorsum, under. old campaign sign on grassy roadside.

moved 10.8 km W.
60) Perth: Highway 43/Co Road 6. (50m waypoint), 44.90553N 76.25849W TIME: 1709. OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler. WAYPT/003, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/003, ref to Damianno after diversion to Balderson.

moved 13.7 km SW.
61) Bathurst: Tay R/Co Road 6. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.82355N 76.38860W TIME: 1754-1832. AIR TEMP: 25 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: fast deep clear granite/boulder/gravel/muck river. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Jennifer Helene Schueler. 96/187/ca, Orconectes (Orconectes) (Crayfish). 1 dead, shell, seen. WAYPT/004, no cover turned, 2 chelipeds seen on bottom.

62) (same location) 96/187/cb, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). many juvenile, seen. on roadside.

63) (same location) 96/187/cc, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen. on shore.

64) (same location) 96/187/cd, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, female, DOR. big, crushed, dry.

65) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01221, 96/187/ce, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 27/abundant adult, shell, specimen. 10 alive, 20/sg. m in places below bridge. 13 pairs, 4 valves, largest 92 mm.

This concentration was in soil-like sediment between the strong main current and the deep-drifted loose muck of a marshy backwater NE of the bridge. In the strong current the clams were just scattered among the rocks.

66) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01222, 96/187/cf, Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell) (Mollusca). 3 adult, shell, specimen. 1 alive, 1 pair, larger 120 mm. A distorted specimen seen alive was alive was probably this species.

67) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01223, 96/187/cg, Lampsilis radiata SUBSPECIES:siliquoidea (Fat Mucket) (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. old female pairs, larger 64 mm.

68) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01224, 96/187/ch, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 4/abundant adult, shell, specimen. all over bottom, bigger ones selected. Sample includes a fishing lure.

69) (same location) 96/187/ci, Chara (Stonewort) (alga). 4/abundant thallus, specimen. few plants at edge of main current. Most aquatic vegetation here is beds of Elodea and Potamogeton.

70) (same location) 96/187/cj, Micropterus (Micropterus sp.) (fish). many adult, seen. fish seem >fearless due to >>current or angling sanctuary. Despite the 'Fish Sanctuary' there was a spoon lure lodged on a stick in the water, and a boat of anglers drifted past.
LIST: Micropterus dolomieui (Smallmouth Bass), abundant, 15-25 cm, croding around whenever bottom disturbed;
Micropterus salmoides (Largemouth Bass), 1 large ad seen;
Lepomis (Sunfish), many.

moved 10.8 km SW.
71) 1.5 km SW Althorpe (Damiano). (50m waypoint), 44.75308N 76.48244W TIME: 1918. AIR TEMP: 23, clear. HABITAT: oldfield vacation site, WPine woods, excavated pond. OBSERVER: . WAYPT/005, arrival () (event). drive. WAYPT/005, parked the trailer here for the night. (LONG_UTM=18 T 0382629 4956369) "From: sustain at web. net (Mike Nickerson (Sustainability Project) Subject: The weekend of the 24 th & 25 th. It didn't occur to me last night to tell you about the get together that is happening on our land West of Perth next weekend. It is a family gathering, bring your own tent & food, cooking facilities are provided. It evolved out of a Council of all Beings held in Ottawa last spring. The organizers wanted to have a resonent event for children to be held out of the city. The focus will be casually revolving around the interconnectedness of all things with creative intent and art materials on hand. For more details, either come along or call Randi Cherry of the Ottawa Organiz Food Group at 270-0606. If you are interested I can give you directions for finding Damiano. Let me know. Yours, Mike Nickerson"

72) (same location) TIME: 1920-2030. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, clear. OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler. 96/188/aa, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). abundant adult, juvenile, female, captured, seen. big F captured at arrival, juveniles in grass. No anuran calling heard overnight. Lots of these and small aquatic Rana (True Frog) seen around pond by JHS on 24 August.

73) (same location) 96/188/ab, Bufo americanus (American Toad) (herp). 1 juvenile, captured, seen. in firepit.


24 August 1996

moved 0.05 km SSW.
74) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: 1.5 km SW Althorpe. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.75267N 76.48262W TIME: 1024. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. ROUTE: Co Road 6, lost, Highway 7, 509, Ardoch, Hy 506, 41, complex return. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. rangerlog, departure (departure) (event). natural history, drive. 171481 km, to Upper Mississippi drainage for unionids. WAYPT/008 (LONG_UTM=18 T 0382614 4956324)

moved 5.9 km NE.
75) Co Road 6/3.6 km SSW Christie Lake(settlement). (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.79319N 76.43403W TIME: 1038. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: Carex/Lythrum/Nymphaea pond, knolly 2 nd growth, Sumac. 96/188/ca, Thamnophis sauritus (Northern Ribbon Snake) (herp). 1 adult, DOR, specimen. WAYPT/009, 382-548 mm, very fresh.

76) (same location) 96/188/cb, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 adult, DOR. freshly crushed.

moved 3.4 km NE.
77) Co Road 6/1.4 km SE Christie Lake(settlemeent). (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.81099N 76.39912W TIME: 1048. AIR TEMP: 26, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: young Thuja/WPine/Aspen/Paper Birch 2 nd growth, roadside. 96/188/d, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 2/many adult, DOR, seen, active. WAYPT/010, DOR, many in roadside grass & clover. There were lots of Acrids on the roadside on the S side of the road where there were the fewer frogs.

NUMBER/COLOUR/HEAD_SPOTS/SEX/SVL/TIBIA
1)gr, 111, j, 52, -9
2)gr, 111, f, 73, -9

(LONG_UTM=18 T 0389335 4962685)

moved 1.37 km NW.
78) Christie Lake(settlement). (400m settlement(assumed)), 44.82064N 76.40986W TIME: 1057. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: deep rocky clear lake outlet, marsh/cottage shores. 96/188/e, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 3 juvenile, DOR. WAYPT/011, crushed. The Tay River flows out here without riffles (perhaps those we hunted last night are the first); I peered into the water from a low bridge and saw NO:Unionidae

(LONG_UTM=18 T 0388504 4963772)

moved 4.1 km NE.
79) Co Road 6/0.3 km SW Dewitt Corners. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.84224N 76.36739W TIME: 1108. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: pasture/hayfields. 96/188/f, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, female, DOR, specimen. WAYPT/012, very fresh, 480-595 mm, tail slight stub.

moved 0.35 km NE.
80) Dewitt Corners, Co Road 6. (50m waypoint), 44.84439N 76.36415W TIME: 1110. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: village in agricultural area. WAYPT/013, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/013, turned N here (LONG_UTM=18 T 0392162 4966348).


27 December 1996

moved 11.9 km NW.
81) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Bennet Lake. Rd/11.9 km NW Dewitt Corners. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.92273N 76.46696W TIME: 1530. AIR TEMP: -3, overcast. HABITAT: knolly hayfields. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 96/233/a, Plectrophenax nivalis (Snow Bunting) (Bird). 30 ca adult, seen, drive. WAYPT/014, 1 st flock of winter.

moved 16.7 km E.
82) Perth: Tay R at Golf Club. (50m waypoint), 44.89727N 76.25823W TIME: 1556. AIR TEMP: -2.6, overcast. HABITAT: rocky stream through marsh, Elm/Oak golf/urban pkland. WAYPT/015, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/015, river fringed with ice, no piles of unionid shells.


22 February 1997

moved 0.65 km NE.
83) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth. (50m waypoint), 44.90168N 76.25283W TIME: 1345. AIR TEMP: -3.4, snowing. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. WAYPT/071, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/071, getting gas here.


30 April 1997

moved 10.3 km E.
84) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Highway 43, W of Port Elmsley. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89317N 76.12290W TIME: 1519. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: Tay River backwater pond behind highway, Salix/Acer/Populus woods. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 97/065/k, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) (herp). index 3 call, heard, drive. WAYPT/129, big chorus, N side of road, ld wind noise.

moved 4.3 km WNW.
85) Highway 43, 4.5 km WNW Port Elmsley. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.90231N 76.17594W TIME: 1522. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: swampy marshy pasture. 97/065/l, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) (herp). index 3 call, heard, drive. chorus, N side of road, ld wind noise.


15 July 1997

moved 36.5 km W.
86) Canada: Ontario: Frontenac County: Oso: 6 m ENE Claredon Station. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 31C/15, 44.87950N 76.63793W TIME: 1615. AIR TEMP: 29 ca, light overcast, breezy. HABITAT: mixed forest. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Jennifer Helene Schueler, Bill Perry. 97/144/f, Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). 1 adult, female, DOR. WAYPT/050, long dead, big F with elaborate plastral figure. This was the only herp seen on the long winding drive between Elphin and Claredon Station. Wonderfully narrow twisting, freshly gravelled, road through fairly mature mixed forest with lots of Pinus strobus (White Pine).


30 July 1998

moved 31.4 km E.
87) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth: Tay Canal at Last Duel Park. (300m park(assumed)), 31C/16, 44.89956N 76.23976W TIME: 1055. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast, breezy. ROUTE: narrow old canal/urban park/narrow marshy shore. OBSERVER: Aleta Karstad Schueler, Jennifer Helene Schueler, Bev Wigney. 98/188/a, departure (departure) (event). natural history, canoe. WAYPT/A 50, by canoe, upstream, downwind with light breeze. AKS & JHS in Bev Wigney's new canoe, with Tola Cooper, male friend Robin (surname unknown), Janice Dowling & male friend (name unknown) in an RVCA canoe, downstream along the Tay Canal towards the Tay Marsh, while FWS drives to all the bridges over the Tay River between Perth and Christie Lake that he didn't visit last year.

As we set out we pass masses of submerged pondweed, with leaves that touch the surface, trapping tiny plants of duckweed.

Burreed, Sparganium (Bur-reed), along the right bank show spiky green fruiting balls on thick curly stems among tall green leaves, like Cattails, but with a strong mid-vein. I called it Bullrush when asked by one of the paddlers in the RVCA canoe, and the correct name, "Burreed" only came to me half an hour later.

A bank-border of Hybrid Cattails, Typha glauca, which we see a little later, is taller than the Burreed, and holds many chestnut-brown seedheads high among the tips of its leaves.

The feathery leaves of loose masses of cf Coontail, nudged by our paddles, are blurry, clotted with fine olive algae.

Passing the mowed lawns of a park, we admired the pink cumulus tops of Joe Pye Weed, Eupatorium maculatum (Spotted Joe Pye Weed), in bloom along the bank, invaded by scattered spires of Purple Loosestrife in vivid magenta.

moved 0.30 km E.
88) Tay Canal/0.3 km E Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89930N 76.23592W TIME: 1104. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: narrow old canal/campground/narrow marshy shore. 98/188/b, visit () (event). canoe. WAYPT/A 51, paddling steadily along canal. Campground with quiet trailers and a few groups of contented mid-week campers - an idyllic riverside holiday spot. Here we pass our first blooming waterlily, Nymphaea cf odorata (Fragrant White Water-lily), poised like a single ballerina, white pointy petals poised above the broad green dapples of the lily pads. We cruise over masses of submerged pondweed along the right bank while the boat channel is dark and deep on our left.

Sensitive Fern, Onoclea sensibilis (Sensitive Fern), nestles into the banks below candelabras of loosestrife bordering a field on our right, and the left bank is lined with Ash trees and Manitoba Maples, Acer negundo (Manitoba Maple).

moved 0.56 km SE.
89) N.Elmsley: Tay Canal/0.8 km ESE Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89651N 76.23004W TIME: 1113. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: tree-lined narrow old canal. 98/188/c, Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple) (Plant). 8-10 canoe. WAYPT/A 52, continuing past low root & rock-bound muddy banks. These tall Silver Maples stand above their reflections, lacing the rocky bank together with their roots at the edge of a field, and we enter a straight stretch. Bev says it used to be overarched here from the right bank, but we see the round yellow wounds of many stumps facing out toward the river - large ones and clusters of small ones that have all been cut since the ice storm made them lean too far out into the boating channel. These were trees and bushes that shaded the channel, leaning over, draped with grapevines and bittersweet, offering stable handholds for canoeists against the tip and wash of the wakes of motorboats traveling a little faster than they should, bowers for creekside birds and their nests, and sheltered lurking places for muskrats.

Now that much of the overhang has been cleared we can see clearly the wake-lapped grottoes among rocks and roots, and the way the tree roots seem to turn and shelve several centimetres above the water level, leaving wave-space' beneath. The trees on the left bank stand straight, trained not to lean by many years of being trimmed away from boat traffic. This is not a heavily used stretch of the Tay River, and only a few boats pass us as we paddle here today.

Grapevines with bright green clusters of young fruit curtain down from Buckthorn, Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn), and Viburnum bushes. The dark-leaved Buckthorns themselves bear small green berry clusters all along their stems, while Highbush Cranberry's blushing fruit hang in long-stemmed bunches and Prickly Ash with frond-like leaves have their short-thorned stems strung with tufts of tiny, dry, two-part fruits, looking like brownish-red pompoms as we glide past. There is not much in the way of aquatic vegetation here - the river's like a canal between wake-lapped, root-bound banks.

moved 0.42 km SE.
90) Tay Canal/1.2 km ESE Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89404N 76.22605W TIME: 1128. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: marshy/waterlily lagoon off narrow old canal. 98/188/d, Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron) (Bird). adult, canoe, video. WAYPT/A 53, flew across lagoon & landed on snag. A lagoon opens to our right, a field of lily pads in a constellation of white blooms, with a few yellow here and there. The Heron flies across the narrow end, landing in silouette on a tall angular snag.

We pass a little island by the Cattail-lined shore on our return, resplendent with orange-blossomed Impatiens capensis (Spotted Jewelweed), rising up from a flotilla of Hydrocharis morsus-ranae (European Frogbit), with its miniature lilypads and small white blooms. Near the mouth of the lagoon, mats of algae float among the large round lily pads.

91) (same location) TIME: 1135ca. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: rocky bank of tree-lined narrow old canal. 98/188/e, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 55 shell, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. WAYPT/A 53, small pairs. Back into the main channel, (location "d") we poke along the left bank which is rockier than the right, and find open clam shells gleaming from the bottom among stones and Ash tree roots, marking the location of a Muskrat lunch table just above. These clams are all Elliptios, with smooth chestnut brown outsides, a straight-edge, rectangular shape, and pearly insides in various stages of fading from the rich purple of the freshly opened shell. Muskrats open clams by bringing them up on shore, leaving them until they gape in the, then prying the shells apart to eat the meat.

As we continue upstream, a narrow line of trees on our right screen a backwater that parallels the main channel. They have grown up along the old ridge of dredging spoil, brought up when the channel was deepened, and their roots help to stabilize it. A Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red Squirrel) chatters from the woods bordering the backwater.

moved 0.62 km ESE.
92) Tay Canal/1.9 km ESE Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89263N 76.21838W TIME: 1214. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: marshy bank of tree-lined narrow old canal. 98/188/f, <spider> (not listed) (entomological). 1 adult, canoe, video. WAYPT/A 54, in cluster of Typha, with no web. Farther along, clusters of Cattails stand out from the right bank, and on one tall flat leaf I notice a long dark shape which I take to be the cast skin of a mayfly nymph - but what I thought were cerci of its tail are the long straight forelegs of a large narrow spider, in what seemed to me a very un-spider-like posture. Its abdomen is long and narrow too, and turned up slightly at its pointed tip. It carries its prodigious jaws folded like little arms, with elbows sticking out to the sides.

The banks of the Tay are becoming more natural, and the channel more winding. We hear a boat coming slowly and ahead of it a Great Blue Heron comes flapping, close past us. (Video)

moved 0.84 km E.
93) Tay Canal/2.7 km ESE Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89120N 76.20792W TIME: 1245. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: winding marshy channel of old canal. 98/188/ga, Zosterella dubia (Mud Plantain) (Plant). herb, in bloom, canoe. WAYPT/A 55, floating mats in deep(>1 m water), 75% coverage. Masses of this fine-leaved water plant, Water Stargrass, with short, strap-like leaves raise five-petalled yellow stars above the water of the main channel.

Small olive-coloured Damselflies flutter and drift mothlike downwind ahead of us. One or two land on our shirts, and one follows beside the canoe. The left bank becomes a low wall of crushed rock with cairns of stacked limestone slabs marking certain distances,

94) (same location) 98/188/gb, Pandion haliaetus (Osprey) (Bird). 1 adult, seen. WAYPT/A 55, flies directly overhead. Craning our necks, we can make out the white wrist band marks beneath white wings. Ospreys remind me of Eagles - great fishing birds of prey. They are making a comeback since the banning of DDT, which had weakened the shells of their eggs. A female-plumaged Cardinalis cardinalis (Cardinal) flies up to perch atop a snag by the shore.

moved 1.09 km E.
95) Tay Canal/3.7 km ESE Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89302N 76.19435W TIME: 1311. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: narrow old canal mouth, bushy/marshy bank/homesite. 98/188/ha, Tachycineta bicolor (Tree Swallow) (Bird). 2-5 adult, canoe. WAYPT/A 56, scissor the air above the channel. Tree Swallows blunt tails, dark backs and white breasts. A Kingfisher, Ceryle alceon (Belted Kingfisher), clatters a call and swoops up like an arrow to an overarching bough.

We pass a charming stone house and garden - the old Lockmaster's House, with hardened shore. A short space later we paddled by a family fishing on a point and found ourselves in vast cattail marshes and a big space of open water - Tay Marsh, and time to turn around.

96) (same location) 98/188/hb, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 14 shell, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. WAYPT/A 56, 8 pairs, 6 valves, all old, pile submerged.

97) (same location) TIME: 1320. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast, light rain. 98/188/hm, Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake) (herp). 2 adult, bask, pencil. WAYPT/A 56, in garden of lockmaster's house. On our way back we stopped by the canoe of members of our party who were visiting two very large Water Snakes, coiled comfortably together on the river wall at the foot of the stone house garden. We watched the snakes and the snakes watched us, and when the first canoe left, we pulled close and I did a pencil sketch. Then it began to rain a little and we paddled back without stopping or taking further notes.

moved 0.37 km W.
98) Tay Canal/3.3 km ESE Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89350N 76.19906W TIME: 1353. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: rocky shore of tree-lined narrow old canal. EOBM(MOLL)00784, 98/188/i, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 135 shell, adult, prey of predator, specimen. WAYPT/A 57, 9 pairs, 3 valves, largest 71 mm. A big midden under water by flat limestone slab at cairn. Pile under overhanging tree, ca 1 m in diameter, in shallow water.

