EOBase Narrative of the trip to New Brunswick, December 2009.



12 December 2009

1) Canada: Ontario: Grenville County: Oxford-on-Rideau: Bishops Mills General Store. 31B/13, UTM 18TVE46 446 688.4 44.87282N 75.70097W. TIME: 1050. AIR TEMP: -4, sunny, Beaufort light breeze. ROUTE: Co Road 18, Highway 401, Autoroutes 20, 540, 40, 25, 20, Hwys 2, 7. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. bhhzlog, departure (departure) (event). natural history, drive. 164295 km, to Saint John with vehicle-full load of specimens. . . . (in a slow schuelerian sort of way). We're planning to be down to Saint John and back by Tuesday, with so many specimens stuffed into the Mercedes that we argue about bringing another pair of shoes, and we've had to cut off the corners of some boxes to fit them into the vehicle. Now the data for the specimens are on the key drive and the computer that we're bringing, and Aleta has finished thermosing the Bear soup, coffee, and tea, that's to hydrate us, and the sandwiches, vegetables, and Smart Food popcorn that's to nourish us, along the way.

We've printed out the directions to McAlpines, and for getting through Montreal, and concluded that there's not enough Phragmites (Reed) waypoints along the route to warrant explicitly trying to revisit the stands seen in 2001, Aleta has raw material ready for the cards she hopes to leave at the New Brunswick Museum bookshop, and the cell-phone internet stick, and we're off.

moved 21.7 km SE.
2) Edwardsburgh: Highway 401/Co Road 18, Prescott. 31B/12, 44.72278N 75.52524W TIME: 1137:13. AIR TEMP: -4, sunny, hazy, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/311/c, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/019, almost continuous around interchange. This was the beginning of a spasmodic survey of Phragmites (Reed) along Highway 401 and Autoroute 20 coming into Montreal. The GPS unit wouldn't work when plugged into the computer, so it was all done by hand, and the stands were so abundant and many of them so graduated into one another, or so whispy, that it was hard to even say what was a stand, let alone figure out an appropriate strategy for waypointing or counting them.

moved 4.0 km NE.
3) : : : Highway 401, 4.0 km NE Highway 401/Co Road 18, Prescott. 31B/11, 44.74740N 75.48867W TIME: 1139:44. AIR TEMP: -4, sunny, hazy, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/311/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). codominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/020, stands noted SE of highway.

moved 9.6 km NE.
4) Highway 401/Shanly Road. 31B/14, 44.81062N 75.40519W TIME: 1145:38. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/311/e, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/021, in median mown down, scattered tall tufts.

moved 54.9 km ENE.
5) Highway 401, 1.9 km W Highway 401/Hwy 138. 31G/2, 45.05458N 74.79695W TIME: 1220:18. AIR TEMP: -3, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/311/fa, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/022, so many stands along here. . . . that one couldn't possibly waypoint them. There are fields of shoots in the median or low stands on the mowed roadside or high bluff-like stands in the wide Typha (Cattail) marshes that flank much of the road.

6) (same location) 2009/311/fb, Corvus brachyrhynchos (Crow) (Bird). 8 adult, seen, driveby. on SE roadside, no DOR evident in low snowbank.

moved 13.3 km E.
7) Highway 401, 3.4 km WSW Highway 401/Co Road 27, Exit 804, Summerstown. 45.07518N 74.62969W TIME: 1228:39. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/311/g, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/023, big stands both NW & SE of highway for 1 km or more. This is the second of these bilterally flanked stretches we've come through.

moved 3.4 km ENE.
8) Canada: Ontario: Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry Cos: Highway 401/Co Road 27, Exit 804, Summerstown. 45.09046N 74.59236W TIME: 1230:39. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/311/h, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/024, wide stands in all 4 quadrats of interchange.

moved 8.3 km NE.
9) : : : Highway 401/Raisin River, 0.8 km WSW Co Road 2, Lancaster exit. 45.13241N 74.50516W TIME: 1235:40. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: slow muddy river in open fields. 2009/311/i, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/025,.

moved 13.7 km NE.
10) Canada: Ontario: Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry Cos: Highway 401, 1.2 km SW Highway 401/Quebec border. 31G/1, 45.20226N 74.36069W TIME: 1244:35. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: open field. 2009/311/j, Corvus corax (Raven) (Bird). 1 adult, seen, driveby. WAYPT/026, over field S of road.

moved 5.5 km ENE.
11) Canada: Quebec: : Autoroute 20, 4.3 km ENE Highway 401/Quebec border. 45.22830N 74.30161W TIME: 1248:18. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside in Red Maple swamp. 2009/311/k, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/027, solid walls N & S of highway.

moved 3.6 km NE.
12) Autoroute 20, 1.5 km WNW Saint-Zotique. 45.24672N 74.26431W TIME: 1250:36. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside in Red Maple swamp. 2009/311/l, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/028, solid walls N & S of highway continous to here.

moved 3.3 km NE.
13) Autoroute 20, 2.6 km NNE Saint-Zotique. 31G/8, 45.26339N 74.22954W TIME: 1252:44. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside in Red Maple swamp. 2009/311/m, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/029, solid walls N & S of highway continous to here.

moved 5.6 km NE.
14) Autoroute 20/Riviere Rouge. 45.30030N 74.18064W TIME: 1256:07. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: slow river in flat agricultural area. 2009/312/a, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). natural history, driveby. WAYPT/030, river not closely observed. Phragmites (Reed) is less dense along here, though with stands always in sight, than it was SW of here.

moved 5.9 km ENE.
15) Autoroute 20, 5.9 km ENE Riviere Rouge. 45.32833N 74.11701W TIME: 1259:41. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/312/b, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/031, 1 km or more of wide mowed-down stands N & S of highway. . . . with some narrow full-grown stands along fences.

from here we followed google maps and Brian Day's advice through Montreal:

9. Merge onto King's Highway 401/Mac Donald-Cartier Freeway Entering Quebec, Continue onto Route 20 E - 29.0 km
11. Continue onto QC-540 N/Route 540 N (signs for Mirabel/QC-540/QC-40) - 4.1 km
12. Take the QC-40 exit on the left toward Mirabel/Montréal - 0.1 km
13. Keep right at the fork to continue toward QC-40 E/TC E and merge onto QC-40 E/TC E - 48.3 km
14. Take exit 80-S for QC-25/T-C Highway toward QC-20 - 0.6 km
15. Merge onto QC-25 S/TC E - Continue to follow TC E -Entering New Brunswick - 517 km

moved 64.1 km ENE.
16) Autoroute 20/30 & 10. 31H/11, 45.57373N 73.37220W TIME: 1404:20. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/312/c, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/032, in wide fields in all 4 quadrats of interchange. This is the most of this species we've seen since leaving built-up Montreal.

Zooming across the city we discovered Montreal's civic motto: "Almost as unnecessary as Toronto, " with the alternative "Totally Phragmited. "

moved 5.8 km ENE.
17) Autoroute 20, 2.0 km WNW Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil. 45.58449N 73.29983W TIME: 1407:56. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/312/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/033, continuous stands on median & N & S of highway for>1 km.

moved 8.6 km E.
18) Autoroute 20/Richelieu River. 45.59435N 73.18981W TIME: 1413:19. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/312/e, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/034, continuous stands on median & N & S to W bank. . . . and a little less continuously on the east side of the river.

moved 4.8 km E.
19) Autoroute 20 rest area, 4.8 km E Highway 20/Richelieu River. 45.59730N 73.12836W TIME: 1417:05. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: highway rest area in Red Maple secondgrowth. 2009/312/f, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen. WAYPT/035, stands in Red Maple woods E & W of rest area. The stand along both sides of the highway and on the median are essentially continuous from the Richelieu river to here.

moved 10.2 km ENE.
20) Autoroute 20, 4.8 km W Saint-Hyacinthe. 45.63316N 73.00748W TIME: 1433:12. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/312/g, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/036, E end of cont. stands N & S of highway & on median. . . . but these continuous stands soon resume, and are apparently present, though mowed down, through Saint-Hyacinthe.

moved 5.6 km ENE.
21) Autoroute 20/Riviere Yamakaska, 2.7 km N St-Hyacinthe. 31H/10, 45.65058N 72.94044W TIME: 1436:24. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy rdside/deep slow river. 2009/312/h, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). present herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/037, cont. stands N & S of highway & on median interrupted. . . . at the river, but soon resume to the east.