Another sample with this number has 115 pairs, 3 alive, and 5 valves. -- March 2006.

moved 3.3 km W.
99) Perth: Tay Canal at Last Duel Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89921N 76.23977W TIME: 1509. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: narrow old canal/urban park/narrow marshy shore. 98/188/j, arrival () (event). natural history, canoe. WAYPT/A 58, return to starting point. We had a light headwind and spattering of rain under lowering skies as we returned, JHS covered herself in the bow as AKS paddled amidships, and the sleek kevlar craft sped back to the landing.

moved 1.46 km W.
100) Tay R at Perth Golf Club Road. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89726N 76.25812W TIME: 1115-1146. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: rocky stream through marsh, Elm/Oak golf/urban pkland. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 98/184/ba, Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen, bask. WAYPT/088, ca 800 mm TL ad on bridge abutment, reddish colour. This individual was positioned as if it were basking, but there's no sunlight available.

101) (same location) 98/184/bb, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). several adult, seen. large ads close to shore.

102) (same location) 98/184/bc, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). several juvenile, seen. small juvs on shore.

103) (same location) 98/184/bd, Columba livia (Rock Pigeon) (Bird). 20 ca adult, egg, nest, seen. nesting under. bridge, 3-egg nest within hand reach. There's the usual litter of droppings and eggshells on the bottom under the bridge, and at least one nest was within easy reach as I climbed around under the bridge looking for evidence of clams.

104) (same location) 98/184/be, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). common adult, seen. alage-darkened large ads dotting stones under bridge. NO:Dreissena polymorpha noted, and NO:Orconectes under several stones turned. Certainly there aren't a lot of Crayfish here, as the periphyton has an ungrazed appearance, but the piled stones under the bridge provide a multi-layer refuge.

105) (same location) 98/184/bf, Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) (Mammal). present scat, seen. droppings on rocks at waters edge. The lack of new piles of Unionid shells here is in striking contrast to 1995, but I also stopped here once last year and didn't see any new shells then.

106) (same location) 98/184/bg, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 6 shell, seen. small old pairs, may date to 1995 piles.

107) (same location) 98/184/bh, Lampsilis radiata (Eastern Lamp-Mussel) (Mollusca). 1 shell, seen. small old pair, may date to 1995 piles.

108) (same location) 98/184/bi, Lampsilis cf ovata () (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. light pair, freshest Unionid shell found. It looks like Ondatra is no longer catching clams here, and with overcast and high water level (though this may be regulated) there's no way of finding clams beyond the rocks piled around the bridge.

moved 1.6 km WNW.
109) Bathurst: Co Road 6/Tay River tributary, 2 km W Perth. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.90147N 76.27805W TIME: 1203. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: slow deep brownwater creek, Lythrum/Typha pasture. 98/185/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/089, water too deep & brown to search for Unionidae.

moved 3.4 km SW.
110) Tay R at Glen Tay bridge. (100m site(assumed)), 44.87651N 76.30397W TIME: 1215. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: clear river, low weirs, limestone bedrock/sand bottom, in village. 98/185/b, visit () (event). natural history, wade. WAYPT/090, water too high to search for Unionidae. The place to hunt for clams here is upstream of the riffles that pass under the bridge, above the old mill dam.

moved 1.17 km SE.
111) Grant Crk/1.2 km SE Glen Tay. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.87020N 76.29213W TIME: 1232-1308. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: clear rock-bottom creek below Beaver dam. 98/186/, datasheet (datasheet) (event). natural history, wade. WAYPT/091. This visit for EOBM Unionid survey. DATASHEET SUMMARY: Land ownership is private. The locality is based on road map global positioning (#91). The recorded time was Eastern Daylight. The diel period was midday. The sky was overcast, sun obscured. Precipitation was a trace of light rain. The wind was breeze, Beaufort 2-3 Force from the W. Weather for the past 48 hr was seasonally normal temperatures unseasonably wet. The site was on plain. Bedrock was not exposed. Soil moisture was at field capacity. The terrestrial vegetation was coniferous deciduous (Thuja/Populus) forest with severe icestorm damage. Human impact on the site included pasturing (ca 15 yr ago), currently scattered residences.

Site wetlands were limited to marhy banks of creek. Development stage of Typha glauca, was nearly mature seedheads. Water at the site was permanent natural brook/ creek. Water level was high. The bottom was boulders cobbles gravel sand mud branches and logs. Water quality was clear. Spaces under rocks were clear of sediment gravelly. Water movement was medium fast. I worked the creek from just below the bridge to about 70 m below a Beaver dam (seemingly enhanced by human-piled rocks, and a boat) that impounds it upstream of the bridge. WIDTH: 8-10 m MAX. DEPTH: 1 m DEPTHS SAMPLED: 0-1 m. Dominant aquatic plants were floating-leaved Potamogeton (Pondweed) --- 90% cover above bridge, and many other species. Capture was by hand. Cover checked included flat rocks round rocks.

112) (same location) 98/186/a, Rana cf clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). few adult, seen, heard. 1 large ad, and calls of juves jumping into water. None seen clearly.

113) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)00783, 98/186/b, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 9/common adult, shell, specimen, seen. 9 pairs, largest 76.4 mm, & many living above bridge. Only purple-nacred shells kept, older ones discarded. No other Unionids seen.

114) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W.Schueler. 98/186/c, Orconectes cf rusticus (Rusty Crayfish) (Crayfish). 2 adult, specimen. sluggish, under. stones, the only Crayfish seen. To OFAH RUSTY CRAYFISH DATABASE (March 2007):PROBABLE (examine specimen)

115) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 98/186/d, Lymnaea stagnalis (Great Pond Snail) (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. probably washed down from Beaver pond above.

116) (same location) 98/186/e, Sphaeriidae () (Mollusca). few shell, specimen. probably washed down from Beaver pond above. Many of these on the bottom, but only a few picked up with the Elliptios.

moved 2.1 km WSW.
117) Tay R/Bowles Side Road, 1.9 km SSW Glen Tay. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.86107N 76.31503W TIME: 1326-1408. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast, light rain. HABITAT: clear broken-rock river below fallen dam/farm & woods. 98/185/ca, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). 2 juvenile, seen. WAYPT/092, small juvs on bank.

118) (same location) 98/185/cb, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). 1 adult, seen. large ad buried in silty muck below Decadon in backwater. Only the left hind foot and the base of the tail was visible: this turtle was wedged right into the muck of this bank, and only pulled the foot in a little when prodded with a stick. Seen twice, at ca 1335 and 1400 hr, in the same position.

119) (same location) 98/185/cc, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 2 shell, captured. small old pairs, not kept. Between the terrific volume of clear but turbulent water, and the coarse pale broken rocks making upo the bottom, it's very hard to look for Unionids here. I suspect that these shells may have come from upstream above the old mill dam, but getting past the dam will require lower water levels.

120) (same location) 98/185/cd, Ligumia recta (Black Sand-Shell) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. old eroded valve.

121) (same location) 98/185/ce, cf Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. old eroded hinge fragment.

moved 4.1 km SW.
122) Tay R/1.5 km SE Dewitt Corners. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.83493N 76.35137W TIME: 1423. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, light rain, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: slow clear river, bed streaming with Green Algae. 98/185/d, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/093, implausible to seek Unionidae with high water & rain.

moved 1.19 km NE.
123) Tay R/Noonan Side Road, 1.9 km E Dewitt Corn. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.84221N 76.34032W TIME: 1439. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: bouldery rapids in clear river below old mills. 98/185/e, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/094, can't seek Unionidae, but with quite mature forest. The woods here contain
LIST: Fagus,
Tilia,
Betula alleghaniensis (Yellow Birch),
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple),
Thuja occidentalis (Eastern White Cedar).

moved 3.1 km SW.
124) Tay R/Con Road 2, 2.1 km SSW Dewitt Corners. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.82664N 76.37316W TIME: 1451-1520. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. HABITAT: clear sand/gravel/boulder bed river. 98/187/aa, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). 1 nest nest, prey of predator, seen, specimen. WAYPT/095, big nest opened at SE corner of bridge. Shell fragments from Unionid sample.

125) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W.Schueler. 98/187/ab, Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish) (Crayfish). 1 adult, dead, specimen. the only Crayfish seen, despite turning sev stones. To OFAH RUSTY CRAYFISH DATABASE (March 2007):CONFIRMED

126) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. EOBM(MOLL)01427, 98/187/ac, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 4/abundant adult, shell, specimen. many alive, few recently dead, 4 pairs, largest 80 mm picked up. Only shells collected. This is the best place I've seen for clams today.

127) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01425, 98/187/ad, Ligumia recta (Black Sand-Shell) (Mollusca). 2+1 adult, shell, specimen. 2 old eroded pairs, larger 136 mm, 1 larger alive.

128) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01424, 98/187/ae, Lampsilis (Lamp-Mussel) (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. 2 old light pairs, lgr 127 mm.

129) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01423, 98/187/af, Strophitus undulatus (Squaw-Foot) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. light 69 mm pair.

130) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01426, 98/187/ag, Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell) (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. old 100 mm pair, smaller hinge fragment. Both very coarsely corrugated.

131) (same location) 98/187/ah, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. not abundant, old shell picked up, not saved.

moved 2.2 km NNE.
132) Dewitt Corners. (50m waypoint), 44.84500N 76.36352W TIME: 1527. AIR TEMP: 21 ca, overcast. WAYPT/096, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/096, co-ords not used, site already in gazetteer.


14 August 1999

moved 6.3 km NE.
133) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Tay River, 0.4 km ENE Glen Tay. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.87853N 76.29907W TIME: 1153. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, light overcast, breezy. HABITAT: slow clear river with grazed shore. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Jennifer Helene Schueler, EOBM field trip party. 99/141/b, Mollusca () (Mollusca). shell, drift, specimen. WAYPT/034, floating drift.

moved 0.82 km NNE.
134) Tay River, 1.2 km NE Glen Tay. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.88517N 76.29466W TIME: 1236. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, light overcast, breezy. HABITAT: grazed mixed Sugar Maple woods along slow clear river. 99/141/ca, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). many juvenile, seen. WAYPT/035, many juvs on shore.

135) (same location) 99/141/cb, Carpinus caroliniana (Blue Beech) (Plant). 1 tree, seen. scraggly 8 cm DBH tree.

136) (same location) 99/141/cc, Ostrya virginiana (Hop-Hornbeam) (Plant). 1 tree, seen. scraggly 10 cm DBH tree.

moved 0.17 km SW.
137) Tay River, 1.1 km NE Glen Tay. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.88431N 76.29637W TIME: 1338. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, light overcast, breezy. HABITAT: marshy shore of slow clear river. 99/141/da, Ligumia recta (Black Sand-Shell) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. WAYPT/036, very eroded old 140 mm pair.

138) (same location) 99/141/db, Lampsilis (Lamp-Mussel) (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. fresh 85 mm valve & old smaller valve.

139) (same location) 99/141/dc, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 6 shell, specimen. all old & eroded, 2 pairs, 2 valves, 2 fragments, largest 110 mm.

moved 1.05 km SW.
140) Bathurst: Glen Tay at Tay River bridge. (100m site(assumed)), 44.87651N 76.30397W TIME: 1500-1520. AIR TEMP: 20, light overcast, breezy. HABITAT: marshy shore of slow clear river. 99/141/fa, Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake) (herp). 4-6 adult, seen, bask. large FF basking on island below bridge & on hardened shore.

141) (same location) 99/141/fb, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. fairly fresh 61 mm pair.


3 May 2001

moved 14.4 km E.
142) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Elmsley North: Highway 43/Port Elmsley. 44.89249N 76.12293W TIME: 1144. AIR TEMP: 27 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: Tay River backwater pond N of highway, Salix/Acer/Populus woods. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. FWS/2001/May/003, Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) (Mammal). 1 adult, DOR, drive. WAYPT/K 076, 1 small DOR Ondatra. Another pond E of Port Elmsley should be listened at as well.

moved 4.3 km WNW.
143) Highway 43, 4.5 km WNW Port Elmsley. (50m waypoint), 44.90186N 76.17631W TIME: 1148ca. AIR TEMP: 27 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: brushy oldfields on rolling ground. WAYPT/K 075, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/K 075, obvious Chorus Frog habitat.

moved 5.8 km W.
144) Perth: Tay River, Perth City Park. (50m waypoint(assumed)), 44.89748N 76.25015W TIME: 1159-1235. AIR TEMP: 29.5, sunny, windy. HABITAT: rocky river/urban park & residential, riffles & deep water below canal-weir, water 19.5 C. EOBM(MOLL)01490, FWS/2001/May/002/a, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 13/abundant shell, adult, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. WAYPT/A 002, 10 pairs, 3 valves, most small, largest 113.5 mm. Few alive; abundant in predators' shell pile, most shells old, fresher ones preferentially collected.

145) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01491, FWS/2001/May/002/aa, Strophitus undulatus (Squaw-Foot) (Mollusca). 1 shell, adult, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. hinge fragment of large shell. Initially thought to be Alasmidonta marginata (Elktoe), but hinge morphology and posterior shape argue against this.

146) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01489, FWS/2001/May/002/b, Lampsilis radiata (Eastern Lamp-Mussel) (Mollusca). 21/common shell, adult, prey of predator, Muskrat shell pile, specimen. 11 pairs, 9 valves, 1 fragment, elongate, largest 99 mm,. With narrow dark rays. Many in predators' shell pile, most shells old, fresh ones prefreentially collected. Most of these have narrow dark green rays, few male-like shells, unlike any Lampsilis (Lamp-Mussel) I've seen in the Tay above the dams - and below Perth Aleta found only Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio)!

147) (same location) FWS/2001/May/002/c, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). few shell, adult, specimen. few shells and animals, not abundant here.

148) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01492, FWS/2001/May/002/d, Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. deeply corrugated 93 mm fresh pair in riffle below weir.

149) (same location) FWS/2001/May/002/e, Orconectes virilis (Northern Crayfish) (Crayfish). 2 adult, dead, found dead. inc. 1 38.6 mm Form II M , with abdominal flesh wasted away. Specimens not saved, and no stones turned to look for Crayfish.

150) (same location) FWS/2001/May/002/f, Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen, active. ca 65 cm ad in shallow water among Rana catesbeiana.

151) (same location) FWS/2001/May/002/g, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). several adult, seen, active. medium-sized ads & small juvs. 1 ca 100 mm SVL, very pale yellow green M, in shallows near Sternotherus, also many others about this size, and numerous juveniles; but not looked at closely, so some may have been Green Frogs.

152) (same location) FWS/2001/May/002/h, Sternotherus odoratus (Stinkpot) (herp). 1 adult, male, active, captured, photo. at waters edge, PL 81.3 mm, leeches, plastral scute eroded. . . . in mucky Acer platinoides & other Acer leaf litter just upstream of heavily bouldered walled bank, below house lawn and above deep water. It seemed to be just at water's surface when disturbed, grabbed by hand. Male by cloaca position, post-cloacal tail only 15 mm, not aggressive to handling, but not reclusive in the shell either.

2 clusters of ca 100 tiny Leeches at base of each hind leg (perhaps gradually falling off as we hold the Turtle out of water), and one larger (2 cm contracted) gold & dark patterned Leech on shell.

Measurements: PL 81.3 mm, CL: 166.8, max CW 72.8 mm, PW ant of bridge 36.2, post of bridge 30.25 mm, algae on carapace, plastron & bridge scutes eroded away to pink bone along midline and sutures. AKS photos.

153) (same location) TIME: 1400. AIR TEMP: 29.5, sunny, windy. FWS/2001/May/002/i, Mollusca () (Mollusca). shell, dead, specimen. mixed shelly rubble from bottom of river. Just as we left I scooped up some bottom rubble from tributary branch here most are very old shells, dominated by Sphaeriids - the absence of Bithynia is striking in comparison with Rideau.


7 May 2001

moved 10.0 km E.
154) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Elmsley North: Highway 43/Port Elmsley. 44.89249N 76.12293W TIME: 2609-2615. AIR TEMP: 12, clear, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Tay River backwater pond N of highway, Salix/Acer/Populus woods. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2001/082/aa, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). 1-2 call, heard. WAYPT/K 076, 1-2 calling loudly but intermittantly, full Moon. Based on K 076 OHS 247149 LANA:Elmsley North:Hwy 43/Port Elmsley 18 VE 113714 20 Apr 1996, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog): calling, WAYPT/015, loud chorus FWS, AKS, JHS, KS

155) (same location) 2001/082/ab, Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) (Bird). 1 call, heard. drumming, bright full Moon.

156) (same location) 2001/082/ac, Branta canadensis (Canada Goose) (Bird). 1 call, heard. calling for a while, bright full Moon.


27 May 2001

moved 10.3 km W.
157) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth: Perth. (2km radius town), 44.90168N 76.25283W TIME: 1500. AIR TEMP: 23 ca, sunny, cloudy, breezy. HABITAT: city. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2001/093/c, Chaetura pelagica (Chimney Swift) (Bird). several heard, drive. noted overhead.

moved 2.6 km WNW.
158) Highway 509/2.6 km WNW Perth. (50m waypoint), 44.91403N 76.28055W TIME: 1509. AIR TEMP: 23 ca, sunny, cloudy, breezy. HABITAT: Salix/Typha wetland near bridge. 2001/093/d, Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). 1 adult, female, AOR, captured. WAYPT/26 A, 145 mm PL, HEADING:ENE, faint smudgedplastral fig. .


26 July 2001

moved 6.3 km E.
159) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Highway 43, 4 km ENE Perth. (50m waypoint), 44.90619N 76.20071W TIME: 1005. AIR TEMP: 19 ca. HABITAT: roadside limestone barrens. OBSERVER: . 2001/139/b, Falco spavarius (Kestrel) (Bird). 1 juvenile, DOR, specimen. WAYPT/024, M plumage, picked up fresh, but flyblown bfr prep.

moved 28.0 km SW.
160) Bathurst: Damiano, 3.0 km ESE Bolingbroke. (50m waypoint), 44.75351N 76.48194W TIME: 1046. AIR TEMP: 19, sunny, windy. HABITAT: homestead on steeply-knolly Shield oldfields/woodland. OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler. WAYPT/025, arrival () (event). business, drive. WAYPT/025, for FINH organizational meeting. This is Mike Nickerson's place, 10.9 km NW Westport.

moved 0.09 km SE.
161) Damiano Pond, 3.1 km ESE Bolingbroke. (50m waypoint), 44.75292N 76.48109W TIME: 1337. AIR TEMP: 19, sunny, windy. HABITAT: 40 x 20 m recently excavated pond, steeply-knolly Shield oldfields/2 nd growth woods. 2001/139/ca, Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). 6 adult, seen, bask. WAYPT/026, smallish ads on shoreline logs.

162) (same location) 2001/139/cb, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 2 adult, seen. small ads.

163) (same location) OBSERVER: Mike Nickerson -- communicated to: Frederick W. Schueler. 2001/139/cc, Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen. large ad said to be around today.

164) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler, Mike Nickerson. 2001/139/cd, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). few adult, call, heard. few calls, no tadpoles seen aft Lontra fed here last fall. There are NO:Unionidae here, and few fish besides a few small Cyprinidae - and there's no connection to outside waters, as the 10 x 50 m Potamogeton (Pondweed) -weedy ditch that runs off from the pond doesn't lead anywhere.

165) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler. 2001/139/ce, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). few adult, seen. few around pond.

moved 0.09 km NW.
166) Bathurst: Damiano, 3.0 km ESE Bolingbroke. (50m waypoint), 44.75351N 76.48194W TIME: 1353. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: homestead on steeply-knolly Shield oldfields/woodland. 2001/139/cf, Danaus plexippus (Monarch Butterfly) (entomological). 1 mature, seen. looks freshly emerged, on Asclepias syriaca.

167) (same location) TIME: 1404. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, sunny, windy. 2001/139/cg, Elaphe obsoleta (Rat snake) (herp). 2 adult, shed, seen. 2 ca 1.4 m shed skins in rafters of outhouse.

moved 3.0 km WNW.
168) Bolingbroke at intersection. (50m waypoint), 31C/15, 44.75891N 76.51937W TIME: 1548. AIR TEMP: 22 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: clear coarse cobble stream in steep valley in village. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. WAYPT/029, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/029, NO:Unionidae visible in Tay River here.

moved 2.7 km NE.
169) Tay R/Co Road 36. (50m waypoint), 31C/16, 44.77651N 76.49561W TIME: 1551-1600. AIR TEMP: 22 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: rocky brownwater river in Typha marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler. EOBM(MOLL)01279, 2001/140/ba, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 3/few adult, shell, specimen. WAYPT/030, scattered shells at >1 m depth, 1 alive, 3 pairs taken. Largest 77 mm, live-taken one not found March 2006.

170) (same location) 2001/140/bb, Orconectes (Orconectes) (Crayfish). 1 adult, shell, seen. large ad, either O. virilis or O. rusticus.

moved 10.2 km WSW.
171) Oso: Crowe Lake, Oso municipal beach. (50m waypoint), 31C/10, 44.73188N 76.60785W TIME: 1617-1632. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: boatlaunch/pocket bathing beach, clear cottagey sandy lake. OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler, +. 2001/141/aa, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). several yearling, seen. WAYPT/031, in 3 m band of vegetation between water & woods.

172) (same location) 2001/141/ab, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen. near dock.

173) (same location) 2001/141/ac, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen. ca 90 mm ad near dock.

174) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01276, 2001/141/ad, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 6 shell, specimen. few shells on bottom, largest 66 mm. 2 old pairs, 3 fresh pairs, 1 fresh valve.

175) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01277, 2001/141/ae, Pyganodon grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 4 shell, specimen. few shells on bottom, largest 93.5 mm, inflated shells. Beak sculpture eroded away.

176) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01278, 2001/141/af, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 1/common shell, specimen. shells in drift-some ads with periostracum eroded away. These had the periostracum completely eroded away - yet they are still alive. Only 1 21 mm shell collected.

177) (same location) 2001/141/ag, Orconectes propinquus () (Crayfish). 2 adult, seen, captured. small. 1 captured., very green, faint abdom. band, 1 carapace in drift.

moved 0.08 km NE.
178) Crowe Lake(settlement) at store. (50m waypoint), 44.73230N 76.60704W TIME: 1711. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, sunny, windy. OBSERVER: Frederick W., Aleta Karstad, & Jennifer H. Schueler. WAYPT/032, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/032.

moved 0.20 km ENE.
179) Crowe L(settlement) at intersection. (50m waypoint), 44.73286N 76.60463W TIME: 1712. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, sunny, windy. WAYPT/033, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/033.


30 September 2001

moved 33.0 km NE.
180) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth: Tay River, 0.7 km WNW Perth. (50m waypoint), 31C/16, 44.90313N 76.26170W TIME: 1227. HABITAT: under old wooden bridge in dead-end creek tributary. OBSERVER: Bev Wigney. EOBM(MOLL)01343, nfn, Pyganodon cf grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. 44*54.188'N 76*15.702'W, fresh 111 mm valve, beak eroded.

moved 0.22 km ESE.
181) Tay River, 0.5 km W Perth(upsteam). (50m waypoint), 44.90222N 76.25923W TIME: 1255. HABITAT: Muskrat(?) feeding spot in muck. EOBM(MOLL)01344, Bag 3/a, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 14 shell, specimen. 44*54.133'N 76*15.554'W, 13 pairs, 1 fragment, largest 65.5 mm.

182) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01345, Bag 3/b, Lampsilis radiata (Eastern Lamp-Mussel) (Mollusca). 3 shell, specimen. 44*54.133'N 76*15.554'W, weakly rayed pairs, larger 68 mm. Plus fragments of a valve stepped on by Bev's Dog.

183) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01346, Bag 3/c, cf Leptodea ochracea (Delicate Mucket) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. 44*54.133'N 76*15.554'W, 46 mm pair with strong beak sculpture.

moved 0.28 km S.
184) Tay River, 0.5 km WSW Perth(upsteam). (50m waypoint), 44.89972N 76.25898W TIME: 1309. HABITAT: in muck 3 m from shore. EOBM(MOLL)01347, Bag 4/a, cf Leptodea ochracea (Delicate Mucket) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. 44*53.983'N 76*15.539'W, 84 mm pair.

185) (same location) EOBM(MOLL)01348, Bag 4/b, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. 44*53.983'N 76*15.539'W, 59 mm pair.


22 May 2003

moved 1.7 km ESE.
186) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Co Rds 11/10, 1.4 km SE Perth. (50m waypoint), 44.89237N 76.24057W TIME: 0929:46. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Jennifer Helene Schueler, Corey Wood. WAYPT/058 F, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/058 F, following directions to farm.

moved 4.1 km S.
187) Roblyn Eyre Farms/5.2 km S Perth. (50m waypoint), 44.85556N 76.24612W TIME: 0937-1045. AIR TEMP: 12 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: mixed nursery/farm on rollong Shield-edge. 2003/073/e, Corvus corax (Raven) (Bird). 2 adult, call, heard, seen. WAYPT/059 F, heard overhead. Listened for Birds, while JHS dickered for fowl. The wild Bird calls were mixed and confused by the vocalizations of domestic Felis catus (Domestic Cat), Gallus, Pavo, Meleagris, and Anser, but I did hear the following meagre
LIST: Corvus brachyrhynchos (Crow),
Sayonis phoebe,
Turdus migratorius (Robin),
Agelaius phoenicius,
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay),
Sturnus vulgaris (Starling),
Parus atricapillus (Blackcap Chickadee).


2005ca

moved 12.5 km WSW.
188) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: T 05, Tay R at #438 Althorpe Rd(Pauline Clark). (150m alg river), 44.82046N 76.39631W AIR TEMP: 24, sunny, Beaufort gentle breeze. HABITAT: slow sandy river between lawn & swampy Red Maple shores. OBSERVER: Pauline Clark -- communicated to: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/192/g, Sternotherus odoratus (Stinkpot) (herp). 1 adult, specimen. shell, 90 mm PL, fd on shore here ca 4 yrs before Aug 2009. . . . when presented to AKS & FWS.


26 April 2006

moved 23.0 km ENE.
189) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Tay River backwater at Hwy 43, Port Elmsley. (100m wetland(assumed)), 44.89321N 76.12252W TIME: 2012-2029. AIR TEMP: 7, light overcast, Beaufort gentle breeze. HABITAT: Tay River backwater behind highway, Salix/Acer/Populus woods. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Jennifer Helene Schueler, Rory Tanner. 2006/074/eb, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) (herp). index 2 call, heard. small chorus, trace of rain.

190) (same location) TIME: 2043-2044. AIR TEMP: 7, light overcast, Beaufort gentle breeze. 2006/074/ea, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). index 3 call, heard. chorus, trace of rain.


26 May 2006

191) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Tay River backwater at Hwy 43, Port Elmsley. (100m wetland(assumed)), 44.89321N 76.12252W TIME: 2125-2127. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, overcast, calm. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2006/091/fa, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). index 1 call, heard. few calling.

192) (same location) 2006/091/fb, Hyla versicolor (Tetraploid Gray Treefrog) (herp). index 3 call, heard. huge surging chorus.


25 June 2006

193) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Tay River backwater at Hwy 43, Port Elmsley. (100m wetland(assumed)), 44.89321N 76.12252W TIME: 2141-2145. AIR TEMP: 22.5, clear, calm. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2006/122/f, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). index 1 call, heard. few calling, water & traffic noise. AIR_Temp while driving along at 21h39.


19 July 2006

moved 10.7 km W.
194) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth: Tay R at Perth Golf Club Road. (50m ard brifge), 44.89726N 76.25812W TIME: 1131-1135. HABITAT: rocky stream through marsh, Elm/Oak golf/urban pkland. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler, Jamie Proctor, Ryan Hawke. 2006/155/b, visit () (event). natural history, seen. water too deep and dark for Crayfish Camp survey.

moved 4.3 km WSW.
195) Bathurst: Tay R at Glen Tay bridge. (150m mostly blw bridge), 44.87651N 76.30397W TIME: 1148-1300. AIR TEMP: 28, clear, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: highwater clear river, low weirs, limestone bedrock/sand bed, in village. OBSERVER: Frederick W.Schueler, Aleta Karstad, Jamie Proctor, Ryan Hawke. 2006/155/c, visit () (event). natural history, wade, dipnetted, ink drawing. water too high to search for Crayfish, but FWS undaunted. Those who are familiar with the crystal torrent of the Tay know that it usually runs torrentially in a bed of deep-piled stone, making it hard to say how abundant Crayfish are anywhere along its course. Naturally, with high water levels everywhere, the Tay was as much higher as might be expected, which made it even harder to catch stuff there than it is usually. But we withstood the violence of the current to scoop a few Orconectes propinquus and Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish) and what look like hybrids out of the stream around the Water Snake Island at Glen Tay. . .

DATASHEET SUMMARY (AKS 2006/013 a): Entered the stream at a road right-of-way, with private land all around. The locality is based on reference location. The diel period was midday. The sky was clear with bright sun & no clouds. There was no precipitation. The wind was breeze, Beaufort 2 Force, from the W. Weather for the past 48 hr was unseasonably warm seasonally normal moisture.

The site was in/on shallow valley. Bedrock was exposed but not examined (limestone/granite?). The terrestrial vegetation was deciduous parkland (50% wooded). Human impact on the site included surrounding lawn-village and a low boulder weir across river above bridge. Site wetlands were absent, but there were riverine wetlands upstream and a low island with Ash(?) trees in <<midstream??>>.

Water at the site was permanent natural river. Water level was high. The bottom was bedrock boulders cobbles. Water quality was yellowish & very clear. Spaces under rocks were clear of sediment. Water movement was fast: ca 1.5 m/sec. WIDTH: 15 m LENGTH SAMPLED: 150 m MAX. DEPTH: 1 m DEPTHS SAMPLED: 0-60 cm. Water temperature 26 C, at 20 cm depth, in river edge fast flow, 12h38. Dominant aquatic plants were masses of floating Elodea canadensis (Canada Waterweed). Capture was by hand & dipnet. Cover checked included flat & round rocks. AKS sketch of the scene.

Orconectes -- the few we found seemed to be in optimal high velocity rocks with a supply of Elodea -- none in the slower water below the Nerodia Island. we withstood the violence of the current to scoop a few Orconectes propinquus and Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish) and what look like hybrids out of the stream around the Water Snake Island at Glen Tay.

To OFAH RUSTY CRAYFISH DATABASE (March 2007):HYBRID? (examine specimen).

196) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler, Jamie Proctor, Ryan Hawke. 2006/155/ca, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 adult, male, seen. 12 cm SVL M in shallow pond in centre of island. . . . below bridge. About 20 large tadpoles in here thay may have been this species or Rana clamitans (Green Frog).

197) (same location) 2006/155/cb, Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake) (herp). 1 adult, shed, specimen. shed skin floating at water's edge. At island below bridge.

198) (same location) 2006/155/cc, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). 1 egg, captured. egg found in water, not saved.

199) (same location) 2006/155/cd, Elodea canadensis (Canada Waterweed) (Plant). abundant herb, specimen. huge amounts being swept downstream. and lodging against upstanding rocks in the current.

200) (same location) 2006/155/ce, Sayornis phoebe (Eastern Phoebe) (Bird). 1 call, adult, seen, heard. heard & seen flitting.

201) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W.Schueler, Aleta Karstad, Jamie Proctor, Ryan Hawke. 2006/155/cf, Orconectes propinquus () (Crayfish). adult, under cover, dipnetted, specimen. . . . . the few we found seemed to be in optimal high velocity rocks with a supply of Elodea -- none in the slower water below the Nerodia Island. We withstood the violence of the current to scoop a few Orconectes propinquus and Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish) and what look like hybrids out of the stream around the Water Snake Island at Glen Tay

202) (same location) OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler, Jamie Proctor, Ryan Hawke. 2006/155/cg, Lampsilis (Lamp-Mussel) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. eroded 90 mm pair.

203) (same location) 2006/155/ch, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 5+1 shell, specimen. 1 alive, under rocks, 5 old pairs, largest 58 mm. Sample also included one very eroded Campeloma, which was not saved.

moved 8.9 km SW.
204) Tay R/Co Road 6, 1.7 km ENE Christie Lake(settlement). (25m waypoint), 31C/16 T, 44.82386N 76.38878W TIME: 1330. HABITAT: fast deep clear granite/boulder/gravel/muck river, oldfield/fencerow shores. 2006/155/d, visit () (event). natural history, seen. scouting for Crayfish Camp survey. This site looks as good as it's possible to be, considering the high water level. From here we set out to find public access to the south shore of Christie Lake.

moved 9.5 km WSW.
205) : : : Tay R at Hanna Road boatlaunch, 3.2 km NE Bolingbroke. (25m waypoint), 31C/16, 44.77802N 76.48977W TIME: 1335. HABITAT: deep river in marshy valley, fine sand bed with narrow-leaved macrophytes. 2006/155/f, visit () (event). natural history, wade, dipnetted. WAYPT/044, for futile Crayfish Camp survey. Many ecom shells, mostly decayed, some camp old shells, NO:Dreissena.

There's evidently no public access to the south shore of Christie Lake. So we wound up here at a boatlaunch where the Tay enters the lake, and where it's swampy banks flowing over fine sand, deep and fast, with NO:Orconectes -- and no cover -- in sight.

moved 0.49 km WSW.
206) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Tay R/Co Road 36. (50m waypoint), 44.77651N 76.49561W TIME: 1350. HABITAT: rocky brownwater river in Typha marsh. 2006/155/e, visit () (event). natural history, driveby. high murky water seems too deep for Crayfish Camp survey. . . . but this may have been an unfortunate decision.

moved 2.3 km ENE.
207) Bathurst: Camp Opemikon, Mc Mannus Bay, 4.8 km ENE Bolingbroke. (25m waypoint), 44.78285N 76.46831W TIME: 1445-1552. AIR TEMP: 26, sunny, hazy, calm. HABITAT: clearwater mesotrophic lake at Scout camp, mixed woods on knolly Shield. 2006/155/g-h, visit () (event). natural history, wade, dipnetted, drift. search for Crayfish along heavily used camp beach. "Camp Opemikon is owned and operated by Scouts Canada, Voyageur Council. . . . located on the southern tip of Christie Lake, 100 km southwest of Ottawa. This idyllic camp on more than 200 acres of rugged terrain, nestled among three pristine lakes, provides the perfect Scouting adventure away from busy roads and crowded cities: 530 Hanna Road, Westport ON K 0 G 1 X 0. The Camp Director, Marilyn Johnson, can be contacted: By phone at (613) 225-2770 ext 506; Toll-free at 1-888-726-8876, By e-mail at <campoepmikon at scouts. ca>"

Aleta brazenly proposed to ask permission to collect at this Scout camp. This was granted, and we were led about by Richard Cowan (a camper here in 1940 and on summer staff since 1943, and a full-time volunteer since he retired in the 1980's), finding a diversity of frogs and a few Unionids, but NO:Orconectes were evident. Intelligent-looking counsellors (if that's what they're called at a Scout camp) said they never saw Crayfish here, and one said he'd specifically searched for Crayfish a few days before and hadn't found any.

208) (same location) TIME: 1500-1540. AIR TEMP: 26, sunny, hazy, calm. HABITAT: soft beah of clearwater mesotrophic lake at Scout camp, mixed woods on knolly Shield. 2006/155/g, datasheet (datasheet) (event). natural history, wade, dipnetted, drift. WAYPT/045, search for Crayfish along heavily used camp beach. DATASHEET SUMMARY (AKS 2006/013 b): Land ownership is Scouts Canada. The locality is based on global positioning (+/- 5 m). The diel period was midafternoon. The sky was clear with hazy/bright sun. There was no precipitation. The wind was calm. Weather for the past 48 hr was unseasonably warm seasonally normal moisture, after wet early summer.

The site was beach on lakeshore in knolly Shield. Bedrock was granitic. Upland substrate was organic soil (at surface). The terrestrial vegetation was coniferous/deciduous forest. Human impact on the site was a 68 yr recreation camp. Site wetlands were not examined, though fringing emergents along the lake may have been a wetland. Dominant plants here were: Scirpus, Sparganium (Bur-reed) in fruit, Swamp Milkweed, Joepyeweed, few Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) with considerable Beetle damage.

Water at the site was permanent natural lake. Water level was seasonally normal. The bottom was sand & muck, with areas of old sawdust. Water quality was clear until roiled. Spaces under the few rocks were clear of sediment. Water movement was still with ripples. LENGTH SAMPLED: 100 m DEPTHS SAMPLED: 0-80 cm. Water temperature ca 25 C (a guess). Dominant aquatic plants were diverse but not recorded. Capture was by hand, dipnet, drift.

Dragonflies noted with black & white banded wings, with Gyrinid Beetles, and other Insects not recorded.

209) (same location) HABITAT: soft beach of clearwater mesotrophic lake at Scout camp, mixed woods on knolly Shield. 2006/155/ga, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 4 shell, specimen. 2 pairs, 2 valves, largest 73 mm, 1 pair very short & deep.

210) (same location) 2006/155/gb, Lampsilis radiata (Eastern Lamp-Mussel) (Mollusca). 1 shell, captured. light elongate eroded broken valve, not saved.

211) (same location) 2006/155/gc, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 8/abundant adult, shell, captured. shells & ads, many alive. Sample contains blue rubbery snake.

212) (same location) 2006/155/gd, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). many adult, juvenile, seen. many juvs & 1 F seen.

213) (same location) 2006/155/ge, Gavia immer (Common Loon) (Bird). 1 call, heard. calling briefly.

214) (same location) 2006/155/gf, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 call, heard. calling briefly.