moved 4.2 km ENE.
22) Autoroute 20/224, 5.9 km NE Saint-Hyacinthe. 45.66099N 72.88837W TIME: 1438:48. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: flat fields/superhwy roadside. 2009/313/aa, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/038, stands N & S of highway & on median. . . but mounded as individual stands, not the continuous wall of stems we've seen W of here.

moved 2.9 km ENE.
23) Autoroute 20, 8.6 km ENE Saint-Hyacinthe. 45.66660N 72.85235W TIME: 1440:26. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: flat fields/superhwy roadside. 2009/313/ab, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/039, E end of continuous stands N & S of highway & on median.

moved 6.8 km NE.
24) Autoroute 20/116, 13.2 km WSW Saint-Nazaire-d'Acton. 45.70393N 72.78361W TIME: 1444:19. AIR TEMP: -5 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/313/b, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/040, low sparse stands in ditches & lgr denser stands. . . . perhaps where they're cut less frequently, resulting in a Brockville-like "too many stands to count. "

moved 22.9 km NE.
25) Autoroute 20/122, 13.2 km NNE Saint-Nazaire-d'Acton. 31H/15, 45.85377N 72.58137W TIME: 1457:42. AIR TEMP: -6.5, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/313/c, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/041, nrly continuous or at least always-visible stands. . . . along here, then nrly continuous to the E, and mowed down through Drummondville.

moved 7.9 km NE.
26) Autoroute 20, Drummondville. 45.90912N 72.51696W TIME: 1502:20. AIR TEMP: -6.5, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy rdside/oldfield. 2009/313/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/042, sev dense 100 m stands in field S of highway. . . . in a stretch where there's been less Phragmites (Reed) than seen W of here.

moved 1.6 km E.
27) Autoroute 20/St-Francois River. 31H/16, 45.90963N 72.49631W TIME: 1503:21. AIR TEMP: -6.5, sunny. HABITAT: riffly/rapids river in wooded valley. 2009/313/e, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/043, continue E.

moved 6.6 km NE.
28) Autoroute 20, 8.9 km NNE Drummondville. 45.95251N 72.43670W TIME: 1508:06. AIR TEMP: -6.5, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/313/f, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/044, continuous stands N & S of highway & on median. The stands were continuous on the S side for >1 km W of here, and then on all three rdsides here for 500 m.

Patchily continuous to E to Riv. des Saults.

moved 14.2 km NE.
29) Autoroute 20, 1.2 km SW Autoroute 20/Riv. Nicolet. 31I/1, 46.05071N 72.31930W TIME: 1516:58. AIR TEMP: -6.5, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy rdside/open fields. 2009/313/g, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/045, continuous stands N & S of highway & on median. . . . here after a stretch with only patchy stands.

moved 1.20 km NE.
30) Autoroute 20/Riv. Nicolet. 46.05860N 72.30863W TIME: 1517:42. AIR TEMP: -6.5, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: river/superhwy roadside. 2009/313/h, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/046, patchy to continuous stands along here. The river is plated over with fragmented ice; there's only a little snow here.

moved 12.3 km NE.
31) Autoroute 20, 12.3 km NE Autoroute 20/Riv. Nicolet. 46.13311N 72.18994W TIME: 1525:30. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/313/ia, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/047, begin count of stands on S side & in median.

moved 5.0 km NE.
32) Autoroute 20, 10.2 km SW Autoroute 20/Riv. Beaucour. 46.16425N 72.14273W TIME: 1528:39. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy rdside/wooded area. 2009/313/ib, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 50 stands herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/048, 50 th S-side & median stand since 2009/313/ia. This is the lowest density of this species we've seen since Montreal. Density increases E of here in an open area of flat fields.

moved 6.9 km NE.
33) Autoroute 20, 3.5 km SSW Autoroute 20/Riv. Beaucour. 46.20517N 72.07550W TIME: 1532:56. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/313/j, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/049, 100 m of continuous stands N & S of highway & on median. . . . otherwise there's just separate stands along here.

moved 3.5 km NNE.
34) Autoroute 20/Riv. Beaucour. 46.23503N 72.05939W TIME: 1535:21. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy rdside/river. 2009/314/a, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/050, quite continuous stands to SW, scattered to N.

moved 7.7 km NE.
35) Autoroute 20, 7.7 km NE Autoroute 20/Riv. Beaucour. 21L/5, 46.28503N 71.98976W TIME: 1540:19. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: Spruce/Larix woods, brushy superhwy roadside. 2009/314/b, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/051, centre of ca 500 m dense stands in median. . . . after a couple of km at least with no Phragmites (Reed).

moved 2.2 km NE.
36) Autoroute 20, 9.9 km NE Autoroute 20/Riv. Beaucour. 46.29836N 71.96880W TIME: 1541:43. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: Spruce/Larix woods, brushy superhwy roadside. 2009/314/ca, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/052, dense stands on SE side of road.

moved 0.24 km NE.
37) Autoroute 20, 10.1 km NE Autoroute 20/Riv. Beaucour. 46.29983N 71.96650W TIME: 1541:50. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: Spruce/Larix woods, brushy superhwy roadside. 2009/314/cb, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/053, dense stands on SE side of road.

moved 1.5 km NE.
38) Autoroute 20, 11.7 km NE Autoroute 20/Riv. Beaucour. 46.30923N 71.95164W TIME: 1542:47. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/054, 20 m sparse stand SE of road.

moved 0.21 km NE.
39) Autoroute 20, 10.3 km SW Villeroy. 46.31052N 71.94959W TIME: 1542:56. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, sunny. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/e, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 3 stands herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/055, 3 stands on median. . . . and then more around Highway 218 interchange NE of site.

moved 1.9 km NE.
40) Autoroute 20, 8.4 km SSW Villeroy. 46.32266N 71.93133W TIME: 1544:09. AIR TEMP: -7.5, sunny, calm. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/f, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/056, cluster of stands N & S of highway & on median.

moved 1.7 km NE.
41) Autoroute 20, 6.7 km SSW Villeroy. 46.33454N 71.91671W TIME: 1545:13. AIR TEMP: -8 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/g, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/057, scattered & sparse extensive stands to S & on median.

moved 0.59 km NE.
42) Autoroute 20, 6.1 km SSW Villeroy. 46.33856N 71.91176W TIME: 1545:36. AIR TEMP: -8 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/h, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/058, 200 m dense stand on median.

moved 1.15 km NE.
43) Autoroute 20, 5.1 km SSW Villeroy. 46.34599N 71.90138W TIME: 1546:19. AIR TEMP: -8 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/i, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/059, scattered big stands N & S of highway & on median. More stands to the NE.

moved 2.8 km NE.
44) Autoroute 20, 2.6 km S Villeroy. 46.36426N 71.87573W TIME: 1548:05. AIR TEMP: -8 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/j, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/060, scattered stands N & S of highway & on median. Continuous for 1 km on the median. Less continuous stands to SW, soon continuous to NE, especially in the median.

moved 10.4 km NE.
45) Autoroute 20/Riv. du Chene. 46.43243N 71.78221W TIME: 1554:37. AIR TEMP: -8 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/k, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/061, scrappy to dense stands SW of here.

moved 4.0 km NE.
46) Autoroute 20/Riv. Henri. 46.45801N 71.74490W TIME: 1557:12. AIR TEMP: -8 ca, sunny, calm. HABITAT: superhwy rdside/slow creek in flat grassy fields. 2009/314/l, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). abundant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/062, scattered small stands along here. NE of here there's at least one stand in sight for the next 6 km, scattered small stands with some long runs in the median through Laurier Station.

moved 27.9 km NE.
47) Autoroute 20, 18.4 km SW Autoroute 20/73. 21L/11, 46.63021N 71.47835W TIME: 1614:53. AIR TEMP: -8.5, clear, calm, sunset. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/314/m, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/063, 100 m narrow stand S of road. This is the first stand seen in >1 km.

moved 6.1 km ENE.
48) Autoroute 20, 12.4 km SW Autoroute 20/73. 46.65530N 71.40716W TIME: 1618:33. AIR TEMP: -8.5, clear, calm, sunset. HABITAT: greassy superhwy rdside/creek. 2009/315/b, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/064, 5 m stand SE of road on E bank of creek.

moved 2.9 km ENE.
49) Autoroute 20, 9.6 km SW Autoroute 20/73. 46.66706N 71.37377W TIME: 1620:15. AIR TEMP: -8.5, clear, calm, sunset. HABITAT: superhwy/railway roadside. 2009/315/c, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/065, 100 m narrow stand on SE side or tracks SE of road. The median here, however, appears to be solid mowed-down Phragmites (Reed).