215) (same location) 2006/155/gg, Danaus plexippus (Monarch Butterfly) (entomological). 1 mature, seen. 1 large ad noted.

moved 0.09 km E.
216) Camp Opemikon, Mc Mannus Bay, 4.9 km ENE Bolingbroke. (100m waypoint), 44.78278N 76.46721W TIME: 1540. AIR TEMP: 26, sunny, hazy, calm. HABITAT: clearwater mesotrophic lake at Scout camp, mixed woods on knolly Shield. 2006/155/i, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). 1 nest egg, prey of predator, seen. single nest dug up by predator behind bathing beach.

moved 0.09 km E.
217) Camp Opemikon, Mc Mannus Bay, 5.0 km ENE Bolingbroke. (100m alg shore), 44.78271N 76.46611W TIME: 1545-1550. AIR TEMP: 26, sunny, hazy, calm. HABITAT: clearwater mesotrophic lake at Scout camp, mixed woods on knolly Shield. 2006/155/h, Mollusca () (Mollusca). shell, drift, specimen. WAYPT/046, shells from along untended shore between docks & canoes. Sample included a ca 12 cm TL Lepomis cf macrochirus (Bluegill), which went to maggots after being frozen with the sample (29 July).

218) (same location) 2006/155/ha, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 11 shell, drift, specimen. 9 pairs, 1 valve, 1 fragment, largest 78 mm. Fr along untended shore between docks & canoes.

219) (same location) 2006/155/hb, Pyganodon grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 3 shell, drift, specimen. 107 mm pair, 2 fragments, high-beaked inflated shape. Fr along untended shore between docks & canoes.

moved 7.6 km NE.
220) Tay R/Co Road 6, 1.7 km ENE Christie Lake(settlement). (200m alg river), 31C/16 T, 44.82386N 76.38878W TIME: 1602-1702. AIR TEMP: 27, hazy, sunny, calm. HABITAT: fast deep clear granite/boulder/gravel/muck river, oldfield/fencerow shores. 2006/156/a, visit () (event). wade, dipnetted. WAYPT/047, for Crayfish Camp survey. For the final station of the day, we retired to the County Road 6 bridge over the Tay -- as broad an expanse of rocks under clear water as one could well imagine, ranging from drifts of bowling-ball-like boulders grading down into gravel and then sand, to flat bedrock with isolated clumps of rocks. There was a peculiar pinkish form of what seems to be Vallisneria growing in cracks of the rocks, and a few other clumps of current-swept vegetation. The current was spread out over so large a cross-section that it wasn't too strong. We turned rocks, and had the active assistance of Micropterus dolomieui (Smallmouth Bass)
in corralling Orconectes propinquus -like Crayfish into our grasp or nets (the Bass took a 25% finders fee). The one striking Unionid was a very deeply corrugated 100 mm Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell), standing vertically among the rocks. It was a nuisance for the Crayfish to make the ultimate sacrifice for Science (or Smallmouth), but idyllic for us.

We also found a Chrysler vehicle ignition key among the rocks of the bottom.

221) (same location) 2006/156/aa, Vallisneria americana (Water-celery) (Plant). specimen. pink-tinged foliage, growing from cracks in rocks.

222) (same location) 2006/156/ab, Orconectes propinquus () (Crayfish). adult, shed, specimen. 1 dry broken up shed skin.

223) (same location) 2006/156/ac, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 3 shell, specimen. 2 fresh, 1 old pairs, lgst(old)84 mm, heavy, heavy-tooth shells.

224) (same location) 2006/156/ad, Pyganodon (Floater) (Mollusca). 1+1 adult, shell, specimen. ca 75 mm alive, very inflated shape, similar 55 mm pair with green. Parallel to growth lines.

225) (same location) 2006/156/ae, Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell) (Mollusca). 1 adult, seen. very deeply corrugated, ca 100 mm, vertically among rocks.


3 July 2007

moved 17.0 km ENE.
226) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 4.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 31C/16, 44.89106N 76.19475W HABITAT: grassy point in openwater/Typha marsh, low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest. OBSERVER: Rosemarie Hoppe-Wilhelm. RH-W 07 Jul 03/a, Ixobrychus exilis (Least Bittern) (Bird). 1? call, heard. record contributed on PWR SAR card. Co-ordinates given as 45* 53' 50" N 76* 11' 75" W. -- which seems to be 110.8 km north of Perth --corrected after consultation with observer.


7 September 2007

moved 5.0 km W.
227) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth: Tay R at Perth Golf Club Road. (50m ard brifge), 44.89726N 76.25812W TIME: 1316. AIR TEMP: 31, sunny, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: rocky stream through marsh, Elm/Oak golf/urban pkland. OBSERVER: . 2007/157/c, visit () (event). natural history, seen. NO:Unionidae evident in bright sunlight & clear water. There's a steady flow here, and the entire bottom can be scanned. We'd need a canoe to really search for Unionids here now. There's a brown-speckly duckweed in the bay NE of the bridge, so there may be shell piles under this.

228) (same location) 2007/157/ca, Sciurus carolinensis (Grey Squirrel) (Mammal). 1 adult, seen. black pelage, in tree on W shore.


4 October 2007

moved 4.4 km ESE.
229) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (100m topo map), 44.88891N 76.20314W TIME: 1403. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth, in Typha marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Matt G. Keevil. 2007/185/b, arrival () (event). business, nat.hist., drive. for meeting with Kristy Giles about SAR habitat survey. Request for Price Quotation: An Assessment of Species at Risk and Associated Habitat at Perth Wildlife Reserve Conservation Area.

Description of Area: The Perth Wildlife Reserve (PWR), a 122.60 hectare developed, RVCA day use conservation area includes an additional 113.37 hectares of Tay Marsh owned and operated by Rideau Valley Conservation Authority (RVCA).

The Perth Wildlife Reserve is marginal farmland in natural ecological succession. The topography is generally flat with slightly stony, well drained to poorly drained sandy loam soils (D. W. Hoffman et al, 1967). Poor drainage is characteristic of much of the Reserve. The landscape consists of several habitats including wetlands and constructed ponds, open fields and small meadows, treed plantations, reforested areas and vegetated fencerows.

The Tay Marsh -- a provincially significant marsh wetland in the Perth area for wildlife, water quality protection and recreation, makes up a large part of this Conservation Area. The Tay River and Jebbs Creek runs adjacent to and through the reserve. Jebbs Creek drains Bobs, Crow, Christie, Otty lakes into the Tay Marsh.

Description of Project: RVCA is undertaking a Species at Risk Education and Demonstration Project at Perth Wildlife Reserve. The project will include identification of Species at Risk, identification of habitat ideal for species at risk, interpretive sign development, educational brochure development and facility improvements to facilitate this project.

Description of Work: In order to complete this project and initial assessment must be completed of the area Species at Risk and associated habitat. The two main components of the work to be completed during the assessment will be: 1) To identify existing habitat related to identified species at risk (Blanding's Turtle, Black Rat Snake, Butternut, River Redhorse and Monarch Butterfly) and other related species identified by COSEWIC and MNR. 2) To determine and identify ideal habitat for species that have not yet been identified at the site but could benefit from the development and management of that habitat.


Assessment Schedule: Work / Timeline / Species covered / Habitat Identification.

Week 2 & 3 October: Blanding's Turtle / Black Ratsnake / River Redhorse / Monarch Butterfly / All other species identified by COSEWIC and MNR.

Habitat - Research Week 4 October Species not yet identified at PWR / Logger Head Shrike / Least Bittern
Stink Pot Turtle / American Ginseng, etc.


All work must be completed by October 31, 2007. Data requirements: All Information will become the property of RVCA and must include: Identification of Species at Risk on Conservation Authority Lands. Habitat identification related to Species at Risk on C. A. Lands UTM Coordinates of species and/or their habitat based on NAD 83 Description of species and/or their habitat Date and time of identification Directions to location of identification


Quotation Details: Please provide price quote with an hourly rate charge. Any additional associated costs to be outlines such as: mileage, etc. Invoice template to be provided by RVCA.


Deadline: Please provide quotation by Wednesday, October 3, 2007 to:

Rideau Valley Conservation Authority
Box 599, 1128 Mill Street,
Manotick, ON
K 4 M 1 A 5
613-692-3571 ext. 1178 or 1-800-267-3504
kristy. giles at rideauvalley. on. ca
Attn: Kristy Giles


Please note: This project has been approved in principal by the Ministry of Natural Resources. Approval of any quotation cannot be completed until final confirmation of project funding has been approved. Project work to commence immediately following project approval.

* I've long been interested in this area, and especially in the Unionids that may be in Jebbs Creek. Matt Keevil and I agree that we could do this assessment in a one or two day visit, with another day to write up the conclusions. This would just be a report on what we'd seen (in the format of our existing observations within a 2 km radius of the Reserve which are appended to this message), with assessments, based on our experience with the species elsewhere, of the habitat that the listed species might use.

This could be accomplished for $500/day (i. e. $1 K for a one-day visit, $1.5 K for a two-day visit), plus mileage from Bishops Mills. We'd need copies of all the data you've assembled about the area.

fred.
-----------------------------------------------------

moved 0.11 km WNW.
230) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88916N 76.20443W TIME: 1436. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: low, flat abandoned farm, Red Pine/Black Cherry/Rh. cathartica woods. 2007/185/c, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen. WAYPT/Y 077, ca 70 cm TL, active in woods. We're setting out to circumperambulate the trail around the Wildlife Area.

moved 0.01 km NW.
231) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88922N 76.20449W TIME: 1438. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: bare flat licheny bedrock clearing in yg forest on low, flat abandoned farm. 2007/185/d, visit () (event). natural history, under cover. WAYPT/Y 078, we turned dry-beneath blocky rocks in a pile. . . . but found NO:Serpentes.

moved 0.15 km NNW.
232) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89040N 76.20528W TIME: 1445. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: trail through yg Ash/White Pine/Buckthorn 2 nd growth. 2007/185/e, Lumbricus terrestris (Nightcrawler) (invertebrate). 2 adult, under cover, seen. WAYPT/Y 079, in clayey soil under cover boards in trail.

moved 0.14 km NNE.
233) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89143N 76.20437W TIME: 1451. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth, in Typha marsh. 2007/185/f, Menispermum canadense (Moonseed) (Plant). 1 vine, specimen. WAYPT/Y 080, leaves yellowing, no fruit on dried flowerstems. These vines were sprawled over a Cornus (Dogwood) bush along the trail. A single leaf preserved.

moved 0.05 km ENE.
234) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89168N 76.20382W TIME: 1454. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: Alnus-clumped grassy oldfield in low, flat abandoned farm. 2007/185/g, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 081, noted as more open habitat than seen before.

moved 0.25 km ENE.
235) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89288N 76.20118W TIME: 1502. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: stone pile at edge Thuja woods/brushy oldfield in low, flat abandoned farm. 2007/185/ha, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen, active. WAYPT/Y 082, noted nearby, ca 30 cm TL. This 1.6 m(high)x 7 m stone pile is a potential snail habitat or snake hibernaculum.

236) (same location) 2007/185/hb, Novisuccinea cf ovalis () (Mollusca). 1 shell, under cover. under log near rockpile. This is the first land snail or shell that MGK has found in persistant turning of cover along the trail.

237) (same location) 2007/185/hc, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). few call, heard. calling from Thuja woods.

238) (same location) 2007/185/hd, Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) (Bird). few call, heard. drumming heard here & throut afternoon.

moved 0.23 km ESE.
239) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.4 km ESE Last Duel Park. (25m waypoint), 44.89225N 76.19834W TIME: 1513. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: grassy field with scattered Rhamnus cathartica, low, flat abandoned farm in Typha marsh. 2007/185/i, Juniperus communis (Common Juniper) (Plant). 1 shrub, seen. WAYPT/Y 083, tufty bush with lots of Cladonia on dead branches.

moved 0.14 km ESE.
240) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 4.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89193N 76.19657W TIME: 1517. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: rockpile margin of Typha marsh/Rh. cathartica-Lonicera brushy 2 nd growth thicket. 2007/185/j, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen, active. WAYPT/Y 084, ca 60 cm TL. MGK also saw a small snake tail disappear under cover. The pile of rocks or fractured bedrock goes inland from the shore, but is probably too close to water level (<1 m) to serve as a snake hibernaculum.

moved 0.05 km ESE.
241) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 4.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89173N 76.19604W TIME: 1524. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: fenced opening onto Typha marsh/open Rh. cathartica shore of abandoned farm. 2007/186/a, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 4 adult, seen, active. WAYPT/Y 085, 1 in Typha, 1 on shore 2 in brush. Two ca 1 m snakes were at the shore: on on the ground and the other in a Typha angustifolia (Narrow-leaved Cattail) clump 50 cm from shore. There were 2 ca 60 cm snakes in the adjacent thickets.

moved 0.06 km S.
242) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89116N 76.19589W TIME: 1530. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: yg open 2 nd growth woods in low, flat abandoned farm in Typha marsh. 2007/186/b, Hyla versicolor (Tetraploid Gray Treefrog) (herp). 1 call, heard. WAYPT/Y 086, soft stuttering calls.

243) (same location) 2007/186/c, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). 1 call, heard. a few bouts of calling.

moved 0.09 km E.
244) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 4.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89106N 76.19475W TIME: 1532. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: grassy point in openwater/Typha marsh, low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest. 2007/186/c, Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple) (Plant). 1 tree, seen. WAYPT/Y 087, >1 m DBH tree on point of land. This is the point that forms the N side of the mouth of Jebbs Creek. We scanned the surrounding water, but saw NO:Testudinata.

moved 0.10 km WSW.
245) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Jebbs Creek, 4.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89069N 76.19597W TIME: 1539. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: limeslab riffle in marshy crk near low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn. 2007/186/da, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). several juvenile, seen. WAYPT/Y 088, noted among rocks & along shore. A Orconectes cf virilis (Northern Crayfish) scooted out from under a stone, but we weren't shod for wading, so we didn't pursue it or wade for other aquatics.

246) (same location) 2007/186/db, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). common adult, seen. scattered on stones of the bottom. This is the first riffle in Jebbs Creek above its mouth in the Tay Marsh.

moved 0.25 km W.
247) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89099N 76.19909W TIME: 1546. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: brushy fencerow in low, flat abandoned farm near Typha marsh. 2007/186/e, cf Mammalia (Mammal) (Mammal). 1 nest, seen. WAYPT/Y 089, mossy 25 cm diam. nest 3.5 m up in Crataegus. There's a similar, but broken up, clot of mossy material 4 m up in a Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn) nearby.

moved 0.24 km SW.
248) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88930N 76.20090W TIME: 1554. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth in low, flat abandoned farm near Typha marsh. 2007/186/f, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 1 adult, seen. WAYPT/Y 090, ca 80 mm SVL, brown, headspots 111.

moved 0.21 km WSW.
249) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88886N 76.20344W TIME: 1601. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: lawn/gravel parkinglot in low, flat abandoned farm in brushy 2 nd growth near marsh. 2007/186/g, Storeria occipitomaculata (Redbelly Snake) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen, active. WAYPT/Y 091, ca 150 mm TL, bright chestnut dorsally.

moved 0.02 km WNW.
250) Perth Wildlife Reserve/4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88894N 76.20373W TIME: 1603. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth, in Typha marsh. 2007/186/h, Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red Squirrel) (Mammal). few call, heard. WAYPT/Y 092, sporadic calling heard thruout afternoon. Back to van.

moved 0.14 km WSW.
251) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88835N 76.20534W TIME: 1609. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: fencerow/brushy oldfield in low, flat abandoned farm. 2007/186/ia, Celastrus (Bittersweet) (Plant). 1 vine, in fruit, shed, specimen. WAYPT/Y 093, in fencerow with Clematis. This seems to be Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic Bittersweet), the first I've seen in eastern Ontario.

252) (same location) 2007/186/ib, Juglans cinerea (Butternut) (Plant). 1 tree, shed, seen. 3-trunked sprawling in fencerow, apparently healthy.

moved 0.83 km WSW.
253) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.5 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88559N 76.21515W TIME: 1612. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth, in Typha marsh. 2007/186/j, Meleagris gallopavo (Turkey) (Bird). 1 adult, WOR/DOR?. WAYPT/Y 094, scattered feathers along entrance road.

moved 1.49 km SSE.
254) Jebbs Creek/Co Road 1, 4.8 km SE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.87368N 76.20660W TIME: 1616-1632. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: slow marshy peaty crk below lake outlet at hwy bridge, residence, deciduous forest. 2007/187/a, visit () (event). natural history, wade. WAYPT/Y 095. Revisit from visit of 13 October 1995, but much less thorough.

FWS waded into, but not through, the deep water under the bridge, while MGK stayed on shore.

255) (same location) 2007/187/aa, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:cf australis (European Reed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, in bloom, seen. 50 m tall plumed stand in marsh & roadside SE of bridge. There's no mention of this species in the account of this site from 1995.

256) (same location) 2007/187/ab, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). 1 call, heard. one bout of calling.

257) (same location) 2007/187/ac, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 2 juvenile, seen. 2 juvs on shore.

258) (same location) 2007/187/ad, Rana cf catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen. dark juv on shore.

259) (same location) 2007/187/ae, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). several nest, prey of predator, seen. sev old opened nest sites along SE side of road. Also probably some Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) nests.

260) (same location) 2007/187/af, Dreissena polymorpha (Zebra Mussel) (Mollusca). 2 adult, specimen. on an Elliptio.

261) (same location) 2007/187/ag, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 4+ adult, shell, specimen. 4 alive. Add shells and other Unionids et seq as sorted.


16 October 2007

moved 1.7 km N.
262) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (100m topo map), 44.88891N 76.20314W TIME: 1040. AIR TEMP: 9.5, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth, in Typha marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Matt G. Keevil. 2007/194/d, arrival () (event). natural history, drive. for first day of survey of area.

moved 0.15 km SW.
263) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88800N 76.20460W TIME: 1051-1115. AIR TEMP: 9.5, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: island in shallow basin of excavated pond in grassy oldfield. 2007/194/e, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 097, this basin empty except new-water puddles. The bottom is cracked into big polygons, and cracked up into clumps along shallow small-mammal burrows -- probably Condylura. Much of the bottom is coated with a flat pale-green liverwort-like plant. Tracks of Odocoileus (American Deer), Procyon lotor (Raccoon), Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron), and Turtles with 10-15 cm between tracks, one with conspicuous tail-drag that must be Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle). The island is topped by a Lonicera (Honeysuckle) bush and a small stand of Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed).

264) (same location) 2007/194/ea, Helisoma campanulatum (Bell-mouth Ramshorn) (Mollusca). 15/common shell, specimen. shells scattered on dry pond bottom, 15 picked up.

265) (same location) 2007/194/eb, <liverwort> (not listed) (). dominant herb?, specimen. flat pale-green liverwort-like plant on pond bottom. Kept as preserved specimen, dry, and aquatic cultures. This has grown up as a Moss -- fws 1 Nov 2007.

moved 0.04 km S.
266) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88767N 76.20459W TIME: 1051-1115. HABITAT: Beaver-occupied deep basin of excavated pond in grassy oldfield. 2007/194/f, visit () (event). natural history, walk, dipnetted. WAYPT/Y 098, waypopint at channel to deep basin of pond. Bottom of the pond is mud, and the water is about 20 x 50 m. MGK circumperambulated the pond, and found a dead Chrysemys and a freshly dead Rana clamitans (Green Frog) tadpole, saw Procyon tracks and lots of Castor activity.

267) (same location) 2007/194/fa, Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). 1 juvenile, specimen. dried carcase, plastron 82 mm. Vague plastral figure, red middorsal line on posterior carapace.

268) (same location) 2007/194/fb, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). 1 larva, specimen. large tadpole, freshly dead with dependent viscera.

269) (same location) 2007/194/fc, Helisoma campanulatum (Bell-mouth Ramshorn) (Mollusca). 14 shell, specimen. small shells.

moved 0.04 km N.
270) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88800N 76.20460W TIME: 1111. AIR TEMP: 9.5, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: island in shallow basin of excavated pond in grassy oldfield. 2007/194/ec, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, male, captured, active. ca 55 cm TL, active on pond bottom.

moved 0.10 km NE.
271) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (250m ard waypoint), 44.88876N 76.20381W TIME: 1127. AIR TEMP: 10 ca, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: parkinglot in grassy oldfield/rough lawn. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/223/a, Corvus brachyrhynchos (Crow) (Bird). 1 adult, seen. WAYPT/Y 099, low ice-storm broken 2-trunk 35 cm DBH tree. Label text: "

moved 0.07 km N.
272) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88936N 76.20386W TIME: 1133. AIR TEMP: 10 ca, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: grassy oldfield. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Matt G. Keevil. 2007/194/h, Juglans cinerea (Butternut) (Plant). several sapling, cult, seen. WAYPT/Y 100, <1 m yg trees in plastic collars. Leaves nipped off as if by Odocoileus (American Deer) so there's only 2 pairs of leaflets on each leaf.

moved 0.15 km E.
273) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88927N 76.20191W TIME: 1141. AIR TEMP: 10 ca, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: grassy track between treed fencerows. 2007/194/i, Tamias striatus (Eastern Chipmunk) (Mammal). 1 adult, AOR. WAYPT/Y 101, dashed into path of Jeep. -- as if trying to be an at-risky species -- another or the same did the same near here as we came out at 16h20.

moved 0.52 km ENE.
274) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89076N 76.19560W TIME: 1146. AIR TEMP: 10 ca, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: RVCA observation tower site, brushy area at edge of wetland. 2007/194/ja, Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple) (Plant). 1/common tree, shed, seen. WAYPT/Y 102, small tree with small tarspot on leaves.

275) (same location) 2007/194/jb, Clematis virginiana (Virgin's-bower) (Plant). 1/common vine, in fruit, seen. growing up on DED Ulmus.

moved 0.02 km SW.
276) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89065N 76.19576W TIME: 1148-1226. AIR TEMP: 11 ca, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: slow bedrock creek in grassy marsh near confluence with marshy canal, water 12 C. 2007/195/-, datasheet (datasheet) (event). natural history, wade, dipnetted. WAYPT/Y 103, This visit for PWA survey. DATASHEET SUMMARY: Land ownership is RVCA. The locality is based on global positioning (+/- 7 m). The diel period was midday. The sky was clear with bright sun cloud cover 0%. Condensation was ground frost was gone by 10h00. There was no precipitation. The wind was breeze Beaufort 2 Force from the SW. Weather for the past 48 hr was seasonally normal temperatures seasonally normal moisture. The site was in/on gentle rolling plain. Bedrock was limestone-like sandstone.

The terrestrial vegetation was coniferous plantations & deciduous 30 yr second growth dense, with bushes along the stream. DOMINANT SPECIES:. Soft Maple & Ash.

Human impact on the site included wildlife interpretation and imounded canal. Site wetlands were fringing, riverine, Beaver-influenced, tall-grass marsh. Development stage of Typha glauca (nearby, none at site), was mature & dry seedheads.

Water at the site was permanent natural slow creek. Water level was seasonally normal. The bottom was bedrock & slabs silt mud. Water quality was clear. Spaces under rocks were clear of sediment or silty. Water movement was nearly still (0.03 m/sec). WIDTH: 6 m LENGTH SAMPLED: 50 m MAX. DEPTH: 30 cm DEPTHS SAMPLED: 0-30 cm. Water temperature 12 C, at 10 cm depth, in main flow. Dominant aquatic plants were sampled submerged Moss over 50% of bottom, some Utricularia (Bladderwort), & emergent Sparganium (Bur-reed). Capture was by hand & dipnet. Cover checked included flat rocks.

277) (same location) 2007/195/a, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 3+2 adult, shell, specimen, captured. 1 fresh & 2 old pairs, largest 80 mm, 74 & 95 mm adults released.

278) (same location) 2007/195/ba, Pyganodon grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. 2 elongate, broken pairs, lgr 95 mm, ripply beak sculpture.

279) (same location) 2007/195/bb, cf Strophitus undulatus (Squaw-Foot) (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. old broken pair, 72 mm, lightweight. Hinge undulation & rudimentary teeth seem to indicate this species

280) (same location) 2007/195/c, Orconectes virilis (Northern Crayfish) (Crayfish). 2 adult, captured. 1 F in muck just as we arrived, Form II M 41 mm carapace.

281) (same location) 2007/195/d, Orconectes propinquus () (Crayfish). 1 adult, captured. 1 M caught by MGK.

282) (same location) 2007/195/e, Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish) (Crayfish). 5 adult, specimen. 1 ad M & 4 small ones collected, coloration drab.

283) (same location) 2007/195/f, <aquatic moss> (not listed) (Bryophyte). dominant herb, specimen. covers 50% of the rock & bedrock bottom.

284) (same location) 2007/195/g, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen. 1 juv noted.

285) (same location) 2007/195/h, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). few juvenile, seen. a few juvs noted.

286) (same location) 2007/195/i, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 1/common adult, shell, specimen. common on bottom, 1 adult preserved in isopropyl.

287) (same location) 2007/195/j, Lymnaea stagnalis (Great Pond Snail) (Mollusca). 1 shell, seen. old 37 mm shell.

moved 0.33 km NE.
288) Tay Marsh, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.8 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89284N 76.19288W TIME: 1250. AIR TEMP: 13 ca, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: 30 cm deep open bay in Tay Canal Typha glauca marsh. 2007/194/k, visit () (event). natural history, canoe. WAYPT/Y 104, crossed the Tay Canal to here. . . . Seeing good Turtle habitat (except a paucity of basking sites) NO:Testudinata and a paucity of other macroanimalia. There were a few fish swirls, Hydrocharis morsus-ranae (European Frogbit), big beds dying back and Myriophyllum (Water Milfoil) submerged and Lemna minor (Common Duckweed) and Wollffia on the surface.

moved 0.36 km SE.
289) Tay Canal, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 5.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89028N 76.19014W TIME: 1304. AIR TEMP: 13 ca, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: open water with Nymphaea/Vallisneria at edge of Typha glauca marsh. 2007/194/la, visit () (event). natural history, canoe. WAYPT/Y 105, logs that might provide basking at edge Tay Canal. Lots of Ondatra feeding piles along here with some clumps evidently cut off at water level NO:Unionidae, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) scattered all over the bottom.

moved 0.20 km SSE.
290) Tay Canal, Bay of Muskrats, 5.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88869N 76.18908W TIME: 1310-1316. AIR TEMP: 13 ca, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: open water with Nymphaea/Vallisneria at edge of Typha glauca marsh. 2007/194/lb, Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) (Mammal). 7 piles feeding piles, seen. WAYPT/Y 106, heavy feeding here with 5 feeding piles/lodges. . . . visible in the open water of the bay, with 2 more along the edge. These might be basking habitat for Emydoidea or nesting sites for Sternotherus. Some of these piles are pure Typha (Cattail). There are also sawdusty Castor droppings on the bottom. There's 20% cover of Nymphaea (White Waterlily) on the open water.

moved 0.20 km E.
291) Perth Wildlife Reserve. (25m waypoint), 44.88859N 76.18660W TIME: 1319. AIR TEMP: 13 ca, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: head of dead-end channel, Nymphaea/Vallisneria at edge of Typha glauca marsh. 2007/194/lc, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 call, heard. WAYPT/Y 107, one call heard by MGK. A few Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) flew up as we came along the channel.

We saw a brown-pumaged Circus hudsonicus over the marsh as we approached a dead tree that we'd set as a downstream aiming point.

moved 0.66 km ESE.
292) S shore Tay Canal, 6.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88723N 76.17839W TIME: 1338-1425. AIR TEMP: 13.5, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Tay Canal grassy/marshy shore. 2007/194/m, visit () (event). natural history, walk, dipnetted. WAYPT/Y 108, stopped at a low ridge that's cut off by the Canal. . . . and may continue as the raised bank on the other side of the Canal. There's a dock and picnic table that seems to pertain to a farm up the slope a ways. The shore is rocky fill obviously put here to define the Canal. Water is clear here, 12 C, though murky in channel offshore. We've seen NO:Cyprinus carpio despite paddling through extensive shallow water -- There's a Thuja grove of spaced-out trees, and one Juniperus virginianus (Eastern Red Cedar) among them. FWS stayed near the dock, while MGK ranged around the surrounding area.

293) (same location) 2007/194/ma, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 8 shell, adult, specimen. 7 pairs, both fresh & old, largest 77 mm, 1 58 mm alive. Shells in area near dock where the bottom is clear of rooted vegetation, but has lots of bits of Castor-cut Alnus. There's a pile of Alnus (Alder) twigs with leaves, stored by Castor under the dock. NO:Dreissena on or under rocks or vegetation here or elsewhere in the Canal

294) (same location) 2007/194/mb, Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) (Plant). common herb, in fruit, seen. stunted & perforate in a line right along bank. Suggesting that Galerucella has been effective here -- but the grass is mowed to within 2 m of the water.

295) (same location) 2007/194/mc, Corvus corax (Raven) (Bird). 1 adult, heard. calling with many Crows somewhere in the distance.

296) (same location) 2007/194/md, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 20 ca juvenile, adult, seen. ca 20 small juvs, 1 ad in grassy area near dock.

297) (same location) 2007/194/me, Microtus pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) (Mammal). 1 adult, seen. 1 seen by MGK in walkabout. As we landed we saw a fast-moving small Mammal in the vegetation right at the edge of the water.

298) (same location) 2007/194/mf, Storeria occipitomaculata (Redbelly Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen, under cover. under rock under Sugar Maple seen by MGK in walkabout.

299) (same location) 2007/194/mg, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 adult, female, seen. 130 mm SVL F moderately long-dead on bottom in 1 m water. . . . as we left, dipnetted up and measured.

moved 0.07 km S.
300) N shore Tay Canal, 6.1 km ESE Perth. (70m alg shore), 44.88661N 76.17834W TIME: 1439-1453. AIR TEMP: 14 ca, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: brushy/rocky Tay Canal shore between Canal and marsh. 2007/194/n, visit () (event). natural history, wade, canoe. WAYPT/Y 109, we stopped here hoping for piles of shells. MGK waded along about 70 m of shore picking up shells, while FWS paddled and then walked on shore. There were no predator shell piles, and this is just a rim of canal wall armouring, rather than an above-water continuation of the ridge on the south side of the Canal. The peaty soil supports Urtica (Nettle) between the bushes and the Typha x glauca (Hybrid Cattail) of the marsh. This stretch of rocky-hardened canal bank supports a line of stout Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn) with twisty twigs and a modest crop of fruit.

From here we went up the Canal puzzling over a diving bird among Nymphaea (White Waterlily) that was likely Podilymbus podiceps (Pied-bill Grebe). Much of the bottom is bare, but there are beds of Vallisneria and Elodea, with the Vallisneria preferentially uprooted and floating on the surface. Potomogeton amplifolium is somewhat higher, and all of these are tangled with Lemna trisulca (Star Duckweed), and there are isolated bouquet-like plumes of Myriophyllum (Water Milfoil) and Ceratophyllum standing up to near the surface of the water. Duckweed is Lemna minor (Common Duckweed) and Wolffia (Watermeal).

301) (same location) 2007/194/na, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). 1 nest egg, prey of predator, specimen. predator opened nest in peaty soil at upstream end of shore. Five eggshells saved.

302) (same location) 2007/194/nb, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 21+2 adult, shell, specimen, captured. 15 valves, 6 pairs, largest ca 115 mm valve, 2 alive 79 & 77 mm. The largest one is fresh and broken, and it's both larger and fresher than the rest of the shells. Most have very eroded beaks. Found on rocky bottom in 30-50 cm depth, no predator piles along the shore

moved 1.09 km WSW.
303) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 5.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88468N 76.19194W TIME: 1505. AIR TEMP: 14 ca, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: narrow channel through dense Typha marsh <european frogbit> massive dying-back stan. 2007/194/o, Hydrocharis morsus-ranae (European Frogbit) (Plant). dominant herb, dead, seen. WAYPT/Y 110, massive dying-back stands nrly filling channel. These seem to be growing in a matrix of logs and sticks at a depth of 50 cm or more -- which we struck with our paddles, MGK thought one strike may have been of a Chelydra. There were areas of barely-emergent Potentilla palustris (Marsh Cinquefoil), with tufts of Myrica gale (Sweet Gale) and Decodon verticillatus (Swamp Loosestrife) along the shore, and a few robust tree-like plants of Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed). Photos taken as we came out. We put up about 30 Ducks here, including at least Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) and Aix sponsa (Wood Duck).

moved 0.09 km SW.
304) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 5.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88420N 76.19280W TIME: 1507. AIR TEMP: 14 ca, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: narrow channel through dense Typha marsh at bulldozed rocky-soil shore. 2007/194/p, Castor canadensis (Beaver) (Mammal). adult, food, tracks. WAYPT/Y 111, lots of cutting of Alnus & trampling of shores. . . . here. The water clay-murky. Why the bulldozing?

moved 0.12 km SW.
305) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 5.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88354N 76.19405W TIME: 1510. AIR TEMP: 14 ca, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: narrow channel through dense Typha marsh at bulldozed rocky-soil shore we paddled acro. 2007/194/q, visit () (event). natural history, canoe. WAYPT/Y 112, head of navigation on this ditch. The ditch ends at weedy grown over continuation and Castor-dammed right-angle ditch (a new low mud dam) water clay-murky. Bulldozing continues to here
From here we paddled across the Canal to photograph the Muskrat piles we'd passed earlier. . .

moved 0.69 km NE.
306) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 5.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88851N 76.18887W TIME: 1525. AIR TEMP: 14 ca, sunny, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: openwater Nymphaea marsh between dense Typha & narrow Canal channel. 2007/194/r, Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) (Mammal). 1 pile photo. WAYPT/Y 113, feeding pile in open water with no nearby Typha. . . . so mostly made of Nymphaea remains.

moved 0.59 km WNW.
307) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89076N 76.19560W TIME: 1550. AIR TEMP: 15, sunny, calm. HABITAT: RVCA observation tower site, brushy area at edge of wetland. 2007/194/s, arrival () (event). natural history, canoe. packed up the canoe by 16h02 & left at 16h16. Coming up Jebbs creek we saw several juvenile Rana clamitans (Green Frog) and small Orconectes cf rusticus (Rusty Crayfish).

moved 0.99 km WSW.
308) Perth Wildlife Reserve entrance road, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88773N 76.20744W TIME: 1628. AIR TEMP: 14 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: hayfields/treed fencerows. 2007/194/t, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 114, walking into Jebbs Crk by path shown on RVCA map. . . . but barely visible on the ground.

moved 0.11 km S.
309) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88673N 76.20717W TIME: 1631. AIR TEMP: 14 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: 1 x 5 x 6 m S-facing stonepile, hayfields/treed stony esker-like ridge. 2007/194/u, visit () (event). walk. WAYPT/Y 115, a S-facing stonepile at the edge of woods. -- maybe the highest point on the Reserve. It might be a Snake hibernaculum but NO:Serpentes were seen.

moved 0.19 km ESE.
310) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. 44.88581N 76.20518W TIME: 1644. AIR TEMP: 14 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: 1.3 x 8 x 8 m N-facing stonepile, open brushy Tilia/Ash woods. 2007/194/v, Carya cordiformis (Bitternut Hickory) (Plant). 1 tree, in fruit, walk. WAYPT/STONEPILE, ca 25 cm DBH tree shedding green nuts. . . . onto the pile, which has a lot of fallen logs. We're wandering through the diverse shrubbery here, trying to find the trail to the Creek. . .

moved 0.05 km ESE.
311) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 31C/16, 44.88557N 76.20458W TIME: 1648. AIR TEMP: 13 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: Rhamnus catharica shrub in small clearing in grassy oldfield -- clearing surrou. 2007/196/a, Berberis vulgaris (Common Barberry) (Plant). 1 shrub, in fruit, seen. WAYPT/Y 116, 2 m shrub woven up into Rhamnus cathartica. Bearing a sparse crop of fruit.

moved 0.09 km E.
312) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88570N 76.20342W TIME: 1654-1710. AIR TEMP: 13 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: Beaver dam across slow crk between grassy-peat hummock marsh & muck-over bedrock stream. 2007/196/ba, Castor canadensis (Beaver) (Mammal). present dam, seen. WAYPT/Y 117, low newly built muck & stick dam.

313) (same location) 2007/196/bb, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 1 adult, seen. ca 40 cm slender snake, slightly stub tail.

314) (same location) 2007/196/bc, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 1 adult, seen. 100 mm, widely eroded, inflated in mucky bottom below dam. Too dark to see much in the water.

315) (same location) 2007/196/bd, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). abundant adult, shell, seen. many on bottom, muck pervaded by fragments of shells. Many of the shells are large.

316) (same location) 2007/196/be, Ilex verticillata (Winterberry) (Plant). few shrub, in fruit, seen. berries noted by MGK. There's a dense and diverse shrub flora here.

moved 0.20 km WSW.
317) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88529N 76.20594W TIME: 1717. AIR TEMP: 12 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: brushy/Solidago oldfield. 2007/196/c, Ursus americanus (Black Bear) (Mammal). 1 scat, seen. WAYPT/Y 118, scat with many 2-2.5 mm cf Cornus seeds & others.

moved 0.24 km NNW.
318) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88727N 76.20726W TIME: 1724. AIR TEMP: 12 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: grassy hayfield/rocky open grassy woods 2007/196/e 1728 11.5, SNY, CLM WAYPT/114 ba. 2007/196/d, Juglans cinerea (Butternut) (Plant). tree, . WAYPT/Y 119, 3-trunk 20-20 cm DBH tree with some trunk lesions. . . . but no dying branches.

moved 0.05 km NNW.
319) Perth Wildlife Reserve entrance road, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88773N 76.20744W TIME: 1728. AIR TEMP: 11.5, sunny, calm. HABITAT: hayfields/treed fencerows. 2007/196/e, arrival () (event). natural history, walk. back to car, depart for home.