moved 4.4 km ENE.
50) Autoroute 20, 5.3 km SW Autoroute 20/73. 46.68654N 71.32287W TIME: 1622:59. AIR TEMP: -8.5, clear, calm, sunset. HABITAT: superhwy/railway roadside, commercial area to N. 2009/315/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/066, tall 10 m stand SE of road between road & tracks.

moved 5.3 km NE.
51) Autoroute 20/73. 46.72427N 71.27944W TIME: 1626:19. AIR TEMP: -8.5, clear, calm. HABITAT: illuminated superhwy roadside. 2009/315/e, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/067, end Phragmites survey due to dusk.

moved 180.4 km NE.
52) Canada: Quebec: Bas-Saint-Laurent Region: Highway 185/Riv. Verte. 21N/14, 47.75788N 69.41978W TIME: 1909:38. AIR TEMP: -10 ca, clear. WAYPT/068, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/068, continue S into New Brunswick.

moved 174.5 km SE.
53) Canada: New Brunswick: : Highway 2. 21J/12, 46.69334N 67.73936W TIME: 2157:39. AIR TEMP: -15, clear. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/315/f, Alces alces (Moose) (Mammal). 2 adult, juvenile, seen, AOR. WAYPT/069, cow & calf on W side of road white rumps towards us.

moved 108.2 km SSE.
54) Canada: New Brunswick: York County: 4.9 km SE Prince William. 21G/15, 45.87378N 66.98609W TIME: 2332:43. AIR TEMP: -11, clear, breezy. HABITAT: roadside gas station at newly built superhwy interchange. 2009/315/g, visit () (event). drive. WAYPT/070, stopped for gas & put plastic bag across open window. From Fredericton you will come down Highway 7. The drive from Fredericton to Grand Bay-Westfield, where we live, is about 1 hour. Take Exit 80 into Grand Bay-Westfield. The road will loop down to River Vally Drive, where there will be a stop sign and a flashing yellow light. Turn right onto River Valley Drive (don't cross the road onto the bridge which crosses the Nerepis River) and proceed about 6-7 km. You will pass the entry for the Westfield Ferry on your left (there is convenience store on the right opposite) at about the 3 km mark; keep going, you will proceed up a fairly steep hill and it will level out. At about the 6.5 km mark you will see the local rink/arena on your right. Slow down and watch for Epworth Park Road on your left. Turn left onto Epworth Park Road (you will almost immediately cross a railway track; Star-key Garage and Waynes Auto World on your immediate left) and proceed about 200 m to the first intersection.

Go through the intersection and the road becomes Central Avenue and goes uphill. Continue on Central Avenue to the end of the road. Central Avenue twists to the left and then drops down a steep grade to the water. There a t-junction at the end of Central Avenue, Young Street. Turn right onto Young and we are the first house on the left (water-side) immediately after you take the turn. There is a large cedar hedge and an old-style shingled garage with the number 23 on it near the road. The house is two story with a turret on the right side, and is set back on the slope over-looking the river, with a series of 24 steps down to the front door (not great for old folks!). My home number is 738-2365, my work number 643-2345. Call on route and have a safe drive. Look forward to seeing you. Don.

moved 71.8 km SE.
55) Canada: New Brunswick: : Highway 7, 9.8 km NW Westfield. 21G/8, 45.43288N 66.31469W TIME: 2509:12. HABITAT: narrow roadside ditch below steep wooded slope. 2009/315/h, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/071, narrow stand W of road. This was the only roadside stand we saw in New Brunswick, and was immediately recognized by Don McAlpine as the only one he knew of in this area.

moved 14.8 km SE.
56) McAlpine's. 45.33290N 66.18940W TIME: 2532. WAYPT/MCALP, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). . WAYPT/MCALP, co-ordinates as provided by Don McAlpine.

moved 1.11 km S.
57) Canada: New Brunswick: Kings County: Grand Bay-Westfield: McAlpine's, 23 Young Street. 45.32288N 66.18912W TIME: 2532:04. AIR TEMP: -11, clear, breezy. HABITAT: steep residential/wooded slope above lake-like tidal estuary. 2009/315/i, arrival () (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/072, back window now thawed out.


13 December 2009

58) Canada: New Brunswick: Kings County: McAlpine's, 23 Young Street. 45.32288N 66.18912W TIME: 1012. AIR TEMP: -8 ca, sunny, breezy. ROUTE: directed by Don. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler, Don McAlpine. bhhzlog, departure (departure) (event). natural history, drive. 165412 km, to 277 Douglas Ave.

moved 9.8 km SSE.
59) Canada: New Brunswick: Saint John County: Highway 7, NW Churchill Heights. 21G/1, 45.23894N 66.15088W TIME: 1027:08. AIR TEMP: -7.5, sunny, breezy. HABITAT: grassy superhwy rdsides. 2009/316/a, Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox) (Mammal). 1 adult, DOR, driveby. WAYPT/073, crushed.

moved 6.3 km ENE.
60) Saint John: New Brunswick Museum, 277 Douglas Ave. 21G/8, 45.26914N 66.08205W TIME: 1457:12. HABITAT: museum building on steep woody slope above tidal Saint John River. WAYPT/074, visit () (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/074, delivered specimens.

moved 9.9 km WNW.
61) Canada: New Brunswick: Kings County: Grand Bay-Westfield: Highway 7, 6.8 km SSE Westfield. 45.31082N 66.19382W TIME: 1512:58. AIR TEMP: -1, overcast, calm. HABITAT: disturbed ground between road & railway. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Don McAlpine. 2009/315/j, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/075, stand W of road.

moved 0.41 km N.
62) Highway 7, 6.4 km SE Westfield. 45.31446N 66.19452W TIME: 1513:23. AIR TEMP: -1, overcast, calm. HABITAT: disturbed ground between road & railway. 2009/315/ka, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). many stands herb, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/076, S limit of stands E of road.

moved 0.26 km NNW.
63) Highway 7, 6.2 km SE Westfield. 45.31679N 66.19518W TIME: 1513:41. AIR TEMP: -1, overcast, calm. HABITAT: disturbed ground between road & railway. 2009/315/kb, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). many stands herb, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/077, N limit of stands E of road.

moved 6.3 km NW.
64) Highway 7, 0.1 km NW Westfield. 45.36251N 66.24236W TIME: 1527:25. AIR TEMP: -1, overcast, calm. HABITAT: brushy roadside slope down to river. 2009/316/b, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). several stands herb, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/078, many clumps on slope down to river.

moved 9.7 km NW.
65) Highway 7, 9.8 km NW Westfield. 45.43285N 66.31483W TIME: 1538:35. AIR TEMP: -1, overcast, calm. HABITAT: narrow roadside ditch below steep Picea/hardwood forest. 2009/316/c, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). 1/1 stand specimen. WAYPT/079, N end of stand. These woods are Picea (Spruce), Betula papyrifera (Paper Birch), Betula allegheniensis, and Acre rubrum. It's just a steep slope, not a rockcut. Don says that this stand has been here for years, but is now larger than it was in the past. He's collected a specimen here, but it's not yet in the collection.

moved 0.05 km SE.
66) Highway 7, 9.7 km NW Westfield. 45.43252N 66.31442W TIME: 1541:32. AIR TEMP: -1, overcast, calm. HABITAT: narrow roadside ditch below steep Picea/hardwood forest. 2009/316/c, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, dead, in fruit, seen. WAYPT/080, S end of stand.


14 December 2009

moved 26.6 km SE.
67) Canada: New Brunswick: Saint John County: Saint John: Highway 1, near Duck Cove. 21G/1, 45.24515N 66.10382W TIME: 0856:27. AIR TEMP: 0 ca, cloudy, breezy. HABITAT: disturbed ground in urban superhwy roadside. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/316/d, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/081, big stand N of highway. There are also other stands in theis area. Waypoint adjusted to the N side fo the highway by google maps.

moved 3.2 km NNE.
68) New Brunswick Museum, 277 Douglas Ave. 21G/8, 45.26923N 66.08200W TIME: 0907:13. AIR TEMP: 0, overcast, breezy. HABITAT: museum building on steep woody slope above tidal Saint John River. 2009/316/e, Corvus corax (Raven) (Bird). 1 adult, seen, heard. WAYPT/082, low stiff-winged overhead among a few Larus.

moved 6.2 km SW.
69) Saint's Rest Marsh, parking area. 21G/1, 45.22369N 66.12767W TIME: 1303-1558. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: parking area between barrier beach, salt marsh, & knolly wooded island. OBSERVER: Aleta Karstad Schueler, Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/317/da, visit () (event). natural history, water colour. WAYPT/087, looking E across beach, painted from inside vehicle. The low tide turned just as we were leaving.

moved 0.47 km WNW.
70) Saint's Rest Marsh, end of boardwalk. 45.22524N 66.13329W TIME: 1307. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: boardwalk near drainage creek in salt marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/316/f, Anas rubripes (Black Duck) (Bird). 20 ca adult, seen, heard. WAYPT/083, flew up from low-tide creek & flats.

moved 0.26 km ESE.
71) Saint's Rest Marsh, base of boardwalk. 45.22446N 66.13021W TIME: 1313:45. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: brushy edge of salt marsh. 2009/316/g, Mollusca () (Mollusca). shell, drift, seen. WAYPT/084, fairly shelly drift noted at tideline.

moved 0.60 km E.
72) Saint's Rest Marsh, beach. 45.22517N 66.12257W TIME: 1339:43. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: tideline of sand/gravel/cobble barrier beach between harbour entrance & salt marsh. 2009/31 h/h, Mollusca () (Mollusca). shell, drift, specimen. WAYPT/085, picked up along xx m of beach. There weren't many shel;ls here, and these were picked out of rolls of Ascophyllum and Fucus (Rockweed) at the upper tideline.

moved 0.46 km WSW.
73) Saint's Rest Marsh, beach. 45.22314N 66.12773W TIME: 1349. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. 2009/316/i, visit () (event). natural history, . WAYPT/086, W end of drift sample. The rocks that mark the W end of the beach have a greasy-smooth surface, and are draped with mostly Ascophyllum and less Fucus (Rockweed), and other algae that I no longer recognize.

moved 0.06 km N.
74) Saint's Rest Marsh, parking area. 45.22369N 66.12767W TIME: 1400ca. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: parking area between barrier beach, salt marsh, & knolly wooded island. OBSERVER: Aleta Karstad Schueler, Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/317/db, Corvus brachyrhynchos (Crow) (Bird). 1/10 ca natural history, seen, heard. flew 250 m towards tossed chunk of bread, landed in tree. . . . and called until we left to go to the bordwalk, at which point Crows assembled from all directions, and the bread (found in a trash barrel beside the lot) was gone when we returned.

moved 0.22 km WNW.
75) Saint's Rest Marsh, base of boardwalk. 45.22446N 66.13021W TIME: 1410-1419. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: brushy edge of salt marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/317/aa, Parus atricapillus (Blackcap Chickadee) (Bird). 10 ca adult, heard, seen, felt, photo. aggressively expecting handouts. Landed on FWS finger (and pecked it), and on AKS camera. There was also 1 Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red Squirrel) (with a tuft of haor at the end of its tail), 1 Picoides villosus (Hairy Woodpecker), and 1 Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker).

76) (same location) TIME: 1419. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. 2009/317/b, Mollusca () (Mollusca). shell, drift, specimen. fairly shelly drift at tideline. There's not many shells in the sample, but there were markedly fewer on the grassy drift up on the boardwalk.

moved 0.26 km WNW.
77) Saint's Rest Marsh, end of boardwalk. 45.22524N 66.13329W TIME: 1425-1430. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: boardwalk near drainage creek in salt marsh. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/317/c, Mollusca () (Mollusca). shell, drift, specimen. drift all over the platform at end of boardwalk. Though there's very little sign of shells in it, being composed mostly of beach grass chaff, with rolls of Ascophyllum and Fucus (Rockweed). The sample is enhanced by selection of Crab legs, which are the only conspicuous animal parts.

AKS photos of scene. There was a very bold Corvus brachyrhynchos (Crow) on one of the posts of the boardwalk which seemed to be expecting a handout, and allowed FWS to walk up within 5 m of it.

moved 0.47 km ESE.
78) Saint's Rest Marsh, parking area. 45.22369N 66.12767W TIME: 1430-1558. AIR TEMP: 4, cloudy, Beaufort gentle breeze, Beaufort moderate breeze. HABITAT: parking area between barrier beach, salt marsh, & knolly wooded island. OBSERVER: Aleta Karstad Schueler, Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/317/db, Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox) (Mammal). 3 adult, seen, photo. seen around parking lot, 1 with crippled hindleg. These are evidently habituated to handouts. We saw another crossing the access road on the landward end of the beach as we drove out.


15 December 2009

moved 12.0 km NNW.
79) Canada: New Brunswick: Kings County: Grand Bay-Westfield: McAlpine's, 23 Young Street. 21G/8, 45.32288N 66.18912W TIME: 0925. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast, calm. HABITAT: steep residential/wooded slope above lake-like tidal estuary. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/317/d, Sciurus carolinensis (Grey Squirrel) (Mammal). 2+ adult, seen. 2 grey ones seen, tracks all over 6 cm overnight snow.

80) (same location) TIME: 1031. AIR TEMP: 1, snowing, breezy. ROUTE: Highway 7, and ulitmately 1, 127, 3, 2, etc. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler, Don McAlpine. bhhzlog, departure (departure) (event). natural history, drive. 165412 km, to 277 Douglas Ave & New River for Phragmites survey.

moved 10.8 km SSE.
81) Canada: New Brunswick: Saint John County: Hwys 1/7. 21G/1, 45.23025N 66.14646W TIME: 1212. AIR TEMP: 0.5, light rain, foggy. HABITAT: superhwy interchange. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/317/g, visit () (event). natural history, drive. came through Saint John on streets, saw NO:Polygonum cuspidatum. On lawns or in gardens. Freezing rain right now, and intermittantly as we go west on Highway 1.

moved 26.9 km WSW.
82) Canada: New Brunswick: Charlotte County: Highway 1/Lepreau River. 45.17551N 66.48094W TIME: 1301:15. AIR TEMP: 1, overcast, drizzle. HABITAT: rocky brownwater river in Picea valley, wide grassy/shrubby rdsides with Moose fencing. 2009/317/h, visit () (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/088, NO:Phragmites seen since Saint John.

moved 2.6 km SSW.
83) Highway 1, 2.6 km SSW Highway 1/Lepreau River. 45.15342N 66.49097W TIME: 1304-1310. AIR TEMP: 1.5, overcast, drizzle. HABITAT: brushy rdside/sparse Picea forest. 2009/318/aa, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, dead, in fruit, specimen, photo. WAYPT/089, dense tall 8 m stand N of highway, on slope down from road. Photo #3743.

84) (same location) 2009/318/ab, Typha latifolia (Broad-leaved Cattail) (Plant). 1/common herb, dead, in fruit, specimen. head from sparse roadside stand. We've seen NO:Typha angustifolia along Highway 1.

moved 4.3 km WSW.
85) Highway 1/New River. 21G/2, 45.13695N 66.54109W TIME: 1321,1345. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: rapid rocky brownwater river near mouth at hwy bridge & recent houses. 2009/318/b, visit () (event). natural history, photo. WAYPT/090, photo from SE of bridge. Aleta couldn't decide if her previous painting of the New riover was here or upstream, so we decided to drive up Detour Road, which is shown conspicuously on the map, to Highway 730, to examine the bridge there.

There's a huge new house on the bay shore SE of the bridge, and a second photo #3756 was taken through the fence that surrounds it.

moved 0.26 km NE.
86) Highway 1/Detour Road, 0.3 km NE Highway 1/New River. 45.13827N 66.53843W TIME: 1321:35. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: brushy roadside. 2009/318/c, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). 5 stands herb, dead, seen. WAYPT/091, 1 small stand here with 3 just N & 1 SE of intersection.

moved 0.67 km N.
87) Detour Road, 0.9 km NNE Highway 1/New River. 45.14426N 66.53737W TIME: 1324:07. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: muddy tracked fresh clearcut in stunted Picea/mixed woods. 2009/318/d, visit () (event). natural history, photo. WAYPT/092, photo of separate piles of Betula & Conifer logs. Photos #3746.

moved 0.32 km NNW.
88) Detour Road, 1.1 km N Highway 1/New River. 45.14681N 66.53939W TIME: 1325. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: fresh clearcut in stunted Picea/mixed woods. 2009/318/e, visit () (event). natural history, photo. WAYPT/097, photo of mossy bank. Photos #3748.

moved 0.11 km NW.
89) Detour Road, 1.2 km N Highway 1/New River. 45.14749N 66.54037W TIME: 1328:04. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: residual stand among recently cut stunted Picea/mixed woods. 2009/318/f, Picea glauca (White Spruce) (Plant). dominant photo. WAYPT/093, photo of 1 large tree, looking into woods from road. Photos #3751, 3750.