18 October 2007

moved 1.8 km WSW.
320) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth Wildlife Reserve Rd/Co Road 1, 3.1 km SE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88013N 76.22726W TIME: 1115. HABITAT: brushy roadside. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Matt G. Keevil. 2007/196/j, Rhus radicans (Poison-ivy) (Plant). dominant shrub, shed, seen, driveby. noted 80 cm upright clump in 50 m stand along road.

moved 2.8 km ENE.
321) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 4.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89106N 76.19475W TIME: 1126-1143. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: grassy point in openwater/Typha marsh, low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest. 2007/196/k, Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple) (Plant). 1 tree, shed, specimen. >1 m DBH, on grassy point, some small-spot Rhytisma tarspot. Leaves red and not deeply lobate. Is this a hybrid Acer saccharinum x rubrum?

moved 0.12 km NNW.
322) Tay Canal, 4.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89198N 76.19551W TIME: 1147. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: narrow rock-bordered canal, Rhamnus cathartica/marsh shores. 2007/196/la, Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake) (herp). 2 adult, captured. WAYPT/Y 120, ca 60 cm swimming in open water, ca 40 cm F on bank.

323) (same location) 2007/196/lb, Lethocerus americanus (Toebiter) (entomological). 1 mature, seen. swimming in open water of canal, and then went under a rock.

moved 0.33 km WNW.
324) Tay Canal, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89343N 76.19919W TIME: 1155. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: narrow rock-bordered canal, shrub/marsh shores. 2007/197/a, visit () (event). natural history, canoe. WAYPT/Y 121, head into shallow bedrock bay away from Canal. Towards the Typha x glauca (Hybrid Cattail) and Alnus (Alder) shore. This is the end of an island canal margin with Cornus (Dogwood) etc -- vegetation that seems to be the residue of Castor canadensis (Beaver) cutting.

moved 0.05 km WSW.
325) Tay Canal, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (100m acr bay), 44.89322N 76.19982W TIME: 1156-1210. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: 50 cm deep bedrock bay of narrow rock-bordered canal with shrub/marsh shores. 2007/197/ba, Alasmidonta marginata (Elktoe) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. WAYPT/Y 122, fairly fresh 92 mm shell. This is the second specimen from the Tay River.

326) (same location) 2007/197/bb, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 14+5 adult, shell, captured, specimen. 82, 88, 80, 90, 95 mm alive, 14 old & fresh pairs, largest 91.5 mm. Deep compressed shells.

327) (same location) 2007/197/bc, Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell) (Mollusca). 2+1 adult, shell, captured, specimen. 97, 88 mm alive, 85 & 99 mm, elongate shells.

moved 0.09 km WNW.
328) Tay Canal, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89354N 76.20083W TIME: 1215. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: bedrock bay of narrow rock-bordered canal with shrub/marsh shores. 2007/197/c, visit () (event). natural history, . WAYPT/Y 123, note sunken rowboat near Canal side of bay. We end Unionid sampling here as the water gets deeper and the bottom mucky. There's a clump of Decodon on the mainland shore.

moved 0.16 km W.
329) Tay Canal, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89356N 76.20290W TIME: 1220. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: shallow bedrock bay of narrow rock-bordered canal with shrub/forest shores. 2007/197/da, Pinus strobus (White Pine) (Plant). 1 tree, seen. WAYPT/Y 124, ca 30 cm DBH, overhanging water, big witches broom. . . . in the mid-crown.

330) (same location) 2007/197/db, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 4 shell, 3. pairs on bottom, largest 85 mm, 50 cm water, flat sandy bedrock. After not seeing any Unionids since we ended the previous sample.

moved 0.14 km W.
331) Tay Canal, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89344N 76.20470W TIME: 1225. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: shallow bedrock bay of narrow rock-bordered canal with shrub/forest shores. 2007/197/e, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 adult, seen. WAYPT/Y 125, ca 120 mm SVL, dove from Nymphaea leaves as we passed. The bottom is mucky here, with 60-70 cm depth.

moved 0.08 km SW.
332) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89303N 76.20549W TIME: 1229. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: Alder-hummock shore of shallow bedrock bay of narrow rock-bordered canal. 2007/197/f, cf Athyrium thelypteroides (Silvery Spleenwort) (Plant). common herb, specimen. WAYPT/Y 126, conspicuous along shore here. With Osmunda regalis (Royal Fern), Hypericum, and Galerucella -perforate Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife).

moved 0.20 km WSW.
333) Tay Canal, 3.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89262N 76.20795W TIME: 1235. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: shallow mucky/Nymphaea bay of narrow rock-bordered canal with shrub/forest shores. 2007/197/ga, Cyprinus carpio (Carp) (fish). common adult, seen. WAYPT/Y 127, jumping, swimming & bumping Nymphaea leaves.

moved 0.23 km WNW.
334) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89335N 76.21067W TIME: 1239. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: shallow mucky/Nymphaea bay of narrow rock-bordered canal with shrub/forest shores. 2007/197/gb, Pandion haliaetus (Osprey) (Bird). 1 adult, seen, heard. WAYPT/Y 128, flew up from a tree on shore as we passed.

335) (same location) 2007/197/gc, Castor canadensis (Beaver) (Mammal). 1 lodge lodge, seen. active lodge on shore among Soft Maples. All along here the shore is heavily exploited by Beavers.

moved 0.23 km SSW.
336) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89142N 76.21178W TIME: 1252. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: Alder-hummock shore of shallow bedrock bay of narrow rock-bordered canal. 2007/197/h, Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple) (Plant). codominant tree, shed, seen. WAYPT/Y 129, moderate Rhytisma tarspot on leaves. There's Ilex verticillata (Winterberry), <<>>, Osmunda regalis (Royal Fern), and some Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn) along this heavily beavered shore. FWS disembarks to head back to the PWR headquarters by GPS.

moved 0.16 km WNW.
337) Tay Canal, 3.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89181N 76.21377W TIME: 1252-1341. AIR TEMP: 15, overcast, calm. HABITAT: marshy arm of small canal. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181252/a, visit () (event). natural history, canoe. culvert spilling slightly foamy water, prob. from sewage. Canoed with Fred along Tay River., followed arm off main channel/canal to near NW boundary of PWR. Dropped Fred off in wet forest. Noticed few submerged or emergent macrophytes in arm, just filamentous algae. Went into small bay, discovered culvert, probably outflow from the sewage lagoon. Water here is semi-translucent green with a floating scum of Wolffia (Watermeal) and algae. Banks are lined with Typha (Cattail).

moved 0.22 km E.
338) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.5 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89146N 76.21108W TIME: 1302. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, overcast, calm. HABITAT: tall Carex/Alnus/Black Ash/Soft Maple swamp forest. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/198/a, Parmelia (not listed) (lichen). common thallus, specimen. WAYPT/Y 130, shaggy ruffles, almost cascades, on Ash trunks. The ground is soggy but without free water underfoot. The Carex is about 1 m tall, with scattered Osmunda regalis (Royal Fern) and Ilex verticillata (Winterberry).

moved 0.06 km ESE.
339) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.5 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89130N 76.21041W TIME: 1310. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, overcast, calm. 2007/198/b, Cladonia () (lichen). common thallus, specimen. WAYPT/Y 131, mixed lichens on old tipup root mound.

moved 0.06 km ESE.
340) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89113N 76.20967W TIME: 1318. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, light overcast, calm. HABITAT: tall Carex/Alnus/Black Ash/Soft Maple swamp forest. 2007/198/ca, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 3 adult, captured. WAYPT/Y 132, all HEADING:N as if this is a migration route.
NUMBER/COLOUR/HEAD_SPOTS/SEX/SVL
1)green, 001, m thumb, 75 ca
2)green, 111, m thumb, 70 ca
3). 2 gr, 111, f thumb, 85 ca

341) (same location) 2007/198/cb, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). 1 call, heard. 1 calling, the 1 st heard today.

moved 0.08 km ESE.
342) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89074N 76.20882W TIME: 1326. AIR TEMP: 18.5, light overcast, Beaufort light air. HABITAT: tall Carex/Alnus/Black Ash/Soft Maple swamp forest. 2007/198/da, Thuja occidentalis (Eastern White Cedar) (Plant). few tree, seen. WAYPT/Y 133, few barely living trees. With low vernal-pool-like areas around them. These are the first Thuja seen in walking inland from the Tay River.

343) (same location) 2007/198/db, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). few call, heard. calling steadily.

moved 0.06 km ESE.
344) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89058N 76.20815W TIME: 1333. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Ash/Thuja/Soft Maple swamp forest. 2007/198/ea, Cephalanthus occidentalis (Buttonbush) (Plant). 4 shrub, seen. WAYPT/Y 134, isolated clump of 1.7 m bushes, no fruit set.

345) (same location) 2007/198/eb, Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) (Plant). 1/scattered herb, in fruit, seen. 2.3 m plant with NO:Galerucella damage.

346) (same location) TIME: 1333-1338. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. 2007/198/ec, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). index 1 call, heard. calling by multiple individuals. This calling was heard at the subsequent stations, but is aggregated as one record here.

moved 0.05 km SE.
347) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.8 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89026N 76.20777W TIME: 1337. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Alnus/Thuja thicket swamp. 2007/198/f, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 135, enter band of Thuja with Alnus understorey.

moved 0.00 km S.
348) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.8 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89022N 76.20776W TIME: 1338. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Alnus/grass/Thuja thicket swamp. 2007/198/g, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 136, 40 cm x 1.2 m wide dry drainage ditch in muck.

moved 0.32 km NNE.
349) Tay Canal, 3.8 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89292N 76.20643W TIME: 1341. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: swamp forest along canal. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181341/a, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). 1 call, heard. calling vigorously from shore (wet forest). Weather: bright overcast, calm, unseasonably warm.

moved 0.30 km S.
350) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.8 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89025N 76.20708W TIME: 1343. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Alnus/grass/Thuja thicket swamp. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/198/h, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 137, 30 cm deep x 1 m wide dry drainage ditch in muck. NO:Pseudacris crucifer calling now.

moved 0.03 km E.
351) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89020N 76.20666W TIME: 1347. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: dense Alnus/mixed thicket swamp. 2007/199/aa, Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn) (Plant). 1 shrub, in fruit, seen. WAYPT/Y 138, isolated shrub 3.5 m tall, 3.5 cm DBH. This is the first of this species seen since leaving the Tay River.

352) (same location) 2007/199/ab, Odocoileus virginianus (Whitetail Deer) (Mammal). present adult, tracks. I've been largely following Deer paths through this swamp.

moved 0.02 km NNE.
353) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89036N 76.20653W TIME: 1351-1356. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: clayey excavated shallow pond in Alnus/grass/Thuja thicket swamp. 2007/199/b, visit () (event). natural history, wade. WAYPT/Y 139, came upon a sudden opening in the swamp. It wasn't immediately obvious that this was an excavated pond -- it was just a complex of 4-10 m wide channels of greenish clay muck in the surrounding dense Alnus/grass/Thuja thicket swamp. The waypoint is on a stick & clay islet that may be an old Beaver lodge. There's no sign of current Castor activity, but here was a hole in the bank, and a splash, that may have been due to Ondatra. There were a lot of large snail species. A couple of inidentifiable splashes were all that was seen of Rana (True Frog).

A steep-sided nearby 4 m-tall pile of spoil, topped by Lonicera (Honeysuckle) and Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn) bushes, makes it clear that this is an excavated wildlife pond.

354) (same location) 2007/199/ba, Helisoma trivolvus (Larger Eastern Ramshorn) (Mollusca). abundant shell, seen. most of the shells on the shores & bottom.

355) (same location) 2007/199/bb, Helisoma campanulatum (Bell-mouth Ramshorn) (Mollusca). common shell, seen. shells on the shores & bottom.

356) (same location) 2007/199/bc, Lymnaea stagnalis (Great Pond Snail) (Mollusca). 2 shell, seen. shells on the shores & bottom.

357) (same location) 2007/199/bd, Bulimnea megasoma (Showy Pond Snail) (Mollusca). 1 shell, seen. shells on the shores & bottom.

358) (same location) 2007/199/be, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). few call, heard. steady calling.

moved 0.52 km NW.
359) Tay Canal, 3.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89377N 76.21106W TIME: 1403. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Typha-topped sandbar between channel & marshy arm of canal. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181403/a, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 4+2+31 adult, shell, specimen. 72, 55 mm alive, 4 fresh pairs, 13 old pairs, 18 old valves. Largest old valve 81 mm, largest of the 4 fresh valves, which were saved as the collection, 77.5 mm. On channel side found many Elliptio shells, 2 alive, and one dead gaping Elliptio with animal still inside. Doesn't smell too decomposed.

360) (same location) MGK 07 Oct 181403/b, Lasmigona costata (Fluted Shell) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. 94.5 mm finely fluted shell.

moved 0.56 km SE.
361) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89056N 76.20566W TIME: 1407. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Rhamnus cathartica woods under spaced-out Elm & Ash trees. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/199/c, Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn) (Plant). dominant shrub, seen. WAYPT/Y 140, still green while canopy trees are leafless. This is at the edge of these woods, which are impessively dominated by the under canopy of this species, at 4-6 cm DBH.

moved 0.01 km ENE.
362) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.9 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89060N 76.20550W TIME: 1407-1415. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: managed White Pine platation with Rubus idaea ground cover. 2007/199/d, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). index 1 call, heard. WAYPT/Y 141, more than 1 calling steadily in short bouts. Reached the wildlife trail here at 14h10 -- this record amalgamates calling from 3 waypoints.

moved 0.52 km NE.
363) N shore Tay Canal, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89375N 76.20057W TIME: 1410ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: riprap shore of small canal. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181410/a, Mustela vison (Mink) (Mammal). 1 adult, food, photo. running over breakwall, seen with with a half eaten Perch. Seemed to follow canoe, approached very close. It went out of sight among the rocks but was induced to reappear when I made scratching noises with my paddle. After it posed for a photo it went back out of sight among the rocks. After a few minutes noisily maneuvering among the rocks it reappeared with a half eaten Perca flavescens (Yellow Perch), and then ran away along the shore.

Canoed here along riprap breakwall along canal (north shore). Possibly good basking habitat for juvenile map turtles but did not observe any.

moved 0.52 km SSW.
364) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88986N 76.20419W TIME: 1415. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: 15 x 6 x 2 m pile of chunks of wood & lumber in grassy oldfield. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/199/e, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 142, a surprising feature behind the PWR barns. On 16 October 2007 MGK wrote of this pile: "at 44.88994 -76.20415 noted a large pile of logs and other anthropogenic coarse woody debris. about 2.5 m high and ca 12 x 7 m at base. Logs rotting, spaces partly filled with detritus. Could be SAR snake habitat (for laying, ecdysis, refuge). In meadow so gets sun. "

moved 0.11 km SSE.
365) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88894N 76.20373W TIME: 1418-1427. AIR TEMP: 19, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth, in Typha marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Matt G. Keevil. 2007/199/fa, Harmonia axyridis (Southern Ladybird Beetle) (entomological). 300 ca mature, seen. swarming wall of observation tower, always ca 10 in flight. These seriously speckled the red board wall of the barn/observation tower of the CA. No check on the possible presence of other Ladybird species among these.

366) (same location) 2007/199/fb, Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red Squirrel) (Mammal). present call, heard. calling noted.

moved 0.75 km ENE.
367) Perth Wildlife Reserve, Tay Marsh, 4.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89106N 76.19475W TIME: 1420ca. AIR TEMP: 19, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: grassy point in openwater/Typha marsh, low, flat abandoned farm in yg forest. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181420/a, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). index 1 call, heard. calling noted. Canoed to "Silver Maple Point", and pulled out canoe. Noticed more calling from peepers.

moved 0.70 km WSW.
368) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88891N 76.20314W TIME: 1429. AIR TEMP: 19, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: lawn/gravel parkinglot in low, flat abandoned farm in brushy 2 nd growth near marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/199/ga, Junco hyemalis SUBSPECIES:hyemalis (Slate-coloured Junco) (Bird). 20 ca adult, seen, heard. WAYPT/PWA, on parkinglot and lawn.

369) (same location) 2007/199/gb, Turdus migratorius (Robin) (Bird). 15 ca adult, seen, heard. around parkinglot and lawn. From here I walked down to the mouth of Jebbs Creek, where MGK had just put Fairhaven Bay on his Jeep, and was starting to drive out.

moved 0.05 km W.
370) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88894N 76.20373W TIME: 1500ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: parking lot in abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181500/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. began walk around main trail to survey Species at Risk habitat. Especially for Lanius and Elaphe habitat. AIR_TEMP for these are lifted from FWS observations, and times are estimated by allowing 10 minutes for each station.

moved 0.17 km WNW.
371) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88933N 76.20588W TIME: 1510ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Large rockpile at forest/hayfield edge. MGK 07 Oct 181510/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Base of pile about 4 m x 4 m. Height ca 1.5 m. Large Fraxinus (Ash) beside pile. Mature Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple) nearby. Other trees early successional. Southern exposure. May represent SAR snake habitat. Nearby hayfield is large, potential Lanius ludovicianus (Loggerhead Shrike) habitat. Adjacent to other fields but fencerows need to be improved.

moved 0.17 km S.
372) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88778N 76.20568W TIME: 1512. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: 4 4 m circular beds of mostly alien cultivated plants in grassyoldfield. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/199/h, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 143, Mississippi Valley Field Naturalists' garden. From here I followed a mowed path south, but it soon ended.

moved 0.09 km SSW.
373) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88704N 76.20609W TIME: 1517. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: 70 cm wide, 2 m wide ditch in treed Rhamnus cathartica/treed "fencerow". 2007/200/aa, Vitis cf riparia (Frost Grape) (Plant). 1 vine, seen. WAYPT/Y 144, 5 cm DBH, running up into crown of Burr Oak. There's a small Crataegus (Hawthorn) on the west side of this ditch among Rubus idaea (Red Raspberry) and Solidago (Goldenrod).