moved 0.17 km NE.
90) Detour Road, 1.3 km N Highway 1/New River. 45.14863N 66.53888W TIME: 1330:07. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: brushy roadside in clearcut in stunted Picea/mixed woods. 2009/318/g, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). common herb, dead, seen, photo. WAYPT/094, 3 stands on roadside & 4 more around clearcut to N. Photos #3754, 3755.

moved 0.62 km NE.
91) Detour Road, 1.8 km NNE Highway 1/New River. 45.15203N 66.53269W TIME: 1332:46. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: stunted Picea/mixed woods. 2009/318/h, visit () (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/095, turn around as road degrages to an aimless track. This is beyond the limits of current logging activity.

moved 0.40 km WSW.
92) Detour Road, 1.5 km NNE Highway 1/New River. 45.15019N 66.53708W TIME: 1336:15. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: old brushy clearcut in stunted Picea/mixed woods. 2009/318/i, Betula papyrifera (Paper Birch) (Plant). 1/common tree, photo. WAYPT/096, photo of picturesque 2-trunked small tree. Photo #3753.

moved 1.7 km SSE.
93) New River Beach park parkinglot. 45.13618N 66.52938W TIME: 1349-1358. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: parkinglot for picnic ground/lawnpark above sandy bathing beach. 2009/318/j, Corvus corax (Raven) (Bird). 1 adult, seen, photo. WAYPT/098, flew to little tree on crest of shore. Photos #3761, 3760. There were also a lot of Corvus brachyrhynchos (Crow) around.

moved 0.10 km SSW.
94) New River Beach park access stairway. 45.13542N 66.53003W TIME: 1404:20. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: access staris from picnic ground/lawnpark to sandy bathing beach. 2009/318/k, visit () (event). natural history, photo. WAYPT/099, beach wide & barren, photos from stairway. The tideline was up among boulders on the foot of the bluff down from the lawnpark, so we didn't see much percentage in looking for drifted material.

Photo #3759 is a view of little houses in a sandy vove, and #3763 is a more general shot.

From here we decided to drive to Bar road and try to get an interotal drawing done before dark.

moved 5.1 km WSW.
95) Highway 1 at Pocologan causeway. 45.12027N 66.59114W TIME: 1418:11. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: causeway over inlet to harbour. 2009/319/a, visit () (event). natural history, driveby. WAYPT/100, bare sand flats to S, ice-covered pond to N. Coming along past Pocologan harbour, the Ascophyllum -covered bedrock outcrops were impressively black.

moved 8.3 km W.
96) Highway 1, 12.4 km W Highway 1/New River. 45.11895N 66.69751W TIME: 1424:15. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: dead-flat 'Blueberry Farms'. 2009/319/b, Vaccinium cf myrtilloides (Velvet-leaf Blueberry) (Plant). dominant shrub, driveby, seen. WAYPT/101, low purple blotching of flat fields. . . . presumed to be this species.

moved 8.6 km WNW.
97) Highway 1, 13.2 km ESE Highway 1/Digdeguash River. 45.13514N 66.80473W TIME: 1430:45. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, overcast. HABITAT: brushy highway roadside. 2009/319/c, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, dead, driveby, seen. WAYPT/102, small stand on brow of bank N of highway.

moved 3.3 km W.
98) Highway 1, 10.5 km ESE Highway 1/Digdeguash River. 45.13101N 66.84612W TIME: 1432:51. AIR TEMP: 1, foggy, calm. HABITAT: brushy highway roadside. 2009/319/d, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, dead, driveby, seen. WAYPT/103, 5 m stand on bank N of hwy at turnoff to St George.

moved 4.4 km WNW.
99) Highway 1, 6.2 km ESE Highway 1/Digdeguash River. 45.15030N 66.89480W TIME: 1438:40. AIR TEMP: 1, drizzle, foggy. HABITAT: Beaver-influenced brushy roadside ditch. 2009/319/ea, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen. WAYPT/104, E end 46 m tall dense stand among brush S of highway.

moved 0.05 km WNW.
100) Highway 1, 6.1 km ESE Highway 1/Digdeguash River. 45.15047N 66.89533W TIME: 1440:23. AIR TEMP: 1, drizzle, foggy. HABITAT: Beaver-influenced brushy roadside ditch. 2009/319/eb, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). 1/1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, specimen, photo. WAYPT/105, W end of 46 m stand, many fallen leaves on ground. There's low land on either side of the highway, with Alnus (Alder), Betula papyrifera (Paper Birch), Picea (Spruce). The Phragmites (Reed) are in a shallow flowing ditch, behind a screen of 4 m Alnus (Alder) and Betula papyrifera (Paper Birch). photo #3764.

moved 6.1 km WNW.
101) Highway 1/Digdeguash River. 45.18081N 66.96054W TIME: 1450:10. AIR TEMP: 1, drizzle. 2009/319/-, visit () (event). natural history, driveby. WAYPT/106, turned S just W of here onto Highway 127 to St Andrews. Saw one clump of a cf Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) on a lawn, about halfway down the peninsula, but failed to see it clearly, and failed to get a waypoint.

moved 11.7 km SW.
102) Bar Road, 2.3 km N St Andrews. 21G/3, 45.09921N 67.05456W TIME: 1508-1530. AIR TEMP: 1, light rain, calm. HABITAT: firm sand/bedrock/gravel intertidal beach. 2009/319/fb, Mollusca () (Mollusca). shell, drift, specimen. scattered shells from the bottom & massed tiny bivalves. . . . from one 2.5 m patch at mid-tide level, where they were piled up to 2 cm deep. Also a brown Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare) hindleg at the upper tide line with rolls of netting and ropes among the Ascophyllum.

103) (same location) TIME: 1508-1700. AIR TEMP: 1, light rain, calm. OBSERVER: Aleta Karstad Schueler, Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/319/fa, visit () (event). ink drawing. WAYPT/107, view of S end Minister's I from Bar Road on mainland. At 17h00 AKS has lost the dayight completely, and this sketch may not be tru enough, as the already dim grey light of this drizzly afternoon was fading quickly even as she began. The rocks in the foreground don't look nearly as impressive from up here in the parkinglot as they did when we were walking down among their seaweed-draped and -pelted forms. she took several photos of the swirling rhythmic forms of the straplike Asophyllum and the thickly branching Fucus (Rockweed), both of them ornately studded with bladders.

Only modest numbers of Littorina littorea, and of Barnacles, but we haven't flipped any rockweed to see what's on the rocks.

moved 0.17 km ESE.
104) Bar Road Herring Weir, 2.2 km N St Andrews. 45.09842N 67.05274W TIME: 1556,1620. AIR TEMP: 1, light rain, calm, dusk. HABITAT: sandy intertidal beach. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler. 2009/319/g, visit () (event). natural history, walk. WAYPT/108, low tide level, just below Mytilus zone on old weir. . . . which is now stubs of stakes with netting lying along the bottom. In shore of this point there are clumps of Mytilus tightly byssed to the still-undecayed nylon netting, and above the Mytilus plumes of Ascophyllum. The outer poles of the trap are still intact, but all the ones running out from shore are cut off to stubs.

A website says: "For many decades, fixed gear (stop seines and weirs) provided the bulk of the juvenile herring catch for the many packing plants once scattered along the Maine coast. Unfortunately, coastal schools of juvenile herring have all but vanished in recent years. "

moved 1.7 km SSW.
105) St Andrews, turn in Highway 127. 45.08445N 67.06288W TIME: 1729:24. AIR TEMP: 1, light rain, calm. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/320/b, visit () (event). natural history, drive. WAYPT/109, head N ot Hwys 1 & 3.

moved 8.4 km NW.
106) Highway 127, 9.3 km NW St Andrews. 45.14551N 67.12525W TIME: 1738:03. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, light rain, calm. 2009/320/c, Mustela erminea (Ermine) (Mammal). 1 adult, AOR, driveby. WAYPT/110, white pelage, ran across road HEADING:SW. This was brilliantly white against the dark pavement. It skittered across the road in front of us, and we guess Ermine's legs are too short to allow them to gallop, and in this case the legs were moving at such a rate that the Weasel stumbled and rolled once it was out of our path and in the other lane.

moved 13.6 km WNW.
107) Hwys 1/3 at St Stephens. 21G/11, 45.21065N 67.27273W TIME: 1753. AIR TEMP: 1 ca, light rain, calm. 2009/320/d, visit () (event). drive. N on Highway 3, NO:Phragmites seen along Highway 1.

moved 50.7 km NNE.
108) Canada: New Brunswick: York County: Hwys 3/4. 45.65536N 67.13141W TIME: 1840:56. AIR TEMP: 0, overcast. 2009/320/e, visit () (event). drive. WAYPT/111, continue NE on Highway 3, NO:Phragmites seen along Highway 3.

moved 27.0 km NE.
109) Hwys 3/2. 21G/15, 45.85313N 66.92838W TIME: 1907:52. AIR TEMP: -1 ca, snowing. 2009/320/f, visit () (event). drive. WAYPT/112, NW on Highway 2, NO:Phragmites seen along Highway 3.

moved 67.5 km NW.
110) : : : Palmer Rd/Hwy 2. 21J/5, 46.25311N 67.58841W TIME: 2017:56. AIR TEMP: -2, snowing, breezy. 2009/320/g, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). drive. WAYPT/113, wandering around off the main highway in heavy snow. The limited access Highway 2 has a 401-like monotony with scarey big trucks, only relieved by the fear that a Moose will step broadside out of the night in front of the vehicle. One of the big trucks was as spooky as a Moose, because it's tail lights were not working, and the reflectors dusted with snow so they didn't even work, and as we approached it from behind it gradually became visible as a black hole in the glare on the road from tail lights of the trucks ahead of it! Needless to say, we passed it with white knuckles, and then left the divided highway, and tried to find a place to spend the night.

moved 6.4 km NE.
111) just W Hartland bridge over Saint John River. 46.29625N 67.53324W TIME: 2028:44. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, snowing. HABITAT: snowy entrance drive to riverside park. 2009/320/h, visit () (event). drive. WAYPT/114, abortive campsite.

moved 0.44 km E.
112) Hartland, just E Hartland bridge over Saint John River. 46.29695N 67.52760W TIME: 2033-. AIR TEMP: -3 ca, snowing. HABITAT: riverside tourist info parkinglot in town. 2009/320/i, campsite () (event). drive. WAYPT/115, just W Hartland bridge over Saint John River. After some random touring resulting from a failure to read the map properly after the divided highway began to look too dangerous, we spent the night here, in the parkinglot of the tourist information booth on the east end of the "longest covered bridge in the world. " Our sleep was interrupted by some of the noisiest and most prolonged snow removal we've ever heard, but probably this is routine in urban situations. This climaxed (ca 04h00, EST) as the lot we were parked in was plowed (at last, carefully around us!), and then we just had the challenge of keeping cold air from seeping in under the stiffness of the super-warm sleeping bag Don McAlpine had lent us. It would have been warmer used closed than open, but there wouldn't have been room for both of us.


16 December 2009

113) : : : Hartland, just E Hartland bridge over Saint John River. 46.29695N 67.52760W TIME: 0700. AIR TEMP: -4 ca, snowing. OBSERVER: Frederick W. Schueler, Aleta Karstad Schueler. 2009/320 a/a, Corvus corax (Raven) (Bird). 1 adult, seen. flew past. AKS photos of the slushed-over Saint John River. The AIR_TEMP is taken off the vehicular thermometer, and may be somewhat high.

114) (same location) TIME: 0752. AIR TEMP: -7, overcast, windy. ROUTE: Highway 2, autoroute 150, 20, etc. bhhzlog, departure (departure) (event). natural history, drive. 165885 km, to Bishops Mills via Edmundston & Riv. -du-Loup. At dawn, with the insides of the windows solidly iced over, and the overcast beginning, as forecast, to break up, the slush pans moving down the river coalesed into a pretty continuous cover, and a Corvus corax (Raven) checking out the lot, we rearranged ourselves and drove off into the -7 C, windy morning, with blowing snow shooting across the road as we headed up the old two-lane Trans Canada highway.

The limited access Highway 2 we came south on, and north to here on, was opened only in 2007, so it's unlikely to be a profitable winter survey of invasives, as well as having a 401-like monotony with scarey big trucks.

moved 0.80 km NNW.
115) Highway 105, just N Hartland. 46.30403N 67.52971W TIME: 0808:24. AIR TEMP: -7, overcast, windy. HABITAT: settled Saint John River slope. 2009/320 a/b, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). dominant herb, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/116, bak covered with this species e of road.

moved 14.6 km NNW.
116) Canada: New Brunswick: : Highway 105, 15.2 km NNW Hartland. 46.42685N 67.59859W TIME: 0821:15. AIR TEMP: -7, overcast, windy. HABITAT: edge of tilled fields along highway. 2009/320 a/c, Arctium cf lappa (Great Burdock) (Plant). codominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/117, identified by habit of growth.

moved 2.7 km NW.
117) : : : Highway 105/Saint John River, Florenceville. 46.44702N 67.61859W TIME: 0823:08. AIR TEMP: -7, light overcast, windy. HABITAT: broad river in shallow agricultural valley. 2009/320 a/d, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/118, pans of slush floating down the river. There's something optimal about the Saint John as a river, as if Lampsilis cariosa (Yellow Lamp-Mussel) was somehow an appropriate inhabitant for it. . .

With blowing snow shooting across the road as we're
heading up this former TCH, seeing a few clusters of Japanese Knotweed, but NO:Phragmites. At one point we watched a pair of Corvus corax (Raven) landing on a crossroad, with heads up, wings held out like airplanes, and bouncing on their feet as they came down.

moved 16.2 km NNW.
118) Highway 105, 18.2 km S Perth-Andover. 21J/12, 46.57373N 67.72205W TIME: 0836:30. AIR TEMP: -7 ca, overcast, windy. HABITAT: riverside highway. 2009/320 a/e, Arctium cf lappa (Great Burdock) (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/119, massive stand W of highway. The river is frozen-over here.

moved 2.2 km N.
119) Highway 105, 16.1 km S Perth-Andover. 46.59308N 67.72616W TIME: 0837:54. AIR TEMP: -8, overcast, breezy, windy. HABITAT: riverside highway. 2009/320 a/f, Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) (Plant). several stands seen, driveby. WAYPT/120, big stand at foot of lawn S of waypoint. . . . and a big stand between river & Highway about 1 km N of the waypoint.

moved 17.1 km N.
120) Canada: New Brunswick: Victoria County: 1.3 km NNW Perth-Andover. 46.74703N 67.71335W TIME: 0850-1025. AIR TEMP: -10 ca, windy. HABITAT: grocery store on open slope above river. 2009/320 a/g, visit () (event). parked. WAYPT/121, stopped to buy groceries & GPS batteries. So here we are, exactly where, we can't say, because the last set of rechargeables for the GPS proved to be unrecharged, so we've stopped to buy unrechargeable batteries and smart food to sustain ourselves as we go up the Saint John River valley. Snow blowing up from the fields against the white wall of the grocery store is covering the windows, though the sky is blue and sunny overhead.

09h26:23 - Aleta's back from the store with exotic foods and hot soup, and batteries, so I can forecast that this will be waypoint #121. we sat and ate food and sent e-mail before heading N on the new limited-access Highway 2.

moved 8.5 km N.
121) Highway 2/Aroostock River. 21J/13, 46.82197N 67.73314W TIME: 1032:22. AIR TEMP: -11, sunny, windy. HABITAT: high superhwy bridge over river. 2009/320 a/h, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/122, continue N. Along this new highway there are vast interchanges with NO:Phragmites, and NO:Typha angustifolia, just scraggly stands of Typha latifolia (Broad-leaved Cattail). Other unoccupied habitat with NO:Phragmites are ditches, and especially barren dites at the foot of many rockcuts, but there are also many slopes down from the road that can't be scanned as we drive by.

moved 22.5 km N.
122) Highway 2, 3.8 km S Highway 2/Saint John River, Grand Falls. 21O/4, 47.02321N 67.76215W TIME: 1047:06. AIR TEMP: -12 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: crest of rockcul along new superhwy. 2009/320 a/i, Arctium cf lappa (Great Burdock) (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/123, dominant along crest of rockcut. Burdocks have been the conspicuous plant all along here, and are considered this species on the basis of their dark colour, big burrs, and slayed branching pattern.

moved 3.8 km N.
123) Highway 2/Saint John River, Grand Falls. 47.05777N 67.76436W TIME: 1049:27. AIR TEMP: -12 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: superhwy bridge over broad river. 2009/320 a/j, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/124, continue on Highway 2, river is ice-covered here.

moved 19.8 km NW.
124) Canada: New Brunswick: Madawaska County: Highway 2/Grand River. 47.19389N 67.93238W TIME: 1102:06. AIR TEMP: -12 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: small river in open fields. 2009/320 a/k, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/125, NO:Phragmites, NO:Typha angustifolia along here.