374) (same location) TIME: 1517-1523. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. 2007/200/ab, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). few call, heard. calling sporadically.

moved 0.21 km NNE.
375) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88887N 76.20550W TIME: 1520ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Large rotting hardwood stump adjacent to rock pile & mature hardwood trees. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181520/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. At forest/hayfield edge. Southern exposure. possible SAR snake habitat.

moved 0.23 km SSW.
376) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88683N 76.20615W TIME: 1523. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: recent Spruce plantation in grassy oldfield. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/200/b, Picea cf glauca (White Spruce) (Plant). 1/codominant sapling, seen. WAYPT/Y 145, was 157 cm & grew 83 cm this year. This is the fastest growing individual in this section of the plantation. Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) calling continues.

moved 0.38 km NNE.
377) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.0 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88995N 76.20422W TIME: 1530ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: 3 adjacent clearings in conifer plantation. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181530/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. One clearing at these coordinates one to NE and one to SW. Have islands of Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn). Too small to act as shrike habitat.

moved 0.49 km S.
378) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88557N 76.20458W TIME: 1538. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Rhamnus catharica shrub in small clearing in grassy oldfield -- clearing surrou. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/200/c, <orange-fruited herb> (not listed) (Plant). 2 herb, dead, in fruit, specimen. under Crataegus at the margin of the clearing. MGK found another of these near the PWR headquarters -- we have no idea what it is.

moved 0.49 km N.
379) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88994N 76.20415W TIME: 1540ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: 15 x 6 x 2 m pile of chunks of wood & lumber in grassy oldfield. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181540/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Revisited logpile. Flushed a Lagomorph from base of pile.

moved 0.47 km S.
380) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88570N 76.20342W TIME: 1544-1548. AIR TEMP: 19.5, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Beaver dam across slow crk between grassy-peat hummock marsh & muck-over bedrock stream. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/200/da, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 2 adult, seen, active. ca 40 cm slender snakes on shore, both with slight stub tails.

moved 0.65 km N.
381) Perth Wildlife Reserve. (25m waypoint), 44.89154N 76.20362W TIME: 1550ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Damp meadow. Scattered Salix, Populus tremuloides, Alnus. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181550/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Too small and damp for shrikes but adjacent to large hayfield.

moved 0.58 km S.
382) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (170m alg creek), 44.88631N 76.20297W TIME: 1553-1640. AIR TEMP: 19.5, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: flowless muck & gravel bedrock creek in grassy swamp. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/200/ea, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 2+ adult, shell, captured, specimen. WAYPT/Y 146, 85, 83 mm alive, plus shells. This is a remarkably soupy substrate, with much of the bottom obscured by died-back vegetation, and chunky with Beaver wood. The bottom is firmer sand & clay downstream, but there's fewer shells there.

383) (same location) 2007/200/eb, Pyganodon grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 1+ adult, shell, captured, specimen. 77 mm alive, plus shells.

384) (same location) 2007/200/ec, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 9/abundant adult, shell, seen. many shells & alive, 9 old shells in sample, largest 29.7 mm.

385) (same location) 2007/200/ed, Campeloma decisum (Brown Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). several shell, seen. some shells in bottom muck, none in preserved sample.

386) (same location) 2007/200/eea, Helisoma trivolvus (Larger Eastern Ramshorn) (Mollusca). 1/several shell, seen. some shells in bottom muck, 1 old shell in preserved sample.

387) (same location) 2007/200/eeb, Lymnaea stagnalis (Great Pond Snail) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. 42.5 mm shell in preserved sample.

388) (same location) 2007/200/eec, Sphaerium simile () (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. 19 mm pair in preserved sample.

389) (same location) 2007/200/ef, Rana clamitans (Green Frog) (herp). many adult, juvenile, seen. many juvs & 1 adult jumping into water.

390) (same location) 2007/200/eg, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 1 adult, juvenile, seen. juv jumping out of water.

moved 0.55 km N.
391) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89130N 76.20289W TIME: 1600ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Fencerow between hayfield and wet meadow. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181600/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Fencerow between hayfield and meadow described in previous record. Could be connected by removing Rhamnus (Buckthorn) and most large trees from fencerow. Most trees are Thuja, Rhamnus (Buckthorn), or Ulmus (Elm).

392) (same location) MGK 07 Oct 181600/b, Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) (Bird). 2 adult, seen, heard. flushed from fencerow.

393) (same location) MGK 07 Oct 181600/c, Odocoileus virginianus (Whitetail Deer) (Mammal). 3 adult, seen, heard. in hayfield.

moved 0.21 km NE.
394) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89264N 76.20102W TIME: 1610ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Rockpile in patch of Thuja at edge of damp open woodland area. MGK 07 Oct 181610/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Mostly small rocks. Too close to water table, too shaded to be a snake hibernaculum. Underneath a Prunus serotina (Black Cherry). Woodland featured Rhamnus (Buckthorn), Ulmus (Elm), Fraxinus (Ash), Lonicera (Honeysuckle), Clematis (Clematis), Rhus typhina (Staghorn Sumac), and Solidago (Goldenrod).

moved 0.05 km ESE.
395) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89249N 76.20044W TIME: 1620ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Cut up Black Cherry trunk. MGK 07 Oct 181620/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Logs large and rotting in centre. Possible habitat for SAR snakes, especially after they have rotted down a bit more.

moved 0.16 km ESE.
396) Perth Wildlife Reserve/4.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89209N 76.19843W TIME: 1630ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Dry short grass meadow. MGK 07 Oct 181630/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Looks like good habitat for shrikes but probably too small and isolated. One small Juniperus virginianus (Eastern Red Cedar) noted. Also scattered Juniperus communis (Common Juniper), Ulmus (Elm), Rhamnus (Buckthorn), Rhus typhina (Staghorn Sumac), and Lonicera (Honeysuckle). Should remove Rhamnus (Buckthorn) and replace with Crataegus (Hawthorn).

moved 0.64 km SSW.
397) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88719N 76.20275W TIME: 1640. AIR TEMP: 19.5, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: rocky flowless creek in brushy wetland. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/200/f, Castor canadensis (Beaver) (Mammal). present dam, seen. WAYPT/Y 147, 50 cm dam not holding the water back very much. Downstream limit of 2007/200/e sample.

moved 0.68 km NE.
398) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.5 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89210N 76.19750W TIME: 1640ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Dry short grass meadow. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181640/a, Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed) (Plant). few herb, seen. A few Milkweed noted. Still in the same meadow as the previous record.

moved 0.12 km ESE.
399) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89163N 76.19606W TIME: 1650ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Typha marsh/open Rhamnus cathartica shore of abandoned farm. MGK 07 Oct 181650/a, Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake) (herp). 5 adult, seen, active, photo. all along water's edge, 1 injured. . . . upper right mandible swollen and protruding. Right eye twice as big as normal and a uniform opaque cream colour. Photos taken.

moved 0.60 km SW.
400) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88770N 76.20127W TIME: 1655. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: shallow gravel-over-bedrock creek in brushy area. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/200/g, visit () (event). natural history, wade. WAYPT/Y 148, bridgeless abutments at creek. Notes here are really incomplete and confused. There was a pile of scat that may have been Procyon lotor (Raccoon) feeding on Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn) fruit.

401) (same location) 2007/200/ga, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). 4+1 adult, shell, specimen. 1 alive, 89.3 mm, 4 old thin inflated pairs, largest 94 mm. Shells mostly upstream of here.

moved 0.51 km NE.
402) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89092N 76.19668W TIME: 1700ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Large fallen tree. ca 90 cm diameter. rotten. many holes. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181700/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Perhaps good SAR snake habitat but not much sun. Found a geocache tucked into one of the hollow limbs.

moved 0.16 km W.
403) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89100N 76.19875W TIME: 1710ca. AIR TEMP: 19 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: meadow of long grass and forbs (Solidago dominant). MGK 07 Oct 181710/a, Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, walk. Sizable stand observed in corner of meadow. Meadow slopes down to Jebbs Wetland. No shrubs except one clump of Alnus (Alder).

moved 0.21 km SSW.
404) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88919N 76.19958W TIME: 1715. AIR TEMP: 18 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: gravel/cobble creek through grassy field. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/200/h, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). shell, specimen. WAYPT/Y 149, inflated fairly old 90 mm pair.

moved 0.08 km NW.
405) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88966N 76.20028W TIME: 1720ca. AIR TEMP: 18 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Large fallen tree in woodland of Beech, Elm, Ostrya, Rhamnus, Bur Oak, Black Cherry. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181720/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. Fallen tree is rotting. Old elm from early epidemics of dutch elm disease? Surrounding woodland is mostly of quite small trees.

moved 0.14 km SW.
406) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88880N 76.20164W TIME: 1730ca. AIR TEMP: 18 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: Dry meadow. MGK 07 Oct 181730/a, Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed) (Plant). scattered herb, seen. scattered plants. Meadow is bordered by Jebbs Wetland to SE, buildings to NW, Woodland to NE. Patch size would be increased if it were to be connected to adjacent hayfield. Double fencerow to south.

moved 0.28 km ENE.
407) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.5 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88997N 76.19856W TIME: 1731. AIR TEMP: 18 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: floating-Potamogeton mucky slow creek through grassy field. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/200/ia, Lampsilis cardium () (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. WAYPT/Y 150, old inflated 117 mm F shell. Left the creek here to walk along the shore

408) (same location) 2007/200/ib, Pyganodon grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 1 shell, specimen. old thin inflated 111 mm broken pair.

moved 0.09 km NE.
409) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.5 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89052N 76.19776W TIME: 1739. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: floating-Potamogeton mucky slow creek through tall-grassy meadow/marsh. 2007/201/aa, Pontederia cordata (Pickerel-weed) (Plant). dominant herb, dead, seen. WAYPT/Y 152, lines the deep black creek here. This waypoint is at a turn in the creek. I'm forcing my way through the grass on the banks. Surveying this stretch for Unionids would require a sunny day and a canoe.

410) (same location) 2007/201/ab, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 1 juvenile, seen. ca 40 mm SVL, in grass.

moved 0.51 km WSW.
411) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.2 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88801N 76.20317W TIME: 1740ca. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: double fencerow with hayfields on either side. OBSERVER: Matt G. Keevil. MGK 07 Oct 181740/a, visit () (event). natural history, walk. survey of Species at Risk habitat. One fence is stone, can't remove. Could remove other, increase in total open habitat available. Along stone fencerow could clear Rhamnus (Buckthorn) and most other trees, Acer negundo (Manitoba Maple), Thuja, etc, and replace with Crataegus (Hawthorn).

moved 0.51 km ENE.
412) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve. (25m waypoint), 44.89052N 76.19776W TIME: 1746. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: cobble riffle in mucky slow creek through tall-grassy meadow/marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/201/ba, visit () (event). natural history, wade. WAYPT/Y 153, this is the end of the deep slow reach.

moved 0.15 km E.
413) Jebbs Creek, Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89061N 76.19588W TIME: 1747. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: cobble riffle in mucky slow creek through tall-grassy meadow/marsh. 2007/201/bb, visit () (event). natural history, wade. WAYPT/Y 154, this is the same riffle as 2007/186/d. NO:Unionidae seen along here.

moved 0.26 km W.
414) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.89099N 76.19909W TIME: 1752. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: brushy fencerow in low, flat abandoned farm near Typha marsh. 2007/201/c, Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) (Mammal). 1 adult, seen, AOR. ran across track.

moved 0.43 km WSW.
415) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88894N 76.20373W TIME: 1759. AIR TEMP: 16, overcast, calm. HABITAT: parking lot in abandoned farm in yg forest/Buckthorn 2 nd growth. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Matt G. Keevil. 2007/201/d, arrival () (event). natural history, walk. we both arrive at Jeep simultaneously. . . . and leave for rendezvous with AKS & Judy Courteau at Tim Hortons on Co Road 1.

moved 2.1 km WSW.
416) Perth Wildlife Reserve Rd/Co Road 1, 3.1 km SE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88013N 76.22726W TIME: 1812. AIR TEMP: 16, overcast, calm. HABITAT: brushy roadside. 2007/201/e, Rhus radicans (Poison-ivy) (Plant). 1/dominant shrub, shed, specimen. WAYPT/Y 155, 80 cm upright clump in 50 m stand along road. Leaves red and falling.

moved 2.7 km NNW.
417) Perth: Tay R/Beckwith St. (25m waypoint), 44.90098N 76.24600W TIME: 1907. AIR TEMP: 15 ca, overcast, calm. HABITAT: canal in town. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2007/201/f, visit () (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/Y 156, canal looks worth investigating. "Tay Watershed Discovery Evening" - Open House and Exhibition
Thursday, October 18, 2007
Royal Canadian Legion Hall, Perth

On Thursday, October 18 th, the Friends of the Tay Watershed will host their annual public open house, with Paula Sherman as the featured speaker. Ms Sherman is Co-chief of the Ardoch Algonquin First Nation and an associate professor at Trent University.

The evening will also include a large exhibition of about 30 organisations, focusing on a range of currently important water and environment subjects, including mining exploration and uranium; the status of rural and Perth water supplies; new programs to protect water supplies; upgrading wells and septic systems; Lake Management Planning Programs; climate change; watershed information systems; and much more.

The Friends' Annual Environmental Awards will be presented, and the evening will be topped off with a five-item celebrity auction.

This evening is open to the public, there is no admission charge, and there will be something of interest for everyone.

Please come, get informed, enjoy the contacts and refreshments, and support the numerous initiatives that will be featured.

Our keynote speaker - Paula Sherman - has been a leader for the First Nations in challenging the exploration of uranium mining in the Frontenac-Mississippi area, based on several complex and related issues - including the environmental dangers to water and land resources of Uranium mining, native land rights, updating of the archaic Mining Act and the expansion of nuclear energy in Ontario. Ms. Sherman, resident in the Ardoch area, is a mother of four and grandmother of three - and teaches in the Native Studies Department of Trent University.

Exhibits open from 6:30 to 7:45 pm; Presentations at 7:45 pm

For more information on this event, and the Friends, visit their web site at www. tayriver. org

Friends of the Tay Watershed
P. O. Box 2065, 57 Foster St.
Perth, ON, K 7 H 3 M 9
(613) 264 0094
www. tayriver. org


25 April 2008

moved 9.8 km E.
418) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Tay River backwater at Hwy 43, Port Elmsley. (100m wetland(assumed)), 44.89321N 76.12252W TIME: 2126-2128. AIR TEMP: 17, overcast. HABITAT: Tay River backwater behind highway, Salix/Acer/Populus woods. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2008/061/ha, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) (herp). index 3 call, heard. chorus. Road surface dry from Perth to here. There are some DORs on the road here, but I didn't get out of the van to examinie them.

419) (same location) 2008/061/hb, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). index 3 call, heard. chorus.

420) (same location) 2008/061/hc, Rana sylvatica (Wood Frog) (herp). index 1 call, heard. few calling.

421) (same location) 2008/061/hd, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). index 1 call, heard. few calling.

422) (same location) 2008/061/he, Bufo americanus (American Toad) (herp). index 1 call, heard. few calling.


3 May 2008

moved 6.9 km WSW.
423) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Jebbs Crk/Co Road 1. (100m topo map(assumed)), 44.87454N 76.20613W TIME: 1105. HABITAT: peaty lake-outlet, Typha-Lythrum marsh, deciduous forest. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2008/069/g, visit () (event). lost, drive. bridge being rebuilt, realize we're going the wrong way. So we turn around.

moved 6.0 km ENE.
424) Port Elmsley Road, 4.7 km N Rideau Ferry bridge. (25m waypoint), 44.88929N 76.13265W TIME: 1450ca. AIR TEMP: 23 ca, light overcast, breezy. HABITAT: brushy/grassy oldfields. 2008/072/g, Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). 1 adult, male, DOR. WAYPT/Y 134, freshly flattened M(by claws), ca 100 mm PL.


5 May 2008

moved 0.88 km ENE.
425) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Tay R/Port Elmsley Road. (25m waypoint), 44.89159N 76.12200W TIME: 1244-1249. HABITAT: small rocky river in town. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Judy Courteau. 2008/078/f, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/Y 198, looking for drift, but found none. . . . as the river just rushes straight past the bridge and adjacent houses.

426) (same location) HABITAT: bridge over small rocky river in town. 2008/078/fa, Testudinata (Turtle) (herp). few egg, prey of predator, seen. old shells from predator-opened nests on SE gravel roadside. . . . but none in the sparsely vegetated soil on the slope below the road, which looks much nicer as substrate, but is doubtless more shaded.

moved 2.4 km SW.
427) Tay Canal/Port Elmsley Road, 2.5 km SW Port Elmsley. (25m waypoint), 44.87552N 76.14160W TIME: 1249. HABITAT: narrow canal in brushy oldfield/deciduous woods. 2008/078/g, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/Y 199, unarmoured shores to canal. . . . giving this scene a very rural character.

moved 5.9 km W.
428) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.4 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88556N 76.21544W TIME: 1746. HABITAT: brushy Rhamnus cathartica roadside. 2008/081/aa, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). few shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 221, shrubs S of road.

moved 0.08 km E.
429) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.5 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88567N 76.21441W TIME: 1746. HABITAT: brushy Rhamnus cathartica roadside. 2008/081/ab, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). few shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 222, shrubs S of road.

moved 0.06 km E.
430) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.6 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88573N 76.21364W TIME: 1746. HABITAT: brushy Rhamnus cathartica roadside. 2008/081/ac, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). few shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 223, shrubs S of road.

moved 0.21 km E.
431) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.7 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88609N 76.21099W TIME: 1747. HABITAT: brushy Rhamnus cathartica roadside. 2008/081/ba, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). few shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 224, shrubs N of road.

moved 0.18 km ENE.
432) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 3.8 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88683N 76.20899W TIME: 1747. HABITAT: brushy Rhamnus cathartica roadside. 2008/081/bb, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). few shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 225, shrubs S of rd at entrance gates.

moved 0.37 km ENE.
433) Perth Wildlife Reserve, 4.1 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88800N 76.20460W TIME: 1750-1806. AIR TEMP: 17 ca, sunny, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: excavated pond in grassy oldfield. 2008/081/ca, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). 1+? call, heard. calling with trills & few peeps, never more than 1 calling. Very Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) -like.

434) (same location) 2008/081/cb, Rana pipiens (Leopard Frog) (herp). 1+? call, heard. few calls.

435) (same location) 2008/081/cc, Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). 1 adult, seen, bask. ca 125 mm PL, basking on small floating log.

moved 1.08 km WSW.
436) Perth Sewage Reserve, 3.3 km ESE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.88564N 76.21789W TIME: 1809. HABITAT: flooded deadtree/brushy area near grassy berm. 2008/081/da, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) (herp). index 2 call, heard. WAYPT/Y 226, small intermittant chorus of shrill trills.

437) (same location) TIME: 1809-1812. 2008/081/db, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). 1 call, heard. few peeps & trills. Trills instantly distinguishable from those of Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog), though in the absence of that species they might have caused puzzlement.

moved 0.99 km SW.
438) Co Road 1/PWR entrance road, 3.1 km SE Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.87998N 76.22766W TIME: 1816. HABITAT: shrubby roadside fencerow, grassy fields. 2008/081/e, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). 1 shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 227, shrub SW of intersection.

moved 5.8 km ENE.
439) Highway 43, 2.9 km W Port Elmsley. (25m waypoint), 44.89564N 76.15781W TIME: 1849. HABITAT: roadside residential lawn. 2008/081/f, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). 1 shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 228, shrub S of road, in yard. I'd relaxed my waypointing finger, and missed a couple stands along Highway 43 from Perth to here.

moved 1.8 km E.
440) Highway 43, 1.2 km WNW Port Elmsley. (25m waypoint), 44.89554N 76.13528W TIME: 1850. HABITAT: roadside brushy area. 2008/081/g, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). several shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 229, shrubs in brushy area.

moved 1.04 km ESE.
441) North Elmsley: Tay River backwater at Hwy 43, Port Elmsley. (100m wetland(assumed)), 44.89321N 76.12252W TIME: 1851-1852. HABITAT: Tay River backwater behind highway, Salix/Acer/Populus woods. 2008/081/h, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) (herp). index 1 call, heard. small chorus N of road.