moved 21.4 km NW.
125) Highway 2/Riv. Verte. 21N/8, 47.33023N 68.13341W TIME: 1115:27. AIR TEMP: -12 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: superhwy bridge over river. 2009/320 a/l, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/126, no notes.

moved 13.8 km WNW.
126) : : : Highway 2, 13.8 km WNW Highway 2/Riv. Verte. 47.37209N 68.30624W TIME: 1124:02. AIR TEMP: -13, sunny, windy. HABITAT: roadside ditch at foot of slope. 2009/321/a, Typha cf x glauca (Hybrid Cattail) (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/127, small stand NE of road.

moved 18.3 km NW.
127) Canada: New Brunswick: Madawaska County: Highway 2/185 at Quebec border. 47.48696N 68.48101W TIME: 1136:36. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. 2009/321/b, reference (cartigraphic reference) (event). driveby. WAYPT/128, Quebec border, NO:Phragmites seen in NB today.

moved 5.4 km NW.
128) : : : Highway 185 at Madawaska River rest area. 21N/10, 47.51851N 68.53611W TIME: 1141. AIR TEMP: -15 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: riverside lawn pincic area, steepbanked claybed river. 2009/321/c, visit () (event). drive. WAYPT/129, stopped here for osmoregulatory relief.

moved 27.2 km WNW.
129) Canada: Quebec: : Highway 185, 4.1 km SSE Cabano. 47.64866N 68.84404W TIME: 1220:57. AIR TEMP: -16 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: highway roadside in agricutural area. 2009/321/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/130, driveby waypoint, this stand not noted in 2001. No idea why this driveby waypoint should be so far from those taken on the ground.

moved 0.39 km SSE.
130) : : : Highway 185, 4.5 km SSE Cabano. 47.64535N 68.84221W TIME: 1223:03. AIR TEMP: -16 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: highway roadside in agricutural area. 2009/321/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/131, E end of stand, up on road.


131) Canada: Quebec: : Highway 185, 4.6 km SSE Cabano. 47.64461N 68.84221W TIME: 1232:36. AIR TEMP: -16 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: highway roadside in agricutural area. 2009/321/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 2/1 stand herb, dead, in fruit, specimen, photo. WAYPT/133, W end of stand N of road, dense tall plumed stand. Photos #3803, 3804. There are problems with these waypoints: 132 was identical to 131, times don't make sense, all have longitude = -68.84221, and all have elevations of 0, which is a sign the Triton is having trouble.

moved 4.6 km NNW.
132) Highway 185 near Cabano. 47.67964N 68.87383W TIME: 1240ca. AIR TEMP: -17 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: ditch at foot of lawn, highway roadside in settled area. 2009/321/e, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, dead, in fruit, seen, driveby. whispy stand in roadside ditch S of Highway 185, not waypointed.

moved 20.2 km W.
133) Highway 185, 20.2 km W Cabano. 21N/11, 47.69339N 69.14310W TIME: 1245:56. AIR TEMP: -18, sunny, windy. HABITAT: small-tree muskeg-like spruce forest. 2009/321/fa, Picea (Spruce) (Plant). 1/dominant tree, host, photo. WAYPT/134, isolated tall tree with witch's broom.

moved 2.1 km W.
134) Highway 185, 22.4 km W Cabano. 47.69506N 69.17171W TIME: 1249:26. AIR TEMP: -18, sunny, windy. HABITAT: small-tree muskeg-like spruce forest. 2009/321/fb, visit () (event). natural history, photo. WAYPT/135, photo of snow-covered backlit trees S of road.

moved 12.5 km WNW.
135) Highway 185, 11.7 km ESE Saint-Antonin. 47.72369N 69.33290W TIME: 1259:35. AIR TEMP: -18, sunny, windy. HABITAT: open wetland in Picea muskeg. 2009/321/g, Typha latifolia (Broad-leaved Cattail) (Plant). codominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/136, in wetland on either side of road.

moved 15.5 km NW.
136) Autoroute 20, 5.4 km NNW Saint-Antonin. 21N/13, 47.80663N 69.50037W TIME: 1309:45. AIR TEMP: -17 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: ditches in gore of interchange along grassy superhwy roadside. 2009/321/h, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/137, small-headed stand N of road. Coming down along the St Lawrence we were sure we'd start seeing lots of stands, but this didn't prove to be the case. None reported from near here in 2001.

moved 1.9 km WNW.
137) Autoroute 20, 6.7 km NNW Saint-Antonin. 47.81321N 69.52369W TIME: 1311:00. AIR TEMP: -17 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: grassy superhwy roadside & ditches. 2009/321/i, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/138, low small-head 8 m stand N of road. None reported from near here in 2001.

moved 26.9 km SW.
138) Autoroute 20, 20.0 km NE Exit 458, Highway 287. 21N/12, 47.61499N 69.73046W TIME: 1327:56. AIR TEMP: -16 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: grassy superhwy median. 2009/321/j, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/139, whispy stand in wide grassy median. None reported from near here in 2001.

moved 6.3 km SSW.
139) Autoroute 20, 13.7 km NE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.56683N 69.77383W TIME: 1331:39. AIR TEMP: -15 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: grassy superhwy median. 2009/321/k, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/140, low dense stand in wide grassy median. None reported from near here in 2001.

moved 0.43 km SW.
140) Autoroute 20, 13.3 km NE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.56399N 69.77776W TIME: 1332:51. AIR TEMP: -14.5, sunny, windy. HABITAT: agricultural plain. 2009/321/l, visit () (event). photo. WAYPT/141, AKS photo of backlit mountains to the S.

moved 0.78 km SW.
141) Autoroute 20, 12.5 km NE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.55930N 69.78550W TIME: 1336:21. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: wide grassy superhwy median. 2009/322/a, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 2 stands herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/142, 2 dense 5 m stands in median.

moved 3.3 km SW.
142) Autoroute 20, 9.3 km NE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.53861N 69.81658W TIME: 1338:32. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: wide grassy superhwy median. 2009/322/b, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/143, dense 5 m stand in median.

moved 0.76 km SW.
143) Autoroute 20, 8.6 km NNE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.53370N 69.82357W TIME: 1338:57. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: grassy superhwy roadside. 2009/322/c, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/144, big tall stand in W slope of overpass.

moved 0.87 km SW.
144) Autoroute 20, 7.7 km NNE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.52753N 69.83059W TIME: 1339:30. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: wide grassy superhwy median. 2009/322/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/145, straggling stand in median.

moved 0.21 km SSW.
145) Autoroute 20, 7.5 km NNE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.52585N 69.83190W TIME: 1339:38. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: wide grassy superhwy median. 2009/322/e, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 2 stands herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/146, 2 small stands in median. A number of stands along here were missed; none were recorded here in 2001.

moved 2.0 km SSW.
146) Autoroute 20, 5.5 km NE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.50902N 69.84290W TIME: 1341:30. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: Typha/shrubby superhwy roadside ditch. 2009/322/f, Typha latifolia (Broad-leaved Cattail) (Plant). common herb, in fruit, dead, seen. WAYPT/147, sparsely in roadside ditch. AKS photo of mountains on flat St Lawrence plain.

moved 0.83 km SSW.
147) Autoroute 20, 4.7 km NE Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.50228N 69.84775W TIME: 1345:10. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: wide grassy superhwy median. 2009/322/g, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/148, 15 m narrow stand in median.

moved 0.88 km SW.
148) Autoroute 20, 3.8 km NE Exit 458, Highway 287. 21N/5, 47.49619N 69.85526W TIME: 1345:41. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: wide grassy superhwy median. 2009/322/h, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/149, 10 m roundish stand in median.

moved 6.9 km SW.
149) Autoroute 20, 3.1 km SW Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.44951N 69.91531W TIME: 1351:31. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: wide grassy superhwy median. 2009/322/i, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/150, 25 m dense plumed stand in low spot in median. A mowed-down stand noted here in 2001.

moved 1.23 km SW.
150) Autoroute 20, 4.3 km SW Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.44295N 69.92843W TIME: 1352:15. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside. 2009/322/j, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/151, bilobed 40 m stand around ditch N of road. A big stand noted here in 2001.

moved 2.0 km WSW.
151) Autoroute 20, 6.3 km SW Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.43317N 69.95010W TIME: 1353:23. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: wide grassy superhwy median. 2009/322/k, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/152, 10 m sparse stand in median.