12 May 2008

442) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Tay River backwater at Hwy 43, Port Elmsley. (100m wetland(assumed)), 44.89321N 76.12252W TIME: 2230-2232. AIR TEMP: 12, light overcast, calm. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2008/091/fa, Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper) (herp). index 2 call, heard. small chorus, traffic noise.

443) (same location) 2008/091/fb, Pseudacris triseriata (Striped Chorus Frog) (herp). index 1 call, heard. few calling, traffic noise.

444) (same location) 2008/091/fc, Hyla versicolor (Tetraploid Gray Treefrog) (herp). 1 call, heard. 1 calling, traffic noise.


2 June 2008

moved 0.16 km ESE.
445) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Port Elmsley, Highway 43/Port Elmsley Road. (25m waypoint), 44.89257N 76.12070W TIME: 1510. AIR TEMP: 23 ca, cloudy, breezy. HABITAT: rural village at mouth of rocky river at canal. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Corey Wood. 2008/112/f, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/Y 303, road patchily wet on diverse scales.


5 June 2008

moved 0.36 km ESE.
446) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Highway 43 at Rideau Canal, 0.4 km ESE Port Elmsley. (25m waypoint), 44.89173N 76.11627W TIME: 1400-1406. AIR TEMP: 26 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: grassy rdside/marshy canal-river/residences. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2008/117/da, Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). 1 adult, female, DOR. WAYPT/BI 080, big crushed F(by claw length).

moved 0.08 km E.
447) Highway 43 at Rideau Canal, 0.4 km ESE Port Elmsley. (25m waypoint), 44.89161N 76.11527W TIME: 1400-1406. 2008/117/db, Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox) (Mammal). 1 juvenile, DOR. WAYPT/BI 081, large juvenile crushed, rufous pelage.

448) (same location) 2008/117/dc, Hyla versicolor (Tetraploid Gray Treefrog) (herp). index 1 call, heard. few calling from marshy pond N of highway.

moved 0.06 km W.
449) Rideau Canal at Hwy 43, 0.4 km ESE Port Elmsley. (25m waypoint), 44.89155N 76.11609W TIME: 1400-1406. AIR TEMP: 26 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: grassy rdside/marshy canal-river/residences. 2008/117/dd, Iris pseudacorus (Yellow Flag) (Plant). 1 herb, in bloom, seen. WAYPT/BI 082, 1 bloom at water's edge between canal & parking area.

450) (same location) 2008/117/de, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). index 1 call, heard. few calls from marshy bay of canal.


17 August 2008

moved 9.8 km W.
451) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth: Last Duel Park. (300m park(assumed)), 44.89956N 76.23976W TIME: 0920. AIR TEMP: 20 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: oldfields & ditches along highway. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler, Robert Forsyth. 2008/182/f, Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) (Plant). common herb, in bloom, seen, driveby. low intense patches of this species along Hw 43 from Smiths Falls. Past Perth, we head west on Highway 7.


9 May 2009

moved 1.05 km NE.
452) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Highway 43, 1.9 km E Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.90494N 76.22885W TIME: 0923. AIR TEMP: 16 ca, overcast. HABITAT: railway/rdside. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/059/i, Prunus nigra (Canada Plum) (Plant). 1 clump shrub, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 069, clump in dense bloom N of road.


27 May 2009

moved 11.8 km SSW.
453) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Burgess: Burgess Township Hall, Narrows Lock Road. (25m web map), 44.80926N 76.29384W TIME: 0935. AIR TEMP: 13 ca. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. WAYPT/BURG, arrival () (event). drive. WAYPT/BURG, for Freshwater Mussel & Native Crayfish Workshop.

moved 0.20 km N.
454) Burgess Township Hall, Narrows Lock Road. (25m waypoint), 44.81103N 76.29401W TIME: 0935. WAYPT/Y 128, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). cartography, drive. WAYPT/Y 128, parkinglot waypt only 11 m from Google Map coords.


24 July 2009

moved 12.4 km NNE.
455) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Highway 43, 3.3 km E Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.90580N 76.21145W TIME: 1500-1504. AIR TEMP: 23, sunny, cloudy, breezy. HABITAT: brushy/grassy rdside/trackside, with small Elms & Parsnips, among fields & residences. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/156/a, cf Sium suave (Water Parsnip) (). codominant herb, in bloom, specimen. WAYPT/Y 104, scattered stand N of road. There was also a stand of "another Umbellifer, " N of the highway just W of Merrickville.

moved 0.26 km W.
456) Highway 43, 3.0 km E Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.90556N 76.21479W TIME: 1509. AIR TEMP: 23, sunny, cloudy, breezy. HABITAT: brushy/grassy rdside/trackside, brushy oldfield. 2009/156/b, cf Sium suave (Water Parsnip) (). codominant herb, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 105, in grass between highway & tracks. . . . continuous along the tracks or highway from the collection site.

moved 16.9 km NW.
457) Lanark Village: Lanark at Hwy 511 intersection. (25m waypoint), 31F/1, 45.01612N 76.36251W TIME: 1529. AIR TEMP: 24 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: town. 2009/156/ga, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/Y 109, trying to find the centre of Lanark.


28 July 2009

moved 23.5 km SE.
458) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: North Elmsley: Tay R/Port Elmsley Road. (25m waypoint), 31C/16, 44.89159N 76.12200W TIME: 1358-1407. AIR TEMP: 28, sunny, windy. HABITAT: bridge over highwater rocky river in town, bed green with filiamentous algae. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/165/fa, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). 1+nests egg, prey of predator, seen. 1 predated nest right at edge of pavement under guard rail. . . . SW of bridge, among Melilotus alba (White Sweet-clover), Medicago sativa (Alfalfa), Vicia cracca, and Yarrow. There's one other site with shells along the curb turning the coner to the street to the SW, and 4 other digging sites.

459) (same location) 2009/165/fb, Rana catesbeiana (Bull Frog) (herp). 1 adult, DOR. dry flake on road, 10 smaller anuran flakes nearby.

moved 14.4 km W.
460) Bathurst: Tay R at Glen Tay bridge. (50m ard bridge), 44.87651N 76.30397W TIME: 1431-1434. AIR TEMP: 28 ca, cloudy, windy. HABITAT: highwater clear river, low weirs, limestone bedrock/sand bed, in village. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/166/ca, visit () (event). natural history, seen. water too high to plausibly search for Crayfish or Unionids. "What we have here is vast amount of water, making its unhurried way to the sea. "

461) (same location) HABITAT: brushy garden near highwater clear river in village. 2009/166/cb, Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard) (Plant). common herb, seen. in brushy garden Sw of bridge. Nearby a male senior citzen Homo sapiens (Human People) was spraying what we took to be herbicide on a driveway and garden borders: doubtless this is a senior citizanal duty, depite the present provincial prohibition of recreational pesticides. But maybe it was manure tea that he was spraying.

moved 11.4 km SW.
462) Orion Clarks, 691 North Shore Road. (25m waypoint), 44.81855N 76.42280W TIME: 1448-1549. AIR TEMP: 28 ca, cloudy, windy. HABITAT: rocky Black Oak/sugar Maple forest on lakeshore at cottage. 2009/166/d, Tibiacen (Dogday Cicada) (entomological). 1(+?) call, heard. WAYPT/Y 143, a few whines. FWS met with Orion while AKS slept in the car.

moved 2.7 km ENE.
463) Tay R/Co Road 6, 1.7 km ENE Christie Lake(settlement). (50m ard bridge), 31C/16 T, 44.82386N 76.38878W TIME: 1556-1605. AIR TEMP: 27, cloudy, windy. HABITAT: fast deep clear granite/boulder/gravel/muck river, oldfield/fencerow shores. 2009/166/ea, Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) (herp). many egg, nest, prey of predator, seen. lots of opened nests & digging, mostly SW of bridge. But some in all quadrats: a very dug-up bridge.

464) (same location) 2009/166/eb, Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle) (herp). present egg, nest, prey of predator, seen. opened nests & digging, most identifiably NE of bridge. Water high, but not so high as to make a survey impossible.

moved 0.12 km SE.
465) Tay R/Co Road 6, 3.0 km SW Dewitt Corners. (25m waypoint), 31C/16, 44.82301N 76.38782W TIME: 1605. AIR TEMP: 27, cloudy, windy. HABITAT: grassy rdside/grassy oldflelds. 2009/166/f, Lupinus (not listed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, seen, driveby. dense patch between road & fence S of bridge.

moved 2.0 km SW.
466) Co Road 6, 1.4 km SSE Christie Lake(settlement). (25m waypoint), 44.80857N 76.40315W TIME: 1608. AIR TEMP: 28 ca, cloudy, windy. HABITAT: brushy oldfield/young woods. 2009/166/g, Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk) (Mammal). 1 juvenile, DOR, driveby. WAYPT/Y 144, DOR small juvenile.

moved 2.5 km WSW.
467) Co Road 6, 3.1 km SSW Christie Lake(settlement). (25m waypoint), 44.79642N 76.42925W TIME: 1610. AIR TEMP: 28 ca, cloudy, windy. HABITAT: brushy oldfield/woodland on knolly Shield. 2009/166/h, Melilotus alba (White Sweet-clover) (Plant). dominant herb, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 145, billowy clouds along roadside. NO:Pastinaca sativa here! Once again we're impressed by the lack of public access to the south shore of Christie Lake.

moved 5.7 km WSW.
468) Tay R/Co Road 36. (25m waypoint), 44.77654N 76.49572W TIME: 1620-1627. AIR TEMP: 28, sunny, windy. HABITAT: rocky brownwater river in Typha marsh. 2009/167/aa, Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) (Plant). common herb, in bloom, prey of predator, seen. WAYPT/Y 146, leaves very perforate, stems twisted. Some of these were pushing up through the barren rock embankmentsd of a recent bridge reconstruction.

Water is high and somewhat greenish, too deep right here to sample for macro invertebrates so we'll have to go upstream or downstream for sampling.

469) (same location) 2009/167/ab, Tibiacen (Dogday Cicada) (entomological). 1 call, heard. whining.

moved 1.17 km NNW.
470) rail bridge 3.3 km NNE Bolingbroke. (25m waypoint), 31C/15, 44.78608N 76.50198W TIME: 1630-1637. AIR TEMP: 28, sunny, windy. HABITAT: bridge over rail line in rockcut through mixed forest. 2009/167/ba, Sium suave (Water Parsnip) (Plant). common herb, in bloom, seen. WAYPT/Y 147, scattered all along tracks to W of bridge. . . . even up on the walls of the rockcut.

NO:Pastinaca sativa here.

471) (same location) HABITAT: rocky roadside at bridge over rail line in rockcut through mixed forest. 2009/167/bb, Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress Spurge) (Plant). 1/1 patch herb, in fruit, specimen. 1 stand along road S of bridge, only a few green seeds.

moved 3.2 km SSW.
472) Tay R at Bolingbroke bridge. (100m ard waypoint), 44.75981N 76.51963W TIME: 1648-1650. AIR TEMP: 28 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: high bridge over clear coarse cobble stream in gorge-like valley in village. 2009/167/c, Cystopteris bulbifera (Bulblet Fern) (Plant). abundant herb, in bloom, seen, driveby. WAYPT/Y 148, densely on cliffs above bridge. When we're sampling here, we'll have to sample well downstream and upstream of the bridge.



see BMNHC/FoTW 2009 survey of Tay macro-invertebrates for observations from Summer of 2009 Macro-invertebrate survey.


15 August 2009

moved 3.6 km ENE.
473) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Bathurst: 3.9 km ENE Bolingbroke. (25m waypoint), 31C/16, 44.77213N 76.47772W TIME: 1030ca. AIR TEMP: 30 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: mountain trail. OBSERVER: Jeff Ward -- communicated to: Aleta Karstad Schueler. AKS 09 Aug 151030/a, Neohelix () (Mollusca). 2 shell, specimen. broken mature shells. O'Brien Lake bioblitz. Position recorded as 18 T 383072 4958700, +/- 9 m, presumed NAD 83.

moved 0.35 km SSE.
474) O'Brien L at King's dock, 3.6 km ENE Bolingbroke. (25m waypoint), 44.76926N 76.47606W TIME: 1100. AIR TEMP: 30 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: steep rocky bank of mesotrophic clearwater lake at lawn. OBSERVER: Aleta Karstad Schueler. AKS 09 Aug 151100/a, Pyganodon grandis (Common floater) (Mollusca). 3 shell, specimen. WAYPT/Y 069, 113, 102, & 54 mm not-fresh thin valves.

475) (same location) AKS 09 Aug 151100/b, Ferrissia () (Mollusca). 1 adult, specimen. on Pyganodon grandis valve.

moved 0.28 km ENE.
476) O'Brien L at Turner Pt, 3.9 km ENE Bolingbroke. (25m waypoint), 44.76980N 76.47266W TIME: 1110. AIR TEMP: 30 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: rocky point in mesotrophic clearwater lake. AKS 09 Aug 151110/a, Viviparus georgianus (Banded Mystery Snail) (Mollusca). 27 adult, shell, specimen. WAYPT/Y 070, alive & shells, largest 27.2 mm. Specimens sent to Eva Pip, Sept 2009.

moved 0.37 km W.
477) Barbara & Jeff King's, 3.5 km ENE Bolingbroke. (25m waypoint), 44.77001N 76.47735W TIME: 1115. AIR TEMP: 30 ca, sunny, breezy. AKS 09 Aug 151115/a, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/Y 071, #602 O'Brien Lake Lane.


24 October 2009

moved 28.0 km ENE.
478) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Highway 43, 6.1 km E Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.90309N 76.17514W TIME: 0950:04. AIR TEMP: 12 ca, light rain. HABITAT: roadside marshlet. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/283/g, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, seen, driveby. WAYPT/283, tousled 10 m plumed stand N of road.

moved 1.39 km WNW.
479) Highway 43, 4.8 km E Perth. (25m waypoint), 44.90652N 76.19209W TIME: 0950:54. AIR TEMP: 12 ca, light rain. HABITAT: rdside/railside ditch. 2009/283/h, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, seen, driveby. WAYPT/284, 10 m stand N of road. These three records constitute a complete survey of Phragmites (Reed) along Highway 43 from Bolton Road to Perth.

moved 4.4 km W.
480) Perth: Perth Legion, 26 Beckwith Street East. (25m waypoint), 44.90108N 76.24706W TIME: 0958. AIR TEMP: 12 ca, light rain. HABITAT: parkinglot around canalside institutional building. 2009/283/i, arrival () (event). drive. WAYPT/285, for 8th Annual Lake Links Workshop, rain ended. This provided a relatively boring exposition of the government view of lake management, which left us battered by jargon and redundancy, and which left the audience of lake and cottage association members visibly stunned. FWS stuck it out, beside the Friends of the Tay Watershed exhibit which described our August survey of macro invertebrates, but Aleta, who has a shorter fuse regarding boomph and jargon, spent much of the time out in the vehicle working on her website.


Schedule

Displays: 9:00 am to 3:00 pm

Registration and Displays 9:00 am - 9:30 am
Welcome and Introductions 9:30 am - 9:40 am
Session 1: "The What, When, Where and Why's of Measuring Water Quality" - Dana Cruikshank, Ministry of the Environment Surface Water Scientist 9:40 am - 11:00 am

Panel Discussion - Dana Cruikshank, Ministry of the Environment Surface Water Scientist - Patrick Larson, Senior Water Resources Technician Watershed Watch Program - Gray Merriam, Ecologist, Frontenac Stewardship Council/ Kennebec Lake Association

Break 11:00 am - 11:15 am

Session 2: "The 2008 Kawartha Lakes Stewards Aquatic Plants Study, and Aquatic Plants 'Guide'" - Dr. Eric Sager, Ecological Restoration Program, Fleming College/Trent University 11:15 am - 12:00 pm

Lunch Networking and Displays 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm

Session 3 "Citizen Science Monitoring" - Mike Yee, Biologist, Rideau Valley Conservation Authority 1:00 pm - 1:30 pm

Session 4 "The Role of the Recreational Angler in Fisheries Research, Monitoring and Management" - Dr. Steven Cooke, Associate Professor of Environmental Science and Biology, Carleton University

"Ministry of Natural Resources Broadscale Monitoring Program and other Fisheries Monitoring Programming"
- Anne Bendig, Biologist, Ministry of Natural Resources, Kemptville - Cam Mc Cauley, Biologist, Ministry of Natural Resources, Kingston - 1:30 pm - 2:45 pm

Wrap up and Workshop Evaluations: 2:45 pm - 3:00 pm

Close 3:00 pm

481) (same location) TIME: 1235-1245. AIR TEMP: 15 ca, light rain. HABITAT: brushy/treed backyards around parkinglot of canalside institutional building. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/284/aa, Hypsizygus ulmarius (Manitoba Maple Knothole Oyster) (Fungus). 1 in fruit, seen. 1 mushroom high in an Acer negundo.

482) (same location) 2009/284/ab, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). common herb, dead, seen. frost-blasted small stands around lot, still bearing flowers.

moved 0.08 km E.
483) T 20, Tay R at Beckwith St bridge. (25m waypoint), 44.90115N 76.24602W TIME: 1545-1547. AIR TEMP: 16.5, light overcast, Beaufort light breeze. HABITAT: highwater canal in town. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/284/b, Elliptio complanata (Eastern Elliptio) (Mollusca). few shell, seen. WAYPT/286, a few middling fresh shells. No sign of predation on this species here since our visit this August.

The bottom and rocks are coated with short fluffy algae.


7 June 2010

moved 0.54 km W.
484) Canada: Ontario: Lanark County: Perth. (100m waypoint), 44.90168N 76.25283W TIME: 1830. AIR TEMP: 17, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: small city. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2010/143/c, visit () (event). natural history, seen, drive. streets in Perth all torn up for reconstruction.

moved 10.5 km E.
485) Highway 43, 0.1 km ESE Port Elmsley, Highway 43/Port Elmsley Road. (25m waypoint), 44.89246N 76.11998W TIME: 1837:07. HABITAT: highway in riverside town. 2010/143/d, Sciurus carolinensis (Grey Squirrel) (Mammal). 1 adult, DOR, driveby. WAYPT/227, black pelage.