moved 2.7 km WSW.
152) Autoroute 20, 8.9 km SW Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.41996N 69.97967W TIME: 1355:04. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: grassy superhwy roadside. 2009/322/l, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/154, 10 m stand N of rd at fence.

moved 1.12 km WSW.
153) Autoroute 20, 10.0 km SW Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.41678N 69.99376W TIME: 1355:42. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: grassy superhwy roadside. 2009/322/m, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). common herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/155, various stands on E slope of overpass. All of these with SUBSPECIES:australis appearance.

moved 1.01 km WSW.
154) Autoroute 20, 10.9 km SW Exit 458, Highway 287. 21M/8, 47.41388N 70.00646W TIME: 1356:23. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: median ditch of superhwy. 2009/322/o, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/156, diverse mixed stands all along median.

moved 1.7 km WSW.
155) Autoroute 20, 12.6 km WSW Exit 458, Highway 287. 47.40878N 70.02800W TIME: 1357:23. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: median ditch of superhwy. 2009/322/p, Phragmites australis (Reed) (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/157, diverse mixed stands all along median. Continuous since last record. Some of these may, from their small heads & narrow stems, be SUBSPECIES:americanus.

moved 0.83 km SW.
156) Autoroute 20, 6.2 km NNE Cap Martin exit. 47.40264N 70.03431W TIME: 1357:54. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: superhwy median. 2009/322/o, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 2 stands herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/158, 40 m median stand & another a bit SW. . . . followed, the the SW, by a long stretch of roadside and median stands, and solid marshes NW of the road along the St Lawrence. NO:Typha angustifolia seen yet.

moved 5.3 km SSW.
157) Autoroute 20, 0.9 km NE Cap Martin exit. 47.36172N 70.07045W TIME: 1401:18. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: superhwy roadside, median, and adjacent St Lawrence marshes. 2009/322/p, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). dominant herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/159, SW end of 5 km stretch of continuous stands.

moved 1.07 km SSW.
158) 0.4 km SE Auto Route 20 Cap Martin exit. 47.35234N 70.07349W TIME: 1411:11. AIR TEMP: -14 ca, sunny, windy. HABITAT: roadside ditch along superhwy interchange/exit. 2009/322/q, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand herb, in fruit, dead, seen, driveby. WAYPT/160, 25 m stand along interchange road. We got off Autoroute 20 to get gas, and this is just one of many stands along the roads here.

moved 0.65 km WNW.
159) Cap Martin at Auto Route 20 exit/rest area. 47.35516N 70.08107W TIME: 1417-1630. AIR TEMP: -14, clear, sunset, breezy. HABITAT: highly disturbed fleuve-estuary shore at superhwy roadside. 2009/323/-, datasheet (event). nat.hist., water colour. WAYPT/161, stopped here for daily watercolour painting. DATASHEET SUMMARY: Land ownership is by the Crown. The locality is based on global positioning (+/- 7 m). The diel period was cooling afternoon. The sky was clear, cloud cover 40%. There was no precipitation. The wind was Beaufort 4 Force from the NW. Weather for the past 48 hr was seasonally normal temperatures (with fluctuations) seasonally normal moisture. About 30 cm of snow on the ground.

The site was in/on flueve-shore shallow valley. Bedrock was not exposed, doubtless igneous. Soil moisture was frozen. The terrestrial vegetation was scrappy parkland (40% wooded) shore & roadside grassland. DOMINANT SPECIES: Populus tremuloides, Phragmites (Reed), Picea (Spruce), Arctium (Burrdock) along trail. I made a collection of the different types of Phragmites (Reed) along the road W of us.

Human impact on the site included superhwy interchange, Eel fishing gear on shore, & recreational trails. Wetlands were fringing marshes. Development stage of Typha latifolia (Broad-leaved Cattail) was dry seedheads. Water at the site was permanent natural estuarine bay/fleuve & excavated roadside ditches. Water level was tidal, seasonally normal. The bottom was boulders & cobbles, as far as could be seen. Water quality was cloudy brown. Water movement was rising & then falling tide, moving 70-50% ice cover past the shore. Water temperature 0 C, with floating packs of dirty ice.

Even at zero, or whatever themperature, the water throws up so much heat that the band of snow along the far shore twinkles like a star, and the far W end of the mountains is a snout rather than an horizon.

The only Bird detected was a single cf Eremophila call, and the only Mammal a cf Sorex (Shrew) tunnel going down into the snow.


15h09: 50% open water opening up among the ice as the tide continues to flow upstream.

15h27: 80% ice cover.

15h43: the ice downstream is an aqua green-grey in the face of the yellow-orange setting Sun, whicha lso makes the far hills an improbable orange-purple.

15h46: wind picking up as the Sun sets behind a low bank of clouds.

16h05: upstream current has very much slowed.

16h13: slack water.

16h21: ebb has begun as we prepare to leave.

moved 0.15 km SSW.
160) 0.3 km WSW Auto Route 20 Cap Martin exit. 47.35400N 70.08206W TIME: 1429:32. AIR TEMP: -14, clear, sunset, breezy. HABITAT: roadside ditch between road & bike trail along the Gulf of St Lawrence. 2009/333/b, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 1 stand/dominant herb, in fruit, dead, specimen. WAYPT/162, plume-headed stand.

moved 0.06 km N.
161) . 47.35450N 70.08193W TIME: 1432:38. AIR TEMP: -14, clear, sunset, breezy. HABITAT: roadside ditch between road & bike trail along the Gulf of St Lawrence. 2009/333/c, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis (Plant). 2/dominant herb, in fruit, dead, specimen. WAYPT/163, long-headed stand entwined with Convolvulus.

moved 0.06 km NNE.
162) 0.3 km W Auto Route 20 Cap Martin exit. 47.35496N 70.08156W TIME: 1447:49. AIR TEMP: -14, clear, sunset, breezy. HABITAT: roadside ditch between road & bike trail along the Gulf of St Lawrence. 2009/333/d, Phragmites australis SUBSPECIES:australis S (Plant). 3/dominant herb, in fruit, dead h, specimen. WAYPT/164, small-headed sway-stemmed stands. These may have been mowed down earlier in the year - one has a burst of fruiting filiments along the stem.

moved 115.1 km SW.
163) Autoroute 20, 0.1 km N Autoroute 20/73. 21L/11, 46.72507N 71.27923W TIME: 1751:47. AIR TEMP: -15 ca, clear. HABITAT: brightly lit superhwy interchange. 2009/333/e, visit () (event). natural history, driveby, dazzled. WAYPT/165, a staggering display of road lighting. For km after km these lights seem to signal that in the early 1970 s when these roads were built the Quebec government felt so awash in "free" James Bay and Churchill Falls hydro that there was no call to moderate or stint its expenditure.

moved 253.8 km SW.
164) Ste-Ann-De-Bellevue: Autoroute 40/Boulevard des Anciens Combattants. 31H/5, 45.42042N 73.94705W TIME: 2430ca. AIR TEMP: -16.5, clear. HABITAT: urban superhwy. 2009/333/g, visit () (event). drive. midpoint of long delay in Montreal. After we'd successfully navigated most of the way through Montreal, there was a slowdown to standstill, and we crept about a kilometre over the course of two and a half hours. Another hour spent creeping with thousands of other vehicles along the detour on Anciens-Combattants to Highway 20 west, brought us to this bridge over Highway 40 and we could see flashing lights of police and perhaps rescue vehicles around whatever horrible thing had happened, but could not make out anything that looked like an accident.

moved 39.3 km SW.
165) Canada: Ontario: Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry Cos: Autoroute 20/Hwy 401 at Quebec border. 31G/1, 45.20855N 74.34849W TIME: 2521:34. AIR TEMP: -16.5, clear. HABITAT: snowy superhwy roadside, fields. 2009/333/f, visit () (event). drive. WAYPT/166, coming out of a long delay in Montreal.

moved 112.9 km WSW.
166) Canada: Ontario: Grenville County: Oxford-on-Rideau: Bishops Mills General Store. 31B/13, 44.87281N 75.70119W TIME: 2610. AIR TEMP: -17, clear, breezy. HABITAT: gravel/hedge/paved area around store building in rural village on limestone plain. 2009/333/g, arrival () (event). drive. WAYPT/167, from New Brunswick. We're home and the vehicle is unpacked, including the bag of live Bar Road Mytilus and the can of New Brunswick Museum Dermestes. Roads were dry all the way from the New Brunswick/Quebec border, and we enjoyed good music and a good discussion of some Fragile Inheritance fund-raising ideas. It was a good trip all round, and everything looks to be in good order here. We're happy to crawl into our own bed.